English
Monday 22nd of April 2019
Law in Islam
ارسال پرسش جدید

The Holy Quran and the Infallible Imams

The Holy Quran and the Infallible Imams
Assalamu Alaykum brothers/sisters: Here are some verses from the Holy Quran concerning true and pure Imams: It is Allah's wish to remove all blemish from you, O Ahlul-Bayt, and purify you with a perfect purification. (33:33) Say, I ask no reward from you for it except the love of my kinsfolk. And whosoever does a good deed we add unto it a greater good for him. Lo, Allah is Forgiving, Responsive. (42:23) And whoever disputes with thee concerning ...

Hadrat Abu Talib's Role during the Total Boycott and Blockade of Muslims by Quraysh

Hadrat Abu Talib's Role during the Total Boycott and Blockade of Muslims by Quraysh
By: Abdullah al-Khunayzi The polytheists became very angry when the Prophet (s) became so powerful and his mission spread so widely that many people of different classes and countries believed in sincerely to a degree that they preferred dying to give up their new belief when they were punished with severest kinds of torture. In fact they tolerated pains as if they enjoyed pleasures. The pain for the sake of the mission was sweeter than any ...

Philosophical Foundations of Happiness

Philosophical Foundations of Happiness
uniion

Spirituality in Modern Philosophy

Spirituality in Modern Philosophy
The Crisis of Reason and Religion During the Enlightenment period in the 18th century, many of the structures that had previously dominated European life were rapidly being eroded by the pressures resulting from the mercantilism that took hold during the previous century. With trade and colonialism came an often distorted awareness of other ways of life that inspired many to question what had been considered absolute truths of morality, ...

The Witnessing and Recording of Deeds

The Witnessing and Recording of Deeds
Abstract The Qur’an describes the Day of Resurrection as a mashhad, which means a place, time, or stage of witnessing (11:103, 19:37). It is by essence when the truth and hidden realities are disclosed (10:30, 86:9, 100:10). This is a central quality of that Day, by which the Qur’an has sworn (85:3). Whereas one’s book of deeds is his own soul (17:13-14), witnesses are external beings that have encompassed one’s deeds. Therefore, ...

Ijtihad, Taqleed & Marja'a

Ijtihad, Taqleed & Marja'a
An Individuals faith in the principles of religion, endeavors to find accurate instructions from the text of the Quran and also from the statements and practices of the Prophet (Book & Sunnah) and acts accordingly in good faith. Anyone who understands Quran in depth, finds true Hadith in his searches and understands his own obligations which religion imposes on him and at the same time realises the collective or individual obligations as ...

Guardianship of the Jurists (Fuqaha)

Guardianship of the Jurists (Fuqaha)
The guardianship of the Jurists is the process of continuity of Imamate. In this context according to several hundred traditions of the Holy Prophet which have been narrated by accredited companions of the Holy Prophet the number of infallible Imams is twelve. Eleven of the twelve exalted personages have been martyred after him through poisoning or with swords because they fought against the despots of their times. Our twelfth Imam, Imam Mahdi ...

The Chapters and Titles in Fiqh

The Chapters and Titles in Fiqh
As mentioned earlier, the range of topics covered by Fiqh is very wide. It is therefore necessary to briefly acquaint oneself with the chapters and headings of these subjects. The only subjects which are outside the pale of Fiqh are the fundamentals and the Islamic ethics. It must be noted that the classification of the subjects under Fiqh was first organised by Muhaqqiq Hilli in his famous work 'SHARAE', and later, 'SHAHEED-E-AWWAL', glossed ...

The Tendency of Rationalizing the Laws of the Shari'ah

The Tendency of Rationalizing the Laws of the Shari'ah
"Why we have to pray five times a day? Why dogs and hogs are regarded unclean (najis)? Why an animal slaughtered in a non-Islamic way is forbidden (haram) and unclean?" These are but a few of the many questions asked by our youngsters about the laws of the shari'ah. They want to "rationalize" each and every law of the shari'ah; they want to know the reason and purpose of the legislation of these laws. Before explaining the validity or otherwise ...

Laws of the Shari'ah and Their Categories

Laws of the Shari'ah and Their Categories
We have come to know that 'Ilmul Usul studies the common elements in the process of deduction to derive laws of the Shari'ah, hence, it is necessary at the very outset to formulate a general concept of a law of the Shari'ah. 'Ilmul Usul pursues its derivation by defining the common elements in the process of deduction (Istinba-t)"A law of the Shari'ah is the legislation originating from Allah Almighty to regulate the life of man. The commands ...

