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Hadrat Fatima Masumah(SA)

Name: Fatima Title: Masumah Born In: Medina, on the first Day of Dhu al-Qa'dah 173 A.H. Father's name: Imam Musa al-Kazim(AS) Mother's name: Najma Khatoon mother of Imam Reza (AS) Died: at the age 28, in Qum on 10th
Hadrat Fatima Masumah(SA)

ame: Fatima

Title: Masumah

Born In: Medina, on the first Day of Dhu al-Qa'dah 173 A.H.

Father's name: Imam Musa al-Kazim(AS)

Mother's name: Najma Khatoon mother of Imam Reza (AS)

Died: at the age 28, in Qum on 10th Rabi al-Thani, 201 A.H.

Buried: in the holy shrine in the holy city of Qum

Noble Descent:
Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA) the Blessed and the Gracious Divine Lady from the Holy Ahlul Bayt (AS) was born in the holy city of Medina on the First Day of the month of Dhu al-Qa'dah 173 A.H. His holy father was Imam Musa al-Kazim (AS), the Seventh Holy Imam and Imam Reza (AS), the Eighth Holy Imam was her elder brother.
Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA) was the most learned scholar and very pious lady and was greatly revered by the Holy Imams (AS). She was buried in the holy city of Qum (Iran) and her holy shrine is every year visited by millions of the lovers of Holy Ahlul Bayt (AS).

The Learned Divine Lady from the Holy Ahlul Bayt (AS):
Hadrat Masumah (SA) was brought up in a very noble family. She was daughter of the Holy Imam [Imam Musa al-Kazim (AS)], the sister of the Holy Imam [Imam Reza (AS)] and the aunt of the Holy Imam [Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad (AS)].

She was taught all the Islamic sciences by Imam Musa al-Kazim (AS) and Imam Reza (AS) and she transmitted Ahadith (traditions) from them. She became famous as Aalimah (the Learned Lady) and Muhaddithah (the Learned Lady who transmitted Ahadith).

The traditions quoted by Hadrat Masumah (SA) are among the most authentic traditions which are present in various books of traditions.

She was Masumah (the Immaculate):

Hadrat Fatima bint Musa al-Kazim (AS) was most pious, noble and reverend lady. Like her holy grandmother Hadrat Fatima Zahra (SA) she was always busy in performing Salaat (prayers) and kept fast most of the days. She was greatly respected and revered by her holy father Imam Musa al-Kazim (AS) and her elder brother Imam Reza (AS). She becomes famous as Masumah (the Immaculate) during her lifetime. Imam Reza (AS) has said about Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA) "Whoever performs the Ziyarah of 'Fatima Masumah' in Qum is like the person who has performed my Ziyarah".

Karimah-i Ahlul Bayt (AS):

Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA) is also considered as Karimah-i Ahlul Bayt (AS) because she was very kind and gracious. Thousands of miracles have been recorded at the holy grave of her and she fulfills the rightful wishes of the believers and she miraculously heals incurable patients. Imam Jafar Sadiq (AS) has quoted "By the intercession of Fatima Masumah (SA) all my Shias will enter the paradise".

Demise of Hadrat Masumah (SA):

In the year 200 A.H. a year after the forced migration of Imam Reza (AS) from Medina to Marw in Khurasan by the reigning Abbasid caliph Mamun, Hadrat Masumah accompanied by her brothers left Medina for Khurasan to meet her elder brother Imam Reza (AS). When they reached Saveh in central Iran they were attacked by the Abbasid army and many of his brothers were mercilessly martyred.

Hadrat Masumah (SA) became severely ill and in this condition she migrated to Qum where the Shias of the city warmly welcomed her. The effect of sickness increased during her short stay in Qum and she attained martyrdom on 10th of Rabi al-Thani 201 A.H. Hadrat Masumah (SA) had great longing to meet her brother Imam Reza (AS) but due to her sudden death she could not meet him. Imam Reza (AS) was deeply grieved when he came to know about the demise of her beloved sister Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA).

The Merits of the Ziyarah of Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA):

There are many traditions from the Holy Imams (AS) recommending the Shias to perform the Ziyarah of the holy grave of Hadrat Masumah (SA) in the holy city of Qum.

Imam Ali-e-Reza (AS) said: "Whoever performs the Ziyarah of Fatima Masumah (SA) will be awarded heaven".

Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad (AS) said: "Whoever performs the Ziyarah of my aunt [Fatima Masumah (SA)] in Qum will enter paradise".

Imam Ali-e-Reza (AS) said: "Whoever performs the Ziyarah of 'Fatima Masumah' with the knowledge of her status will attain paradise".

The Holy City of Qum:

The holy city of Qum in central Iran, 150 km to the south of Tehran became one of the first bastions Shi'ism and till the present day it is the leading center of Islamic seminaries where more than forty thousand scholars and students are learning Islamic sciences in the numerable Islamic seminaries present in this holy city. At present about two hundred Islamic research and cultural centers are active in this holy city.

In the year 83 A.H. the Arabs belonging to the Ash'ari tribe migrated and settled in this region and laid the foundation of this city. From the beginning of its establishment the city of Qum became the dwelling place of the Shias and by the end of first century Hijrah more than 6000 Shias settled in this city. The Shias of this city revolted against the Umayyad caliphs and after the inception of the Abbasid caliphate in 132 A.H. they also opposed the Abbasid caliphs.

In the year 200 A.H. Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA) took refuge in this city and Her Holiness expired in the year 201 A.H. and was buried in this city. The sacred grave of Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA) became the pilgrimage center of the Shias and this city became famous as Qum-i Muqaddas. Since then it also emerged as a leading Shia learning center in the world. The holy shrine of Hadrat Fatima Masumah (SA) and the city's reputation as a center of theological education of the Shias contributed most to its fame.

In June1963 Imam Khomeini (R.A.) started Islamic movement against the rule of Shah from the holy city of Qum. The uprising of people of Qum in January 1978 convulsed the whole of Iran and led to the victory of Islamic revolution and the establishment of Islamic Republic in Iran in February 1979.

source : sibtayn
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