English
Thursday 4th of June 2020
Law in Islam
ارسال پرسش جدید

Guardianship of the Jurists (Fuqaha)

Guardianship of the Jurists (Fuqaha)
The guardianship of the Jurists is the process of continuity of Imamate. In this context according to several hundred traditions of the Holy Prophet which have been narrated by accredited companions of the Holy Prophet the number of infallible Imams is twelve. Eleven of the twelve exalted personages have been martyred after him through poisoning or with swords because they fought against the despots of their times. Our twelfth Imam, Imam Mahdi ...

The Chapters and Titles in Fiqh

The Chapters and Titles in Fiqh
As mentioned earlier, the range of topics covered by Fiqh is very wide. It is therefore necessary to briefly acquaint oneself with the chapters and headings of these subjects. The only subjects which are outside the pale of Fiqh are the fundamentals and the Islamic ethics. It must be noted that the classification of the subjects under Fiqh was first organised by Muhaqqiq Hilli in his famous work 'SHARAE', and later, 'SHAHEED-E-AWWAL', glossed ...

The Tendency of Rationalizing the Laws of the Shari'ah

The Tendency of Rationalizing the Laws of the Shari'ah
"Why we have to pray five times a day? Why dogs and hogs are regarded unclean (najis)? Why an animal slaughtered in a non-Islamic way is forbidden (haram) and unclean?" These are but a few of the many questions asked by our youngsters about the laws of the shari'ah. They want to "rationalize" each and every law of the shari'ah; they want to know the reason and purpose of the legislation of these laws. Before explaining the validity or otherwise ...

Laws of the Shari'ah and Their Categories

Laws of the Shari'ah and Their Categories
We have come to know that 'Ilmul Usul studies the common elements in the process of deduction to derive laws of the Shari'ah, hence, it is necessary at the very outset to formulate a general concept of a law of the Shari'ah. 'Ilmul Usul pursues its derivation by defining the common elements in the process of deduction (Istinba-t)"A law of the Shari'ah is the legislation originating from Allah Almighty to regulate the life of man. The commands ...

Law and the Difference in Outlook and Origin

Law and the Difference in Outlook and Origin
As explained in the last session, the above theory is based on an array of statutory principles. The first principle is the exigency of law for society while the second principle is that the law must be divine. After these two stages comes the issue of the implementer of law. Proving this theory to Muslims who accept those principles and believe in the Islamic fundamentals is not difficult. However, in dealing with those who reject those ...

Criterion of Credibility of Law

Criterion of Credibility of Law
In elucidating the Islamic political theory, we have made some discussions during the previous sessions and pointed out that the subject can be approached in two ways. One approach is argumentative [jadali], in which the fact that the addressee is a Muslim who adheres to Islam and Shi‘ism or believes in other ideological and moral fundamentals is disregarded; basic principles and foundations agreed upon by the two sides are taken into account ...

Superiority of Islamic Laws

Superiority of Islamic Laws
Undoubtedly, the above two interpretations of justice - which are cited as an example - are in total conflict and disharmony with each other in practice. They seem to be intolerant, inconsistent and discordant with the divine laws and monotheistic beliefs. For example, we have a set of laws in Islam which, according to our ideological principles, are the best and most beneficial laws for society and certainly concordant with justice. However, ...

Some Definitions for Soul

Some Definitions for Soul
Many words are used in Qur'an and Ahadith (traditions) for the Day of Judgement and the things related with it. Some of them are explained here: Al-'Akhirah: The next (world), the (life) hereafter. Its opppsites are al-'ula (the first world) and ad-dunya (the nearer world), both of which refer to this world in which we presently live. Allah says: “All praise is due to Him in the first (life) and the hereafter, and His is the Judgement, and to ...

The Spread of Shi‘ism during the Period of Umayyad Caliphate

The Spread of Shi‘ism during the Period of Umayyad Caliphate
By: Ghulam-Husayn Muharrami In spite of severe strangulation and oppression perpetrated against the Shi‘ah during the Umayyad rule, the spread of Shi‘ism continued unabated. The reason behind this was the state of oppression of the family of the Prophet (S) which prompted the people to incline emotionally toward them, causing new individuals to continuously embrace the creed of Shi‘ism. This point was completely conspicuous during the end ...

