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A brief description of great morality of Imam Hassan al-Askari & Imam al-Mahdi

Morality of Imam Hassan al-`Askari

From among the letters sent by Imam `Askar¢ to `Al¢ ibn °usayn ibn B¡bawayh of Qum, there is a letter in part of which special attention has been paid to him and to all Sh¢`ites, indicating that a true Sh¢`ite enjoys a high value for the infallible Imam. Parts of the letter read:

عَلَيْكَ بِالصَّبْرِ وَانْتِظَارِ الْفَرَجِ. قَالَ النَّبِيُّ 3: أفْضَلُ الأعْمَالِ إنْتِظَارُ الْفَرَجِ. وَلأ يَزَالُ شِيعَتُنَا فِي حُزْنٍ حَتَّى يَظْهَرَ وَلَدِي الَّذِي بَشَّرَ بِهِ النَّبِيُّ يَمْلأُ الأرْضَ قِسْطاً وَعَدْلاً كَمَا مُلِئَتْ جَوْراً وَظُلْماً. فَاصْبِرْ يَا شَيْخِي يَا أبَا الْحَسَنِ عَلِيُّ، وَأْمُرْ جَمِيعَ شِيعَتِي بِالصَّبْرِ، فَإنَّ الأرْضَ للهِ يُورِثُهَا مَنْ يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ، وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ، وَالسَّلأمُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَى جَمِيعِ شِيعَتِنَا وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ.

You have the duty to be patient and await the reappearance of Imam al-Mahd¢, for Allah’s Messenger has said: The best deed of my ummah is to await the reappearance of Imam al-Mahd¢. Our followers are eagerly waiting for the reappearance of my son the news of whose coming the Holy Prophet has given in order to fill with justice the world which has been replete with injustice. O Dear Sheikh Ab£’l-°asan `Al¢, be patient and invite all Sh¢`ites to patience. Beyond doubt the earth belongs to Allah and He will inherit it to anyone of His servants as He wishes and the good end belongs to those who guard against evil. Peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on you and on all Sh¢`ites and peace of Allah be on Mu¦ammad and his progeny.[1]

Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil

°asan ibn Mu¦ammad of Qum has reported: The great persons of Qum told me that °usayn ibn °asan ibn Ja`far ibn Mu¦ammad ibn Ism¡`¢l ibn Ja`far al-¯¡diq openly drank wine in the city of Qum. One day I went to the door of A¦mad ibn Is¦¡q Ash`ar¢ who was the head of charitable bequests in Qum for a need. But he did not give him entry permission. So °usayn ibn °asan sorrowfully returned home! A few days later, A¦mad ibn °asan set off for Mecca on °ajj. When he reached S¡marr¡', he was denied permission to see Imam °as¡n `Askar¢! He cried for a long time until the Imam gave him permission to see him. Being received by the Imam, A¦mad said, “O son of Allah’s Messenger! Why did you deny me permission to see you; while I am Sh¢`ite and follower of you?” The Imam said, “Because you sent away our cousin from your house!” Ahmad started crying and took an oath that he had done so in order to forbid him from drinking wine. The Imam said, “You are right but you should have honored them because of his relation to us.” When Ahmad returned from Mecca, the dignitaries of Qum came to see him and °usayn too was with them. When Ahmad saw °usayn, he rose up, welcomed and honored him and made him sit in a high place.

°usayn ibn °asan was surprised by this behavior; so, he asked Ahmad the reason for it. A¦mad ibn Is¦¡q told him what had happened between Imam °as¡n `Askar¢ and him. Hearing this, °usayn ibn °asan repented his evil deed, returned home, broke all the bottles of wine, became a pious man, and retired to mosque until death took his life and he was buried near the shrine of F¡§imah Ma`¥£mah.[2]

