Wednesday 29th of January 2020

Doubt is the sign of the disease of mind-heart

The sign of man’s mind-heart being correct (right) i.e. safe and sound is this that, he is so sure and confident about the truth being correct and false being not correct and is in the position of knowledge and confidence and the sign of the sickness of mind-heart with respect to understanding the truth and false, the rightfulness of truth and refutation of false is in suspense and doubt.

Surely the mind (heart) which is empty of the light for understanding the truth and knowledge and belief, that mind (heart) is not worth calling the mind of human. He is deprived of pure (chaste) life. And his life is inferior (vile) like that of animals.

Doubt is a kind of blindness. A blind man remains doubtful of the things also which are just spread around him because he does not see them.

A person’s nature is such that, though a thing is proved to be truth, by wisdom, by conscience and by rational argument, but still he doubts about it, then surely the eyes of his heart are blind. He is deprived of the blessings of discernment (prudence). The wisdom and Islamic jurisprudence gives this command and the most important responsibility of such person is this that, he should make efforts for the treatment of his disease of doubt.

Doubt is a very big disease

It is stated in Quran-e-Karim

وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَتْهُمْ رِجْسًا إِلَى رِجْسِهِمْ وَمَاتُواْ وَهُمْ كَافِرُونَ

“And as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it (signs of Allah) adds uncleanness to their uncleanness (disease of doubt) and they die while they are unbelievers.”

(Surah Tauba 9:125)

Whereas these same Ayats increases the light of knowledge of God, in safe and sound heart, it increases the insight (discernment, prudence) of the eye of the heart. These Ayats give happiness and delight to such hearts. It strengthens more and more the ability (capacity) of the brain and perception.

 Persian Text by (Sa-adi).

There is no disagreement on this that, the rain by its (nature) entity is the blessing and grace (favour) of Allah. But the same rain grows red roses in the garden and straw blade of grass in the water logging (of salinity) earth.

While explaining above-mentioned Ayat (verse) Imam Jafer Sadiq (a.s.) said,

The meaning of ‘Rijs” (uncleanness) in this ayat is doubt. That is above their doubt one more doubt increases.

(Tafsire Ayashi)

In safe and sound heart (mind), there is nothing other than Allah.

In Usule-Kafi, in the chapter of Ikhlas this tradition is there that:

Arabic Text. (Surah Shoara 26: Ayat No. 89)

إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ

(Meaning, yes, if a person goes to Allah with safe and sound heart (mind), he will be benefitted).

(Surah Shoara 26:89)

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) was asked about the meaning of this noble verse. Imam said: Safe and sound heart is the one, which meets his Lord and in which (the heart) there is no-one but Allah.” Imam (a.s.) said this also: And each of these hearts, in which infidelity or doubt exist, is going to fall in the hole of destruction.

Lost of two worlds.

In Surah Hajj it is stated:

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ عَلَى حَرْفٍ فَإِنْ أَصَابَهُ خَيْرٌ اطْمَأَنَّ بِهِ وَإِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ فِتْنَةٌ انقَلَبَ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ خَسِرَ الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةَ ذَلِكَ هُوَ الْخُسْرَانُ الْمُبِينُ

“And among men is he who serves Allah (standing) on the verge, so that if good befalls him, he is satisfied therewith, but if a trial afflict him, he turns back headlong; (towards doubt and infidelity), he loses this world as well as the hereafter; that is a manifest loss.”

(Surah Hajj 22:11)

There are some Muslims, who do not have the faith by heart and a definite belief in Allah, Prophet (s.a.w.s.) and the Day of Judgement. They affirm their faith in the state of doubt. They have adopted Islam also with the purpose of gaining physical-material benefits of the world. If they go on getting reward in the form of wealth, security, materialistic wishes being fulfilled, they will remain firm in their belief, but if they confront hardship, poverty, disease or some other misery, then they give up (quit) the religion. They go towards lowness (inferiority). They are caught in humility and captivity in this world also. And they become liable for punishment in the hereafter also. They incur losses of both the worlds.

In Tafsir-e-Minhajus-Sadeqeen it is written that among people there can be someone who stands on the borderline of belief and worships Allah, so that, while worshipping, if he feels that he is at loss, then immediately he can give up his belief. If he was to be among the well-wisher (benefactor) of belief then his quitting the religion would have been delayed.

He is just like the man who happens to be on the last edge of gratefulness. When the time comes to loot the booty, he always remains in the forefront and when there is danger of defeat, then he is again the one to be the fore-runner.”

He is the first to run-away from the battlefield.