Shi‘ite Muslims in the Last Decades of the Umayyad State

Shi‘ite Muslims in the Last Decades of the Umayyad State
By: Rasul Ja'fariyan The Shi‘ite Muslims under the Pressure of the Umayyads As previously mentioned, Umayyads had three obstinate foes, namely Kharijites who were of great trouble to them during various periods. Shi'ite Muslims who were in opposition to Mu'awiya from 'Ali's term on and thereafter Imam Husayn (a), the penitents, Mukhtar, Zayd Ibn 'Ali and Yahya Ibn Yazid ran wild against them. Moreover, Shi'ites's ideology especially its ...

Contributions of Islamic Scholars to the Scientific Enterprise

Contributions of Islamic Scholars to the Scientific Enterprise
Abstract This paper presents a discussion regarding the role that Muslim scholars played in the development of scientific thinking in the Middle Ages. It argues that the Muslims were not just the preservers of the ancient and Greek knowledge, but that they contributed original works to the different fields of science. They were inspired by the Islamic view of nature that is, mankind had a duty to ‘study nature in order to discover God and to ...

Irresponsible Attitudes of the Companions

Irresponsible Attitudes of the Companions
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Eid al-Mubahila; Its Historic Perspectivey

Eid al-Mubahila; Its Historic Perspectivey
Glorious Quran Chapter 3 Verse 61 says: And unto him who disputeth with thee therein after the knowledge hath come unto thee, Say! (O’ Our Apostle Muhammad!) ( Unto them ) come ye, let us summon our sons, and ( ye summon ) your sons, and ( we summon ) our women and ( ye ) your women, and ( we summon ) ourselves and ( ye ) yourselves and then let us invoke the curse of God on the liars ! This verse refers to the famous event of ' Mubahila ' ...

Treaty of Hudaybiya (627 A.D.)

Treaty of Hudaybiya (627 A.D.)
On the first day of the month of Thul-Qi’dah, of the same year, 5 A.H./March 27, 627 A.D., a month in which no fighting was to take place according to the ancient Arabian custom, the Prophet saw in a dream that he and his followers were mcircling the Ka’ba and performing all the rituals of the pilgrimage. The next morning, he communicated his dream to his followers who were very glad to have such good news. Particularly happy were the ...

Academics Discuss Problems to Study Islam

Academics Discuss Problems to Study Islam
Interpreting Islam edited by Hastings Donnan. Pub: Sage Publications, London, 2002. Pp: 196. Pbk: £18.95. By Laila Juma This small volume, fewer than 200 pages, is timely, coming soon after the September 11 attacks, which have brought Islam to the forefront of many minds in the West. Unlike many books rushed into the bookstores during the last few months, this is not an attempt to explain Islam to the uninformed (often by the uninformed); ...

Importance of Family Life in Islam

Importance of Family Life in Islam
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The Role of Women in the Victory of the Islamic Revolution

The Role of Women in the Victory of the Islamic Revolution
By: Ayatullah al-Uzma Khomeini The transformation undergone by women during the Islamic revolution A spiritual transformation took place, a change in attitude. With tenacious resolve, all segments of the population, from small children to older men, from small girls to older women, rose up together obeying the call to “rise up for God, it may be in pairs or it may be singly” (Qur’an 34:46), and stood fast. (252) 11 May 1979 (21 ...

The Threat of Nihilism: New Educational Opportunities?

The Threat of Nihilism: New Educational Opportunities?
ABSTRACT: If the educator is characterized by a willingness to stand for something and simultaneously willing to care for someone, then the philosophy of authenticity should help the educator out of the problems that the Enlightenment project and some of its critics have created. While our integrative authenticity should rescue us from despair, it should also correct the possible immobilism occasioned by the interpretation of some postmodernist ...

The Sovereignty of the Spirit

The Sovereignty of the Spirit
We are aware of two realities in our being: one the external compound that is our body, fully accessible to empirical science, and the other, consisting of thought and perception, love and affection, hatred, and conscience. These cannot be considered as a mere series of sensory needs or bodily reactions; they are beyond the scope of empirical science and cannot be measured by material criteria. They represent realities that are both different ...

Science and the Muslim Ummah

Science and the Muslim Ummah
Introduction One of the distinctive features of Islam is its emphasis on knowledge. The Quran and the Islamic tradition (sunnah) invite Muslims to seek and acquire knowledge and wisdom and to hold men of knowledge in high esteem. Some of the Quranic verses and relevant traditions will be mentioned in the course of our discussion. At the outset we may recall a famous hadith of the Holy Prophet upon whom be Allah's peace and benedictions that ...