Charity

Mu¦ammad ibn `Al¢ ibn Ibr¡h¢m has reported: Earning a livelihood had become hard for us and indigence had overwhelmed us. My father told me to take him to the presence of Imam °as¡n `Askar¢ for he had been described as a generous man. I said to my father, “Do you know him personally?” He said, “I do not know him nor have I seen him.” On the way, my father said, “How good it will be if he orders five hundred Dirhams to be given to us, two hundred for clothes, two hundred for flour and one hundred for living expenditures.” I said to myself, “I wish he would give me three hundred Dirhams so that I would buy a horse for one hundred Dirhams, I would spend one hundred for living costs and I would buy clothes for one hundred and then I would go to the region of Jabal.” When we reached the door of the house of Imam, his slave came towards us saying, “`Al¢ ibn Ibr¡h¢m and his son Mu¦ammad may enter.” When we entered the room and saluted him, the Imam said to my father, “What kept you from coming to visit us?” My father said, “My master! I was ashamed of seeing you in this position.” When we came out of the house, the Imam’s servant gave him a purse saying, “This is five hundred Dirhams, two hundred Dirhams for clothes, two hundred Dirhams for flour and one hundred Dirhams for living expenditures.” He gave me a purse to me too, saying, “This is three hundred Dirhams, one hundred Dirhams for buying a horse, one hundred Dirhams for clothes, and one hundred for living costs. Don’t go to Jabal rather go to Surrah in Iraq.”[3]


Morality and character
of Imam al-Mahd¢

The Imams of Ahl al-Bayt (a.s), due to restrictions imposed on them from every side, had no chance to fully reveal their capacities. The Imam of the Time, may Allah expedite his reappearance, will have a chance to reveal his multi-dimensional capacity as foreseen by the Holy Prophet and the Imam’s of Ahl al-Bayt. Therefore, his behavior, conduct and temperament have a dimension wider than those of the other Imams. In most narrations, we read that the time of Imam al-Mahd¢ will be replete with bloodshed and killing. In certain narrations, it has even been pointed out that Allah will remove love for the enemies from the heart of Imam al-Mahd¢ so much so that people will say,

…لَيْسَ هَذَا مِنْ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، لَوْ كَانَ مِنْ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ لَرَحِمَ!

“This is not from the Household of Mu¦ammad. Were he from the Household of Mu¦ammad, he would have some mercy.”[4]

However, one must note that when Imam al-Mahd¢ reappears, the world will be at the enemies’ hand and they strongly resist against him. In this connection, Imam al-¯¡diq has said:

إنَّ قَائِمَنَا إذَا قَامَ اسْتَقْبَلَ مِنْ جَهَلَةِ النَّاسِ أشَدَّ مِمَّا اسْتَقْبَلَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ 3 مِنْ جُهَّالِ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ.

When our Imam rises up, he will find people more ignorant than that of the time before Allah’s Messenger.

In this case, Imam al-Mahd¢ has no option other than resorting to war and a revolutionary decisiveness. When the resistance of the sworn enemy is broken, justice, welfare, peace and security will prevail everywhere. What follows are narrations showing the morality and corrective character of Imam al-Mahd¢ in relation to the world and man at large:

Resemblance To The Holy Prophet

Looking at °usayn, Imam `Al¢ said:

إنَّ ابْنِي هَذَا سَيِّدٌ كَمَا سَمَّاهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ 2 سَيِّداً. وَسَيُخْرِجُ اللهُ مِنْ صُلْبِهِ رَجُلاً بِاسْمِ نَبِيِّكُمْ، يُشْبِهُهُ فِي الْخَلْقِ وَالْخُلُقِ.

This son of mine is a master as the Holy Prophet called him a master and from his issue will come a man who has the same name of the Messenger of Allah and resembling to him in creation and character.[5]

`Abdull¡h ibn `A§¡ reports: I asked Imam al-Sadiq about the character of Imam al-Mahd¢, the Imam said:

يَصْنَعُ مَا صَنَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ 3.

He will do what the Holy Prophet did.[6]

Quoting Allah’s Messenger, Ibn `Abb¡s has reported:

التَّاسِعُ مِنْهُمْ، قَائِمُ أهْلِ بَيْتِي وَمَهْدِيُّ أمَّتِي، أشْبَهُ النَّاسِ بِي فِي شَمَائِلِهِ وَأقْوَالِهِ وَأفْعَالِهِ.

The ninth of them, the support of my Household and al-Mahd¢ of my ummah is the most similar to me in appearance, speech and deed.[7]

Ab£-Mu¦ammad °asan ibn `Al¢ `Askar¢ (a.s) was quoted by A¦mad ibn Is¦¡q ibn Sa`d as saying:

ألْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي لَمْ يُخْرِجْنِي مِنَ الدُّنْيَا حَتَّى أرَانِيَ الْخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِي، أشْبَهَ النَّاسِ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ 3 خَلْقاً وَخُلُقاً.