And in Tafsie-Abul-Fatha it is written that This Ayat is regarding one group of Bedouin. They came to Madina, and just for the sake of saying accepted the religion, they declared their faith by tongue. But in the heart they did not have real faith and knowledge and confidence. As long as their wealth went on increasing, there was no occasion of disease and loss, offsprings of horses went on being born, wives continued to give birth of male (issues). They used to say that Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) is an auspicious man. And his religion is truthful. But when the climate of Madina did not suit them they became sick. Their animals started dying, then they started saying, this magician Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) (Nauzo Billah) is an unauspicious person, his religion has no foundation. He has not given us anything except loss and misery.

It is evident from this noble verse that the people having doubt (about the religion) are at a loss in this world as well as in the hereafter. In fact doubt is an impurity of heart. It is obligatory on every person that he keeps his heart clean of this impurity and adorn it with the splendour (light) of Tawheed.

Do not doubt, you may become infidel

Imam Husain (a.s.) arrived in Karbala on the second day of Moharram of sixty-one hijree. He while addressing the army of Yazid, what he said, with that comes the clarification of above mentioned verse For that refer to the books of Maqtal (place of execution).

Hazrat Amirul Mo-mineen Ali (a.s.) in one of his sermons says that:

“Do not become prey to wavering (suspense), otherwise your doubt will become strong and do not get entangled in doubt, and otherwise you will become infidel.”

Allamah Majlisi has said that:

Arabic words meaning do not go even near to such things, which may put you in doubt. Or may be by that it means that do not become unhappy by what Allah has ordained for you, because such attitude also becomes the cause of doubt, that wavering and hesitation (suspense) is called initial position of doubt.

The one who has doubt on Allah is an infidel. In the chapter of doubt in Usul al-Kafi there is this tradition also that, Muhammad bin Muslim says that, I was sitting on the left side of Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) and Zararah was sitting on his right side, in the meantime Abu-Basir came.

Abu-Basir urged “ O father of Abdillah what do you say about a person, who doubts about Allah!

Imam (a.s.) said,

“He is infidel.”

Muhammad bin Muslim says after that Imam (a.s.) turned towards Zararah and said,

“If he openly denies (disowns) then he becomes infidel only.”

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) has said in this tradition that, a person who is apparently a Muslim, but in his heart, he has doubt about Allah and Prophet (s.a.w.s.), and he dies in the same condition of doubt, then he will be counted along with the infidels. And in the latter part of the tradition Imam (a.s.) says that, if for that person openly refuses to believe in Allah and the Prophet (s.a.w.s.), then he will be counted as infidel apparently also. But one has doubt in his heart, he recites Kalemah with his tongue, but he does not show his doubt, then he will be counted as a Muslim. Though in fact he will be infidel. And the person who declares his doubt about truthfulness of Allah and the Prophet (s.a.w.s.), then on the apparent basis also he will be counted as infidel. Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) says that:

“The person who doubts about Allah and His Prophet (s.a.w.s.) is an infidel.”

(Beharul Anwar, Vol. No.15, chapter of Kufr)

Acts of virtue in the state of doubt are useless

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) says:

“Surely the doubt and sin, both will be in the fire of hell.” And the people who are connected with doubt and sin will also be there only.

(Usule-Kafi, chapter of doubt)

He said this also, that:

“The person who was born on inherent (having belief in oneness of Allah i.e. Tawheed) belief, his parents are Muslims, even then if he has doubt about Allah, then he will never return to good virtue.”

(Usule-Kafi, chapter of doubt)

In the same way in the chapter of doubt in Usule-Kafi, Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq’s this tradition is also there, that,

“A person who has doubt or suspicion about religion, then if he remains on either doubt or suspicion, then Allah will destroy his (good) actions.”

The virtuous acts of this person are useless.

And Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) has said that,

“Any action with doubt and refusal (of truth) has no benefit at all.”

(Usul al-Kafi, chapter of doubt.)

In the same chapter Imam Muhammad Baqir says,

“The Prophet of Allah (s.a.w.s.) use to seek protection of Allah from six things, i.e. doubt, polytheism, undue sense of honour (stubbournness of ignorant), anger, cruelty and jealousy.”

On the subject of censure of doubt and on the destruction of those who doubt, there are very many verses and traditions.

