Thursday 28th of January 2021
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There are 3 stages of infidelity

There are 3 stages of infidelity like belief. The first stage is that if a man doubts on blame (on which are the foundation of faith) such as Allah, Rasul (s.a.w.s.), Angels, The Holy Quran and the Hereafter. Our Holy Quran states about such people in Sura Tauba Ayat no. 45.

إِنَّمَا يَسْتَأْذِنُكَ الَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَارْتَابَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ فَهُمْ فِي رَيْبِهِمْ يَتَرَدَّدُونَ

“Their hearts are in doubt, so in their doubt do they waver.”

(Surah Tauba 9:45)

The second stage of infidelity is that a man remains in doubt of these five fundamental rights. On the contrary he denied without verifying about whether it is right or wrong, Allah says in Surah Nahl ayat no. 22 that

إِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَالَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالآخِرَةِ قُلُوبُهُم مُّنكِرَةٌ وَهُم مُّسْتَكْبِرُونَ

“So (as for) those who donot in the hereafter. Their hearts are ignorant and they are proud.”

(Surah Nahl 16:22)

The third stage of infidelity hatred the truth besides having doubt and refusal from the truth and tries to destroy the truth Allah says in Surah Mujadilah Ayat no. 5.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحَادُّونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ كُبِتُوا كَمَا كُبِتَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَقَدْ أَنزَلْنَا آيَاتٍ بَيِّنَاتٍ وَلِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

“Surely those who act in opposition to Allah and His Apostle shall be laid down prostrate, and indeed We have revealed clear communications and the unbelievers shall have an abasing chastisement.”

(Surah Mujadilah 58:5)

As just as a man becomes the righteous person of the different stages of the heaven. In the way the stages of infidelity would be the same. As this stage of chastisement and the category of the hell would be same. In the three stages of infidelity, if hidden infidelity manifests, he is an infidel. If a man would be Muslim apparently and an infidel from inside, he is called infidel. In this way there are three stages of hypocrisy 1) if they show their faith outwardly but have doubt about the truth. 2) If manifests his faith, have doubt and without research the truth and deny about the truth in the heart (3) Apparently assert friendship with the truth but keep enmity in the heart. His abode will be in the lowest stage in the hell with painful chastisement.

Allah says in Surah Nisa in Ayat no. 145:

إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِي الدَّرْكِ الأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيرًا

“Surely the hypocrites are in the lowest stage of the fire.”

(Surah Nisa 4:145)

A condition of a true believer

Ishaq Bin Ammar says that he had heard this tradition from Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.). Once Hazrat Rasul-lal-lah (s.a.w.s.) saw a man in the mosque who was sleeping hanging his head down. He looked so pale and his eyes looked hollow. So Hazrat (s.a.w.s.) called by his name and asked, how have you started the morning? He said Ya Rasul-lal-lah (s.a.w.s.)! I have started my morning with confidence. Hazrat (s.a.w.s.) said every confidence has a fact. What is the fact of your confidence? He said Y Rasul-lal-lah (s.a.w.s.)! My confidence has made me very sad. I have spent the sleepless night and this my hot day (because of fasting) will pass by tolerating thirst. I am very tired with my soul and this world and has bear turned the face from all these. Up to that, that I see Allah’s empyrean is ready to check an account All are gathered and I am also among them. I see heavenly people who are absorbed in divine blessings and introducing with each other and are sitting on the throne and as if I see the people in the hell and are getting severe punishment and crying and as if see the flames of fire of the hell at this time and listening their cries.

Then The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) asked his companion. He is the man whose heart is enlightened with divine light by Allah then Hazrat (s.a.w.s.) asked him to stay in this condition as you are. That young man said Ya Rasul-lal-lah (s.a.w.s.) pray for me, as I am in your devoted servant and bear witness of Islamic law. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) prayed for him. And after a few days he went for a religious war and he martyred in the war.

(From ‘Usul al-Kafi’ book “Belief and Infidelity’ chapter the fact of Belief and faith, Hadith 2)

Both, Obligatory and Desirable

In the portion of Belief and infidelity’ there is a chapter regarding given a derogatory remark to give torment to Muslims.

The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) said – he asked Allah on the night of Me’raj, what is the status of a true believer in your sight? Allah said let whoever be my believer, we should search by such deeds that I like most, means whatever I made obligatory, should perform it. Certainly I like at least, (besides performing the obligatory) he should search my nearness through desirable works. When I like all his work, I become ears of him that he can hear with it, I become his eyes that can see with it. I become his tongue that he can speak with it. I become his hand, that he can bring all the things in his power through it. I he calls me, I answer him and if he asks something from Me, I grant him.