I praise Allah that before I die He has shown me my successor who is the most similar to Allah’s Messenger in appearance, speech and deed.[8]

Quoting Qat¡dah, Ka`b al-A¦b¡r has reported:

ألْمَهْدِيُّ خَيْرُ النَّاسِ... مَحْبُوبُ الْخَلأئِقِ.

Al-Mahd¢ is the best of the people… the most beloved of people.[9]

Dispensing Justice

`Al¢ ibn M£s¡ al-Ri¤¡ (a.s) was asked, “O son of Allah’s Messenger! Who is the support of you Ahl al-Bayt?” The Imam said:

الرَّابِعُ مِنْ وُلْدِي… يُطَهِّرُ اللهُ بِهِ الأرْضَ مِنْ كُلِّ جَوْرٍ… فَإذَا خَرَجَ أشْرَقَتِ الأرْضُ بِنُورِهِ، وَوُضِعَ مِيزَانُ الْعَدْلِ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فَلأ يَظْلِمُ أحَدٌ أحَداً.

The fourth of my sons is. Allah will remove injustice from the earth through him. When he reappears, the earth will be illuminated with his heavenly light. He will dispense justice among people so much so that no one will do any injustice to others.[10]

Quoting his father, `Al¢ ibn `Aqabah has reported:

إذَا قَامَ الْقَائِمُ، حَكَمَ بِالْعَدْلِ وَارْتَفَعَ فِي أيَّامِهِ الْجَوْرُ... وَرَدَّ كُلَّ حَقٍّ إلَى أهْلِهِ.

When Al-Mahd¢ rises up, he will rule with justice; there will be no injustice in his time and he will restore justice to its owner.[11]

Quoting Allah’s Messenger, Imam `Al¢ has expressly said:

آخِرُهُمْ إسْمُهُ عَلَى اسْمِي. يَخْرُجُ فَيَمْلأُ الأرْضَ عَدْلاً كَمَا مُلِئَتْ جَوْراً وَظُلْماً.

The last of them (i.e. the Imams) has my names. He will reappear and fill the earth with justice when it is replete with injustice.[12]

Quoting Allah’s Messenger, Imam `Al¢ has reported:

…وَمُنَادٍ يُنَادِي: هَذَا الْمَهْدِيُّ خَلِيفَةُ اللهِ فَاتَّبِعُوهُ. يَمْلأُ الأرْضَ قِسْطاً وَعَدْلاً كَمَا مُلِئَتْ جَوْراً وَظُلْماً. وَذَلِكَ عِنْدَمَا يَصِيرُ الدُّنْيَا هَرَجاً وَمَرَجاً، وَيَغَارُ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ؛ فَلأ الْكَبِيرُ يَرْحَمُ الصَّغِيرَ وَلأ الْقَوِيُّ يَرْحَمُ الضَّعِيفَ، فَحِينَئِذٍ يَأذَنُ اللهُ لَهُ بِالْخُرُوجِ.

The herald will call: This is al-Mahd¢, Allah’s caliph. Follow him. He will make the earth replete with justice when it is filled with injustice. When chaos overwhelms the world and some attack others by night, when the grown-up have no mercy on the small ones, nor the powerful are kind to the weak, Allah will permit him to reappear.[13]


Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) has reported:

أوَّلُ مَا يُظْهِرُ الْقَائِمُ مِنَ الْعَدْلِ أنْ يُنَادِي مُنَادِيَهُ أنْ يُسَلِّمَ صَاحِبُ النَّافِلَةِ لِصَاحِبِ الْفَرِيضَةِ الْحَجَرَ الأسْوَدَ وَالطَّوَافَّ.

The first sign of al-Mahd¢’s justice is that a herald on his behalf will call: One who is performing minor °ajj should give his place to one on whom major °ajj is incumbent.[14]

There are a hundred and twenty narrations on how al-Mahd¢ will make the earth replete with justice.

Peace and Security

Imam `Al¢ (a.s) has reported:

وَلَوْ قَدْ قَامَ قَائِمُنَا... لَذَهَبَتِ الشَّحْنَاءُ مِنْ قُلُوبِ الْعِبَادِ.