Destruction forever

This is admitted that, if a person dies in the condition of doubt or suspicion, if according to the belief he is not along with the knowledge and confidence and dies in that condition, then he is doomed (destroyed) for ever. There will be no deliverance for him from the punishment. As against this, for those whose belief is firm, and his faith is on the confidence level, then in such situation one dies than that person will be saved from the destruction forever. No one other than those having no faith will remain in the hell forever. A moamin having bad manners and having undesired (unbecoming) character if he also, repents and asks for forgiveness and reforms himself then he too, will be saved from the hell by the intercession of noble personalities of the religion. At the most it can happen that he may get the punishment in the grave (Barzakh) and at other places before the hell and he becomes pure (sinless). Now the punishment in the grave will be how long, only Allah knows better. In anycase, in the end this kind of a person will get deliverance and without going to the hell, he will get a place in the heavens along with the believers.

This thing is not plausible.

If asked that:

“A person dies without faith, then too, why he should be deprived of the bliss of Heaven and its unlimited delicacies? The most High and the great Lord, Allah is generous, bountiful and merciful. If all the humans go to the Heaven, then too there will be no loss (harm) to Allah. There would not result any decrease in His Kingdom. This thing is not beyond His Power also. In the same way if He sends all in the hell then too, there will not be any increase in His Powers (Authority).

The answer to this is that, a person can benefit that much only, as much as his measure of wisdom and understanding is. If a donkey is dressed in a splendid dress, then it is made to sit on a throne in a palace, different types of adornment and many sort of dishes are arranged for that donkey, then will this donkey be able to utilise all this in a proper way? Will this kind of arrangement was called as reasonable? The answer to this is definitely a big no. The wisdom demands that everything and every human should be given a place and which is appropriate to them. If the persons are of pure, clean, chaste and exquisite souls, then for them appropriate body and blessings of Paradise should be provided. And if the souls are dirty and filthy then their body should be of same relevancy, and their place should be the Hell. A person having no faith cannot have the capability only to enjoy and get the benefit of the grace of Heavens, just like the donkey (as described above).

Way to the Heaven

The road which is going towards Paradise, if man walks on that road, then he will reach upto t he Paradise. As against this if someone walks on the opposite direction, the road to hell, then how he can reach upto Paradise. If someone sows the seeds of bitter gourd and hopes for the grapes, then will he get grapes as the result! Whether Allah has deprived the people of Hell from the Paradise or they have deprived themselves?

Man can get only the thing that he desires for. He makes effort to get that thing. Someone had no faith in Allah. He did not do the effort to get nearer to Allah also, so that by means of that he may get the Paradise. When man has not made a firm determination to reach upto the Paradise, and did not do the effort, then how he can reach the Paradise all of a sudden just by doing nothing?

وَمَنْ أَرَادَ الآخِرَةَ وَسَعَى لَهَا سَعْيَهَا وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُولَئِكَ كَانَ سَعْيُهُم مَّشْكُورًا

“And whoever desires the hereafter and strives for it as he ought to strive and he is a believer; (as for) these, their striving shall surely be accepted.”

(Surah Bani Israel 17:19)

Therefore, merely wishing to go to Paradise but making no appropriate effort for that, for such a person to go to Paradise is not enough as a matter of fact.

Punishment in hereafter is not any revenge

And in hereafter the criminals (sinners) will get punishment according to their evil deeds. Punishment in hereafter is not any revenge. Rather it is effect of the causes. (The cause of the causer). The crimes (sins) committed in the world will be the cause of the punishment. The result of those causes (acts) will be punishment of hereafter for the causers. In the same way just and fair actions performed in the world, in the result of such causes, the person will get in the form of light (splendour) and blessings of Allah in the hereafter.

This is also an ambiguity.

One more ambiguity is this that:

To give punishment to those who do not believe and on that count giving punishment is also not proper. They did not recognise Allah. If they had recognised Allah then they would have refrained from disobeying Him. If the King moves among the common people in plain clothes, and if someone opposes him because he does not know who is he, that in that case giving him punishment will be injustice to him. The man can say, sir I did not recognise you.

Allah is not hidden from any sensible being

The answer to this, one who is not knowing and unaware of Allah, his excuse is not acceptable. Simile (comparison) of a King dressed in a plain dress is wrong. Allah is not hidden from a wise (sensible) person. If a wise man does not recognise Allah, then the reason of that is, that he did wish to recognise Him. If he was deprived of the blessings of the wisdom, then he could have been understood to be handicapped. Otherwise a wise man does not have any excuse. To know Allah anyone sensible proof is enough. He looks at the things and finds that in the stars, skies (heavens), drops of rain, leaves of tree, animals, insects, worms, large ants, seas, deserts, in short, whatever is present in the universe (existing) in every thing, there exists the proofs of His Absolute Knowledge and wisdom and Power and command. Hence there is a Being, which is infinitely knowledgeable (all knowing) and wise Omniscient, Philosopher, Mighty, Omnipotent, and Powerful.