Usurpation (Ghasb)

Usurpation (Ghasb)
Usurpation means that a person unjustly seizes the property or right of another person. This is one of the major sins and one who commits it will be subjected to severe chastisement on the Day of Judgement. It has been reported from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) "that whoever usurps one span of another's land, seven layers of that land will be put round his neck like a yoke on the Day of Judgement". 2554. If a person does not allow the people to ...

Law and the Difference in Outlook and Origin

Law and the Difference in Outlook and Origin
As explained in the last session, the above theory is based on an array of statutory principles. The first principle is the exigency of law for society while the second principle is that the law must be divine. After these two stages comes the issue of the implementer of law. Proving this theory to Muslims who accept those principles and believe in the Islamic fundamentals is not difficult. However, in dealing with those who reject those ...

Criterion of Credibility of Law

Criterion of Credibility of Law
In elucidating the Islamic political theory, we have made some discussions during the previous sessions and pointed out that the subject can be approached in two ways. One approach is argumentative [jadali], in which the fact that the addressee is a Muslim who adheres to Islam and Shi‘ism or believes in other ideological and moral fundamentals is disregarded; basic principles and foundations agreed upon by the two sides are taken into account ...

Superiority of Islamic Laws

Superiority of Islamic Laws
Undoubtedly, the above two interpretations of justice - which are cited as an example - are in total conflict and disharmony with each other in practice. They seem to be intolerant, inconsistent and discordant with the divine laws and monotheistic beliefs. For example, we have a set of laws in Islam which, according to our ideological principles, are the best and most beneficial laws for society and certainly concordant with justice. However, ...

Some Definitions for Soul

Some Definitions for Soul
Many words are used in Qur'an and Ahadith (traditions) for the Day of Judgement and the things related with it. Some of them are explained here: Al-'Akhirah: The next (world), the (life) hereafter. Its opppsites are al-'ula (the first world) and ad-dunya (the nearer world), both of which refer to this world in which we presently live. Allah says: “All praise is due to Him in the first (life) and the hereafter, and His is the Judgement, and to ...

Sources of Islamic Law

Sources of Islamic Law
Law is a body of definite rules and regulations which have the force and authority recognized socially, and which determine the rights, obligations, limits and responsibilities of everyone living in a particular territory. All, whether high or low, have to abide by these rules and regulations and to accept the consequences of violating them. Sources of Law Who fixes these rights, obligations and limits? In this respect all the laws of the world ...

The Spread of Shi‘ism during the Period of Umayyad Caliphate

The Spread of Shi‘ism during the Period of Umayyad Caliphate
By: Ghulam-Husayn Muharrami In spite of severe strangulation and oppression perpetrated against the Shi‘ah during the Umayyad rule, the spread of Shi‘ism continued unabated. The reason behind this was the state of oppression of the family of the Prophet (S) which prompted the people to incline emotionally toward them, causing new individuals to continuously embrace the creed of Shi‘ism. This point was completely conspicuous during the end ...

Shi‘ite Muslims in the Last Decades of the Umayyad State

Shi‘ite Muslims in the Last Decades of the Umayyad State
By: Rasul Ja'fariyan The Shi‘ite Muslims under the Pressure of the Umayyads As previously mentioned, Umayyads had three obstinate foes, namely Kharijites who were of great trouble to them during various periods. Shi'ite Muslims who were in opposition to Mu'awiya from 'Ali's term on and thereafter Imam Husayn (a), the penitents, Mukhtar, Zayd Ibn 'Ali and Yahya Ibn Yazid ran wild against them. Moreover, Shi'ites's ideology especially its ...

Contributions of Islamic Scholars to the Scientific Enterprise

Contributions of Islamic Scholars to the Scientific Enterprise
Abstract This paper presents a discussion regarding the role that Muslim scholars played in the development of scientific thinking in the Middle Ages. It argues that the Muslims were not just the preservers of the ancient and Greek knowledge, but that they contributed original works to the different fields of science. They were inspired by the Islamic view of nature that is, mankind had a duty to ‘study nature in order to discover God and to ...

Irresponsible Attitudes of the Companions

Irresponsible Attitudes of the Companions
uniion