When our support rises up, enmity will leave the people’s hearts.[15]

Imam al-B¡qir (a.s) has reported:

فَيَبْعَثُ الثَّلاثَمِائَةٍ وَالبِضْعَةَ رَجُلاً إلَى الآفَاقِ كُلِّهَا... حَتَّى تَخْرُجَ الْعَجُوزُ الضَّعِيفَةُ مِنْ الْمَشْرِقِ تُرِيدُ الْمَغْرِبَ فَلا يَنْهَاهَا أحَدٌ.

When three hundred and odd companions of the Imam rule across the world, a feeble old woman in the east will set off for the west in peace and security.[16]

Quoting his father, `Al¢ ibn `Aqabah has reported:

إذَا قَامَ القَائِمُ... أُمِّنَتْ بِهِ السُّبُلُ.

Should the Rising Imam rise up, all roads will become safe.[17]

Public Welfare

Imam al-B¡qir (a.s) has reported:

مَنْ أدْرَكَ قَائِمَ أهْلِ بَيْتِي مِنْ ذِي عَاهَةٍ بَرَأ وَمِنْ ذِي ضَعْفٍ قَوِيَ.

Should those who have been hurt see the support of the Ahl al-Bayt, they will be relieved; and the feeble ones who see him will become powerful.[18]

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) has reported:

إنْ قَامَ قَائِمُنَا... يَطْلُبُ الرَّجُلُ مِنْكُمْ مَنْ يَصِلُهُ بِمَالِهِ وَيَأخُذُ مِنْ زَكَاتِهِ فَلأ يُوجَدُ أحَدٌ يَقْبَلُ مِنْهُ ذَلِكَ. إسْتَغْنَى النَّاسُ بِمَا رَزَقَهُمُ اللهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ.

Should our support (al-Mahd¢) rise up, a man from among you will look for a needy person to help him and to take alms from what is incumbent to him; but he will not be able to find such a person to accept it from him; and people will become independent due to what Allah has given them out of His grace.[19]

Quoting the Holy Prophet Imam `Al¢ has reported:

يَأتِيهِ الرَّجُلُ وَالْمَالُ كُدْسٌ فَيَقُولُ: يَا مَهْدِيُّ أعْطِنِي. فَيَقُولُ: خُذْ.

Everyone goes to him with wealth accumulated beside him. He will ask al-Mahd¢, “Grant something to me.” And he will say, “Take whatever you wish.”[20]

Imam al-B¡qir (a.s) has reported:

إذَا ظَهَرَ الْقَائِمُ... يُعْطِي النَّاسَ عَطَايَا مَرَّتَيْنِ فِي السَّنَةِ وَيَرْزُقُهُمْ فِي الشَّهْرِ رِزْقَيْنِ وَيُسَوِّي بَيْنَ النَّاسِ حَتَّى لأ تَرَى مُحْتَاجاً إلَى الزَّكَاةِ. وَيَجِيءُ أصْحَابُ الزَّكَاةِ بِزَكَاتِهِمْ إلَى الْمَحَاوِيجِ مِنْ شِيعَتِهِ فَلأ يَقْبَلُونَهَا. فَيُصِرُّونَهَا وَيَدُورُونَ فِي دُورِهِمْ فَيَخْرُجُونَ إلَيْهِمْ فَيَقُولُونَ: لأ حَاجَةَ لَنَا فِي دَرَاهِمِكُمْ!

When the Rising Imam reappears, he will give away to people twice a year and he will provide people with sustenance twice a month equally so that you cannot find anyone in need of alms. Alms-payer will come to the needy followers of al-Mahd¢ but the needy will not accept their alms. Alms-money is put in a purse to be taken to the houses of the Sh¢`ites. They come out of their houses, addressing them: We are not in need of your money!

Imam al-B¡qir (a.s) has further reported:

وَيَجْتَمِعُ إلَيْهِ أمْوَالُ أهْلِ الدُّنْيَا كُلِّهَا مِنْ بَطْنِ الأرْضِ وَظَهْرِهَا، فَيُقَالُ لِلنَّاسِ: تَعَالَوا إلَى مَا قَطَعْتُمْ فِيهِ الأرْحَامَ وَسَفَكْتُمْ فِيهِ الدَّمَ الْحَرَامَ وَرَكَبْتُمْ فِيهِ الْمَحَارِمَ. فَيُعْطِي عَطَاءً لَمْ يُعْطِهِ أحَدٌ قَبْلَهُ.

