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Thursday 13th of December 2018
Family and Its System in Islam
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Rabi al-Awwal 8, the Day of Grief

Rabi al-Awwal 8, the Day of Grief
By: Seyyed Ali Shahbaz “Peace upon you, O the Representative of Allah, and the Son of Allah’s Representatives; and the Father of His Representative… Peace upon you, O he who speaks with the Book of Allah…” The above is a passage from the ziyarah or standard form of salutation to an Infallible Member of Prophet Muhammad’s (SAWA) Household, at the news of whose martyrdom today in 260 AH (874 CE), according to contemporary accounts, the ...

Transfer of Caliphate to the Marwanids

Transfer of Caliphate to the Marwanids
By: Rasul Ja'fariyan Dispute Between Hijaz and Damascus Seemingly subsequent to Imam Husayn's martyrdom, there existed no hurdle facing the Umayya. It was Yazid's impudence that had one of the Muhajirun's descendant, 'Abd Allah Ibn Zubayr, muster up courage and cause turbulence in Hijaz. Although one of the instigators of the war of Jamal was he, during Imam Husayn's several-month presence in Mecca, despite his own mind and due to his political ...

Was Islam Spread by the Sword?

Was Islam Spread by the Sword?
It is a common misconception with some non-Muslims that Islam would not have millions of adherents all over the world, if it had not been spread by the use of force. The following points will make it clear, that far from being spread by the sword, it was the inherent force of truth, reason and logic that was responsible for the rapid spread of Islam. Islam has always given respect and freedom of religion to all faiths.  Freedom of religion is ...

The Author of the Two Bibliographical Encyclopedias

The Author of the Two Bibliographical Encyclopedias
For any ordinary passer-by, the sight of the white-turbaned Shaykh walking down the Najaf-Kufah road on Tuesday afternoons might not have been of any special attention, other than the brief exchange of greetings that is customary in those parts. Our religious scholar --as his headgear and apparel suggested-- was perhaps not the only one trekking the 10-km distance to Masjid al-Sahlah on foot every week. In those days before the Baathists cast ...

Islam and the African World

Islam and the African World
The Islamic religion is now a major factor in human life and its impact is felt not only in Arabia, where it started out and then spread to the four corners of the earth, embracing a significant portion of humanity, but also in Africa where it has in many cases displaced an indigenous belief system whose world view, though similar to Islam in certain respects, varies widely from it. This section of the chapter deals with the Islamic world view. ...

Facts With Deep Meanings

Facts With Deep Meanings
Islam fixed stated times for prayer, and embellished them with a certain precise, accompanying rituals. It stipulates rules for the prayer's correctness, outlines conditions under which it is fruitless and clarifies the objectives of worship that must be reached in order for the prayer to be complete in its full sense. These conditions weave from the spiritual atmosphere and the rites a sacred formula encompassing the entire scope of prayer. ...

Holy City of Qum: Past and Present

Holy City of Qum: Past and Present
A provincial capital since June 1996, Qum is a city 140 kilometers to the south of Tehran on the verge of the kavir, the vast desert of central Iran. Centuries before the arrival of Islam in the region, it was a major village among the many hamlets of the area. Several traditions and theories exist concerning the town's origin and name According to one of the more credible of them, its name derives from "kumeh," meaning a group of neighboring ...

Battle of Khaybar

Battle of Khaybar
The March to Khaybar The truce the holy Prophet had made with Mecca now made it possible to concentrate on the dangers which lay to their north. The greatest of these was the town of Khaybar, occupied by Jews who were for the most part implacably hostile to Islam. The sorcerer Labid had almost certainly been bribed from there, though that could have been the work of an individual. But there were far more evident and general reasons for taking ...

The Arab Military Before Islam

The Arab Military Before Islam
The Arab Military Before Islām The methods of war among the Arabs were different from that of all the other races. In their battles they relied on offence and attack1 and their motivation was limited to: defending their idols,2 bloodlust,3 raiding and stealing cattle4, and increasing the status and position of their own tribes5. Their most important weapon was the sword6. The role of Islām was changing the implements and their employment in ...

Woman's Role in the Islamic Civilization

Woman's Role in the Islamic Civilization
The previous pages reflected the Islamic thesis about woman and hijab. It is a conceptual view and a technical one. What about the practical view? How has woman, in the Islamic history, functioned in the society and what role has she actually played which shows the high position Islam awarded her when she left the superstitions and oppression of Jahiliyah behind her and donned the Islamic hijab? In the following pages, we will look at some ...