قَالَتْ رُسُلُهُمْ أَفِي اللّهِ شَكٌّ فَاطِرِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ يَدْعُوكُمْ لِيَغْفِرَ لَكُم مِّن ذُنُوبِكُمْ وَيُؤَخِّرَكُمْ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَـمًّى قَالُواْ إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلاَّ بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُنَا تُرِيدُونَ أَن تَصُدُّونَا عَمَّا كَانَ يَعْبُدُ آبَآؤُنَا فَأْتُونَا بِسُلْطَانٍ مُّبِينٍ

 “Is there doubt about Allah, the Maker of the heavens and the earth?” ???

(Surah Ibrahim 14:10)

A poet says: that:

Persian text:

“Each and every plant which grows from the earth, that says Wahdahu la sharik (He is one without a partner (accomplice).”

And this couplet is also so excellent that:

Persian text:

(In the eyes of an intelligent person every leaf from the green leaves of the trees is a notebook on the subject of the knowledge of God).

Allah the Great is so evident for the wise people that, they can doubt for some other thing but they cannot doubt in Allah.

Then who these persons are?

Still we see that, majority of the people doubt about Allah. Those who have the belief and confidence are very few. In the same way there is no chance for doubt on the Day of Judgement and the Quran also.


 َأَنَّ السَّاعَةَ آتِيَةٌ لَّا رَيْبَ فِيهَا وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ مَن فِي الْقُبُورِ

And because the hour is coming, there is no doubt about it; and because Allah shall raise up those who are in the graves.

(Surah Haj 22:7)

“We see that, in the world then too, most of the people have doubt about Allah. Those who have confidence and belief seem to be very few. In the same manner there is no room for doubt in the Day of Judgement and Quran also, that no one except the Muslims believe in Quran. And the people other than the Muslims have doubt on the Day of Judgement.”

The blind people cannot see the sun

The answer to this is that, although Allah, Day of Judgement and the Quran, these all are definite truth and fact of the matter, those people who are having sound mind and a cultural nature, they do not think it proper to doubt in these things. The one having eyes will not tolerate doubt about the sun. But those people who doubt about these three facts (as mentioned above) in fact they are suffering from spiritual disease. They have mutilated their basic natural instinct. They are so deeply involved in the blind following of lusts, greed, ambitions and false and futile things, that, they have become blind in their inner eyes. That is why they do not see the facts. The blind cannot see the sun. The person who is a prisoner in the dark cell of a prison, he does not know whether Sun has risen or not.

The conclusion is that, such people put up themselves in the state of doubt and uncertainty, wavering and restlessness and lack of confidence. There can be no stigma for the truth to become prominent because of this.

They do not want to recognise the truth

The people who doubt, in fact they do not want to recognise the truth itself. If they were really the seeker of the truth and facts, then they would have had looked at the creatures of the world with a lesson. If they had looked at the marvel of the wisdom and amazing power of the Creator of the Universe with proper attention, then they would never have doubted.

One very nice book is there in the hands of those who doubt. The things written in that is also interesting. They are of very high standard. A very good writer has written that. The printing is also very fine. The paper is also of good quality. But the people who doubt, instead of reading the interesting and useful writings, they are relishing for its calligraphy, printing and exquisiteness only and they think looking at these niceties is enough for them. (No need to look into the detail of what is written in it and understand it).

The book of nature should be read with apt attention

The people of faith are like those who as soon as they see the book, they also read it, and while reading the book, they start pondering over the greatness and knowledge of the Master of the book. They accept description and narration.

Knowledge of the Universe

Man of today tries to get the knowledge of the constituents of the world of creations. He is taking great troubles for the purpose. He is spending his wealth and life for that. But to know about the Creator of the world, he is not doing anything. To the extent, that he does not think also for that matter. To reach on the moon, he bears so much of expenses. He makes efforts to be aware of the climate and atmosphere there and get the benefit out of it. And he sacrifices much more. But he is not ready to spend a little portion of his life to know about the Creator of that moon and under His Perfect and fantastic supervision how the moon, moves in the sky.

This is the reason, why today’s scientific faculty and its knowledge is not the cause of auspiciousness. They cannot obtain the real comforts and tranquility. At present for the knowledge of man these creations are the last limit. The man does not proceed beyond this and he is not reaching upto the Creator.