All the people’s wealth, both inside and outside the earth will be accumulated for al-Mahd¢ and then they will be said: Come to what for which you became merciless and shed the blood unlawfully and for which committed sins. Here, Imam al-Mahd¢ will award to people such a grant that no one has ever awarded.

The Holy Prophet has said:

يَكُونُ فِي آخِرِ الزَّمَانِ خَلِيفَةٌ يُعْطِي الْمَالَ وَلا يَعِدُّهُ عَدّاً.

At the end of the world, there will be a caliph who will divide the wealth without counting them.[21]

Allah’s Messenger (¥) has also said:

وَيَمْلأُ اللهُ قُلُوبَ ُأمَّةِ مُحَمَّدٍ غِنَىً.

At the time of al-Mahd¢, Allah will make the hearts of the community of Mu¦ammad free from want.[22]

Removing Harms From Sh¢`ites

Imam `Al¢ ibn M£s¡ al-Ri¤¡ (a.s) has said:

(ألْمَهْدِيُّ) يَكُونُ رَحْمَةً لِلمُؤْمِنِينَ وَعَذَاباً عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ.

Al-Mahd¢ is a source of mercy for believers and punishment for the unbelievers.[23]

Imam `Al¢ ibn °usayn Zayn al-`ªbid¢n (a.s) has said:

إذَا قَامَ قَائِمُنَا أذْهَبَ اللهُ عَنْ شِيعَتِنَا الْعَاهَةَ.

When the Rising Imam rises up, Allah will remove all harms from the Sh¢`ites.[24]

Imam al-B¡qir (a.s) has said:

(نْ قَامَ قَائِمُنَا) يُوسِعُ اللهُ عَلَى شِيعَتِنَا، وَلَوْ لأ مَا يُدْرِكُهُمْ مِنَ السَّعَادَةِ لَبَغَوْا.

At the time of al-Mahd¢, Allah will improve the situation of the Sh¢`ites, for if they are not happy, they will rebel.[25]


Imam `Ali ibn al-°usayn (a.s) has said:

إذَا قَامَ الْقَائِمُ أذْهَبَ اللهُ عَنْ كُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ العَاهَةَ وَرَدَّ إلَيْهِ قُوَّتَهُ.

When our support rises up, he will remove harms from believers and restore them their power.[26]

Imam al-¯¡diq (a.s) has said:

إذَا قَامَ الْقَائِمُ جَاءَتِ الْمُزَامَلَةُ؛ وَيَأتِي الرَّجُلُ إلَى كِيسِ أخِيهِ فَيَأخُذُ حَاجَتَهُ لأ يَمْنَعُهُ.

When our support rises up, the era of concord will come about and every person takes what he needs from the purse of his brother without being prevented.[27]

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) has also said:

لَمَّا ُأسْرِيَ بِي أوْحَى إلَيَّ رَبِّي… وَبِهِ (الْمَهْدِيّ) أنْتَقِمُ مِنْ أعْدَائِي. وَهُوَ رَاحَةٌ لأِوْلِيَائِي، وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَشْفِي قُلُوبَ شِيعَتِكَ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ وَالْجَاحِدِينَ وَالكَافِرِينَ.

During the Holy Prophet’s Night Ascension, Allah said to him about al-Mahd¢: I will take revenge from enemies through him. He is the source of tranquility for My friends and it is he who will calm the Sh¢`ites feeling of revenge from oppressors and unbelievers.[28]

Promoting Intellect, knowledge and Morality

Imam al-¯¡diq (a.s) has said:

إذَا قَامَ قَائِمُنَا وَضَعَ يَدَهُ عَلَى رُؤوسِ الْعِبَادِ، فَجَمَعَ بِهِ عُقُولَهُمْ، وَأكْمَلَ بِهِ أخْلأقَهُمْ.

When our support rises up, he puts his hand on the heads of the servants whereby he promotes their wisdom and morality.[29]

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) has said:

إنَّ قَائِمَنَا إذَا قَامَ مَدَّ اللهُ لِشِيعَتِنَا فِي أسْمَاعِهِمْ وَأبْصَارِهِمْ حَتَّى لأ يَكُونَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَ الْقَائِمِ بَرِيدٌ؛ يُكَلِّمُهُمْ فَيَسْمَعُونَ وَيَنْظُرُونَ إلَيْهِ.