Types of Responsibilities

Types of Responsibilities
In the speech that I had given in this same venue under the topic of “Amr bil Maruf wa Nahi Anil Munkar” (commanding to that which is right and forbidding from that which is evil), I alluded to a point which I will repeat here and that is: our religious responsibilities are of two types - some responsibilities are related to our performance of a task which takes shape in one particular form and shape. All of the particular aspects of the ...

Quick List of Common Literary Terms

Quick List of Common Literary Terms
(Terms most applicable to AP Literature are in bold.) Abstract Language-Language describing ideas and qualities rather than observable or specific things, people, or places. The observable or "physical" is usually described in concrete language. Ad homonym—Latin for "against the man." When a writer personally attacks his or her opponents instead of their arguments Ad populum—Latin for "to the crowd." A fallacy of logic in which the ...

Medical Poetry in the Arabic Tradition: A Glimpse

Medical Poetry in the Arabic Tradition: A Glimpse
Summary: In the Arabic literature, didactic verse was a mnemotecnic device for easily remember basic concepts. For this reason verses were used in many medical treatises. In this paper some medical poems will be considered, with particular regard to ibn Sina’s Urjuza fi al tibb (Poem on medicine) Key words: Arabic medical poetry, didactic poem, rajaz verse, Ibn  Sinā, ...

The Differences Between English and Arabic

The Differences Between English and Arabic
Introduction: Arabic is the official language in many countries, including Egypt, Iraq, Libya, Saudi Arabia and Morocco. Arabic is also the language of the Koran, so Muslims of all nationalities, such as Indonesians, are familiar with it. There are many Arabic dialects, but there is one version that is taught in schools and used by the media across the Arab world. Arabic is from the Semitic language family, hence its grammar is very different ...

Kumayt al-Asadi:the Great Revolutionary Shi'ite Poet

Kumayt al-Asadi:the Great Revolutionary Shi'ite Poet
Al-Farazdaq said: "Al-Kumayt was the poet of the first and the last. 'Ukrima al-Dabbi said: "Were it not for his poetry, there would be no translator for the language nor would there be a tongue for explanation. ( Roudat al-Jinan, vol. 6, p. 59) He was the foremost thinker and writer of the period. He played an important role in developing Arab culture and Islamic scientific movement. The following are some bright sides of his life. His Birth ...

Prophet Hazrat Moosa (a.s.) and Qaarun

Prophet Hazrat Moosa (a.s.) and Qaarun
Who was Qaarun? In Hebrew Qaarun is called Qurah. He was the son of Yasa bin Qahat bin Levi bin Yaqub a.s. and a cousin of Moosa a.s. Qaarun was extremely beautiful, pleasant looking and rich man. He was characterized as pious and learned man of Bani Israil. People were respecting him after Moosa a.s. Qaarun was one of the seventy people who went to the Mount Sinai with the Moosa a.s. At the beginning he was poor, penniless and needy. Then the ...

Rights of Neighbors in Islam

Rights of Neighbors in Islam
And be good to the neighbour who is your relative and to the neighbour who is not a relative . . . (Qur'an, 4:36) Islam has great respect for the mutual rights and duties of neighbours. The Holy Prophet said: Jibra'1 always used to advise me to be generous with neighbours, till I thought that Allah was going to include the neighbours among the heirs of a Muslim. The rights of neighbourhood are not meant for Muslim neighbours only. of course, a ...

Women's Co¬operation in Social Life

Women's Co¬operation in Social Life
By: Mahdi Mahrizi The arena of social life being the third area of search and strival of son of Adam for attaining to perfection, in which a great portion of aptitudes and abilities are put in practice and flourishing, as they be effective also in realising individual maturities and success in family life. Further the social life is becoming nowadays much more miscellaneous and extensive than it was in the past. The examples for this can be ...

Hijab, a Divine Value

Hijab, a Divine Value
“Tell the believing men that they shall subdue their eyes, and safeguard their private parts (from being seen). This is purer for them. God is fully Cognizant of everything they do. And tell the believing women to subdue their eyes, and safeguard their private parts (from being seen). And they shall not display their beauty and ornaments, except what is apparent of it. And they shall draw their scarves over their bosoms ” (Holy Qur’an, ...

Role of Women in the Sacred Defence and Jihad

Role of Women in the Sacred Defence and Jihad
By: Ayatullah al-Uzma Khomeini, Leader of Islamic Revolution in Iran Defence of Islam and the Islamic country, incumbent on women Question: What is the duty of Muslim women in the battle of truth against falsehood? Reply: Jihad is not incumbent on women, but defence is incumbent on everyone in line with their ability and means. Istifta’at Vol. 1, p. 503 Dear sisters and brothers, in whatever country you may live, defend your Islamic and ...