Apostasy of Sufis

Allamah Majlisi begins his hadith, writes that according to Shaikh Bahai that this hadith is correct. This Hadith is famous in Shias and Sunni with some minor differences. Some sentences of this hadith like that (I become his ears that he can hear with it) other Sufees and transmigrate and the devotees of allied powers take it in wrong sense. They led astray and make others misled. The wrong belief of transmigration is that (God forbid) Allah can accumulate in any thing and can transmigrate anything in Him (God forbid) In this way unification is is also a wrong belief means (God forbid) Allah unites with other things and allied with them, then (God forbid) there is no difference between Allah and things and (God forbid) every thing became God.

Allamah Majlisi says that the reasonable meanings of these expressions are available. These all are the uses of metaphorical language and these uses are common in Hadith and the Holy Quran and these are not against the faith of the true believers. Then he produced the details of the sayings of religious preceptors and his opinions. Here we narrate the narration of Shaikh bhai briefly.

“Those who have learnt a lesson”

Shaikh bhai says this high-ranking talk and hidden secrecy are the suggestion for the generous people. In such points, people think it artistic taste and its fragrance wins their heart and makes his worn out bones strong. On who adopts this why who has perform mystic exercise and devoted his life for the religious war. This kind of a man is achieved the mystic knowledge and under stands its meaning. That who do not understand these points and do not obtain the mystic knowledge from this treasure, his work is to become happy, having low ideas for the bodily pleasures. Such person is in the trial. Generally when he listens such talks, he runs a risk and generally falls down in the pit of transmigration and unification. Allah is exalted and supreme from this matter.

We are taling in such way that can be understood easily.

Fondness of Allah’s proximity

Such sentences are for showing the perfection of Allah’s proximity. These words express the sway of love of person’s inside and outsides and his hidden and apparent but Allah knows better. It is this that what we understand – I love my believers. I grant him My fellowship. He becomes friendly with Me. I keep him in the condition of sanctity. His desires and anxiety remains fully attentive in invisible world I take his all responsibility in My possession. As if I become his ear, means whatever he sees, he sees for Me only. There are many traditions available regarding the stages of belief and faith and their excellency. If anyone wants to know, can refer the book Usul al-Kafi’s chapter of Belief and Infidelity. Our intention is to remind him that belief should be of any stage and limit a true believer should not stop. On the contrary he should try to obtain all the honour of all three stages of belief.

Big symptoms of confidence

If Allah’s favour and grace on any one He grants him the light of confidence in his heart and this light spreads in his heart and all defects and evilness remove from his heart and he obtains good attributes instead of evilness.

Our Holy Quran says in Surah Furqan Ayat 70 “So these are they of whom Allah changes the evils deeds to good ones:”

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) has stated in (Safinat-ul-Behar Vol. 2 pg 534)

Belief makes him to reach on high stage. The dignity and grandeur of belief has being stated by The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.). When he was asked that Hazrat Isa Ibne Mariyam (a.s.) was walking on the water so Hazrat (s.a.w.s.) said if his belief would have more increased, he would walk on the sky. According to this book’s words the tradition of Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) has been copied out that Imam (a.s.) has stated that symptoms of belief, confidence, Allah’s will and the results of his deeds surrenders to Allah.

Hazrat Amirul Mo-mineen (a.s.) said in lack of expectation, sincerity of deeds and through myticism and fear of God shows the presence of his belief (From book of Garar and Hukm Az Lamedi)

He also states that patience and mysticism and sincerity and permission are the fruit of belief. A pure true of belief when grows in the heart its fruits are sweet and of good quality.

“Belief is the state of peace and doubt is perplexity.”

The tradition of Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) is present in Usul al-Kafi.

“Allah the Exalted has been kept the happiness and rest in the belief and this permission through His justification and has settled the sorrow and separation in the doubt and sadness.

One who is a true believer, he feels rest and comforts heartify and surrender the result of all deeds to Allah. He says it was my duty to do my work and I did it. Now it is Allah’s will whether He helps me or not through this work. Allah is Knower of every thing. If the result comes out against his will, he does not become sad and never says it would be if it were so. And this kind of a man never becomes proud if he gets the result according to his will, on the contrary he gives thanks to Allah.

Allah says in Surah Hadid in Ayat no. 22/23

مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَا إِنَّ ذَلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

“No evil befalls on the earth nor in your own souls, but it is in a book before We bring it into existence, surely that is easy to Allah.”

(Surah Hadid 57:22)

لِكَيْلَا تَأْسَوْا عَلَى مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا تَفْرَحُوا بِمَا آتَاكُمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ

“So that you may not grieve for what has escaped you, nor be exultant at what He has given you, and Allah does not love any arrogant boaster.”

source : QALBE SALEEM/Shaheede Mehraab Ayatullah-ul-Uzma Al-Haaj Sayed Abdul Husain Dastghaib Shirazi (r.a.)
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