When our support rises up, Allah will strengthen the Sh¢`ites’ vision and hearing where by there is no need for a link between them and the standing Imam. He will speak to them while they listen and look at him.[30]

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) has also said:

ألْعِلْمُ سَبْعَةٌ وَعِشْرُونَ حَرْفاً. فَجَمِيعُ مَا جَاءَتْ بِهِ الرُّسُلُ حَرْفَانِ. فَلَمْ يَعْرِفِ النَّاسُ حَتَّى الْيَوْمَ غَيْرَ الْحَرْفَيْنِ. فَإذَا قَامَ قَائِمُنَا أخْرَجَ الْخَمْسَةَ وَالْعِشْرِينَ حَرْفاً فَبَثَّهَا فِي النَّاسِ وَضَمَّ إلَيْهَا الْحَرْفَيْنِ حَتَّى يَبُثَّهَا سَبْعَةً وَعِشْرِينَ حَرْفاً.

Knowledge has twenty-seven parts. What the prophets have brought are two parts and people do not know more than these two parts to date. When our support rises up, he will bring with him the other twenty-five parts and spread them among people so that they will become twenty-seven parts all together.[31]

Final Rule

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) has said:

إنَّ دَوْلَتَنَا آخِرُ الدُّوَلِ. وَلَمْ يَبْقَ أهْلُ بَيْتٍ لَهُمْ دَوْلَةٌ إلأ مَلَكُوا قَبْلَنَا، لِئَلأ يَقُولُوا إذَا رَأوْا سِيرَتَنَا: إذَا مَلَكْنَا سِرْنَا بِمِثْلِ سِيرَةِ هَؤُلأءِ! وَهُوَ قَوْلُ اللهِ تَعَالَى:

Our rule is the last one. No dynasty will come after our

 rule lest they will say if the rule were ours we would act like them. This is the meaning of Allah’s saying:

The good end is for those who guard against evil.[32]

How to Salute Imam al-Mahdi?

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) has said:

Should you survive as to see him, when you look at him, say:

السَّلأمُ عَلَيْكُمْ أهْلَ بَيْتِ الرَّحْمَةِ وَالنُّبُوَّةِ وَمَعْدِنَ الْعِلْمِ وَمَوْضِعَ الرِّسَالَةِ. السَّلأمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بَقِيَّةَ اللهِ فِي أرْضِهِ.

Peace be upon you, O people of the House of the Prophet and of Mercy, source of knowledge, and seat of Divine Mission. Peace be upon you, O Allah’s Remainder on the earth.

 



[1] Al-Man¡qib: 425/4.

[2] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r, 323/50, Chapter: 4, ° 17.

[3] Al-K¡f¢: 506/1, ° 3.

[4] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 354/52, ° 13.

[5] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 39/51, ° 20.

[6] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 352/52, ° 108.

[7] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 379/52, ° 187.

[8] Kam¡l al-D¢n: 118/2.

[9] `Aqd al-Durar f¢ Akhb¡r al-Munta¨ar: 152.

[10] Kam¡l al-D¢n: 371/2, Chapter: 35, ° 5

[11] Al-Irsh¡d by al-Muf¢d: 384/2.

[12] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 379/52, Chapter: 27, ° 186.

[13] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 380/52, ° 182.

[14] Al-K¡f¢: 427/4, ° 1.

[15] Al-Khi¥¡l: 626/2,  ° 10.

[16] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 341/5, ° 91.

[17] Al-Irsh¡d by al-Muf¢d: 384/2.

[18] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 335/52, ° 68.

[19] Al-Irsh¡d by al-Muf¢d: 386/2.

[20] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 379/52, ° 186.

[21] `Aqd al-Durar fi Akhb¡r al-Munta¨ar: 161.

[22] Ibid.

[23] Kam¡l al-D¢n: 376/2, ° 7.

[24] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 317/52, Chapter: 22, ° 12.

[25] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 341/52, Chapter: 27, ° 91.

[26] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 364/52, Chapter: 27, ° 138.

[27] Al-Ikhti¥¡¥: 26.

[28] Kam¡l al-D¢n: 251/1, ° 2.

[29] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 336/52, chapter: 27, ° 71.

[30] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 336/52, Chapter: 27, ° 72.

[31] Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r: 336/52, Chapter: 27, ° 73.

[32] Al-Irsh¡d by al-Muf¢d: 384/2.


source : Allameh Hussein Ansariyan
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