فَنَادَوْا صَاحِبَهُمْ فَتَعَاطَى فَعَقَرَ  فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ

“Therefore turn aside from him who turns his back upon Our reminder and does not desire anything but this world’s life. That is their goal of knowledge....”

(Surah Najm 53:29-30)

Advancement of science

Man has made great strides in the course of knowledge of medical science, surgery, and ways to diagnosis of different diseases, medicines and medical treatment. But he does not know anything about the Creator and Maker of that marvelous body system of man. The science of today’s man is limited to lowly things only (not thinking about Allah). But he is quite with regard to the existence of Allah and knowledge of Allah. There is nothing except ignorance, doubt and stupidity. The scientist of today is unaware of the creator of the universe, His names, His attributes, His army i.e. Angels, Prophets, Heavenly (sacred) books, the life after death, the place of mans permanent stay.

بَلِ ادَّارَكَ عِلْمُهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ بَلْ هُمْ فِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهَا بَلْ هُم مِّنْهَا عَمِونَ

“Nay, their knowledge respecting the hereafter is slight and hasty; nay, they are in doubt nay, they are quite blind to it.”

(Surah Naml 27:66)

Why we do not think about the knowledge of God?

Why is it so, that the knowledge of the people have nothing to say about Allah? It is like that, that it is not possible for them to obtain knowledge about Allah? Or the thing is that the way they should strive to have the knowledge about the Creator of the Universe, they don’t do it? If they can strive, then why they do not do it?

The clear answer to these questions is this that, the man cannot said to be helpless in knowing (recognising) about the Creator of the Universe. The Creator has bestowed upon him the light of wisdom (sense intellect) for that purpose only, so that he in the light of that can reach upto the Real knowledge the Truth, and understanding. And so that he can recognise Allah and get His nearness. In Qurane-Majid it is given in clear words, that, Allah has created everything for humans and the human was created for His recognition and worship. (For example look at Surah Luqman 31: Ayat No: 21)???

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اتَّبِعُوا مَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ قَالُوا بَلْ نَتَّبِعُ مَا وَجَدْنَا عَلَيْهِ آبَاءنَا أَوَلَوْ كَانَ الشَّيْطَانُ يَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى عَذَابِ السَّعِيرِ

The spirit (courage) is low and is limited to material pleasures.

(Surah Luqman 31:21)

The fact is this only that, the spirit of today’s man is low and is limited to physical-material pleasures. He is satisfied only with material-physical comforts and the pleasures just like that of animals. He is not aware of spiritual pleasures, knowledge of Allah and the taste of worship. Because of his low spirit and limited thinking, he does not even make effort to have that and he remains on to his ignorance.

بَلْ يُرِيدُ الْإِنسَانُ لِيَفْجُرَ أَمَامَهُ

Nay! Man desires to give the lie to what is before him.

(Surah Qiyamat 75:5)

He wishes to continue doing sins in the world before him.

One historic example of high spirit

Twelve of Muslim soldiers were taken prisoners by Romans (Turks). They were taken to the capital and were produced in front of the Christian King. The King saw their appearance, looks, features and characters. Then he started thinking that what kind of people are these that though they have very little force (strength) and are small in quantity, but still they get victory everywhere? He said to them “You do the formation of my armies so that, they become like you. I will give so much to you in reward.”

The Muslim soldiers replied:

“Our religion does not permit that we help you in this respect (matter).”

They recited this verse:

قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَا أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ فَلَنْ أَكُونَ ظَهِيرًا لِّلْمُجْرِمِينَ

He said: My Lord! Because Thou hast bestowed a favor on me, I shall never be a backer of the guilty.

(Surah Qasas 28:17)

The King ordered that they should be taken to the church, and beautiful girls be produced in front of them. If they tend towards those girls, then those girls will stay with them on the condition that they accept our proposal.”

They were taken to the church, when they saw the girls, they turned their eyes down and said: “This is a place of seduction (lust) and not a place of worship.”

The King got the information that they did not tend (wish for) towards the girls. He called them and said:

“If you do not accept my proposal, then I will kill you.”

They all said with cheers:

“We wish that we may be killed in the way of Allah, because, our Prophet (s.a.w.s.) Has said, that, if you die on the bed then it is possible that you may or may not go to Paradise. But if you are killed in the way of Allah then definitely you will become the people of the Paradise.”

source : QALBE SALEEM/Shaheede Mehraab Ayatullah-ul-Uzma Al-Haaj Sayed Abdul Husain Dastghaib Shirazi (r.a.)
امتیاز شما به این مطلب ؟

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