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Sunday 25th of July 2021
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The Splendorous Birth of Fatimah

The Splendorous Birth of Fatimah

The holy prophet (P.B.U.H) used to say:
Fatima is a part of me, and the light of my eyes, the fruit of my heart, and my soul… and she is Huri (Angel) with Human qualities. 
In that year, which was the fifth year of his mission, the Prophet of Islam (P.B.U.H) was in the worst situation and isolated under the most difficult conditions.
Islam was isolated and the first few Muslims were severely under pressure.
The environment of Mecca was dark and dim as a result of idol worship, polytheism, ignorance superstitions, Arab tribal wars, the sovereignty of power, and the poverty of the masses.
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) was looking forward to the future, a bright future behind these black oppressing clouds, a future that, with regard to the ordinary, external means (at hand), was too far and probably impossible to reach.
In this same year, an important event occurred in the prophet’s life. By the command of God, he was taken on his Ascension to observe the Kingdom of the Heavens. And accordingly he was shown the magnificent signs of God in the area of the exalted heavens; so his great soul became greater and well - prepared for acceptance of a greater mission with greater hope.
From a narrative emphasized by both Sunni and Shiite, we read; the Prophet (P.B.U.H) on the night of his ascension was passing through heaven, Gabriel gave his lordship some of the fruit of the “Tooba” tree, and when the Holy Prophet (S) returned to earth, the seed of Fatimah Zahra was coagulated from that heavenly fruit (she was conceived).
It is reported that the Prophet (P.B.U.H) kissed Fatimah (S.A.) frequently; one day his wife, Aisha criticized this and said: “Why do you kiss your daughter so much!?”
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said in reply:
“Whenever I kiss Fatimah, I smell the scent of the Highest Heaven in her.” 
It was thus that this great child, from the pure extract of Heavenly fruit and a father such as the Holy Prophet (S) mother such as “Khadijah”; on the twentieth day of Jamadi al-Thani, came into the world, and the taunts and reproaches of the prophet’s opposes, that he was as they thought without a “succeeding generation”, were all made in vain. And by the contents of the Qur'anic chapter Kawthar, Fatimah Zahra (S.A.) was made the gushing spring for the continuation of the prophet’s lineage and the guiding Imams, and great blessings through the centuries and ages until Doom’s Day.
This heavenly lady had nine names each being more meaningful than the other; 1) Fatimah 2) Siddiqah 3) Tahirah 4) Mubarakah 5) Zakiyah 6) Radhiyah 7) Mardhiyah 8) Muhaddithah 9) Zahra of which each is a statement of the qualities and blessings of her blessed being.
It is enough to say that her famous name “Fatimah” contains the greatest of good tidings for the followers of her school, this being because it is from the root word - “Fatm”, meaning, being separated or taken off from Milk. According to one Hadith narrated from the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) he asked Imam Ali (A.S.): “Do you know why my daughter was named Fatimah?” Ali replied:
“Please say so.”
He said: 
“Because she and the Shiite, the followers of her school, are separated from the fires of Hell.”
From among her names the name “Zahra” also has a special luminosity and brightness; It was asked of Imam Sadiq (A.S.): 
Why do they call Fatimah “Zahra”?
He replied; Because “Zahra” means shining, and Fatimah was such that when she stood in the “Mihrab” of prayer her light was a radiance for the inhabitants of the skies (heavens), just as the light of the stars is for the inhabitants of earth (is radiant). Therefore she was given the name “Zahra”.
When “Khadijah”, who was a lady of status famous for her greatness, married the Prophet of Islam (P.B.U.H), the women of Mecca broke off their relations with her, saying; she married a poor, orphaned young man and has lowered her personal status!
This situation continued until Khadijah (S.A.) became pregnant and the fetus was none other than Fatimah Zahra.
When it came time for the birth she sent for-the women of Quraish and asked them to come to her aid in this sensitive hour full of pain and suffering, and not leave her alone. But she was confronted with this cold, painful answer: 
“You did not listen to our advice, you married the orphan of Abu Talib who has no wealth, and we will not come to your aid!”
The faithful Khadijah was greatly saddened by this ugly, meaningless message but deep in her heart the light of hope shone, that her God would not leave her alone at a time like this.
The difficult, critical moments of giving birth began; she was alone in her home, and not a woman who could aid her was there. Her heart grew heavier, and the roaring waves of the people’s unkindness tormented her pure soul.
Suddenly there shone a flash in the horizon of her soul, she opened her eyes and saw four women near her, and she became greatly worried.
One of the four women called: 
“Be not afraid, nor sad. Your kind God has sent us to your aid, we are your sisters.”
I am Sarah! And this is Asiah the wife of the pharaoh, who will be one of your friends in heaven. The other is Maryam, daughter of Omran; and this fourth that you see is the sister of Musa ibn Omran; Kolthoom!
We have come so that at this hour we may be of aid to you.
And they remained with her until Fatimah the Lady of Islam Opened her eyes to the world. 
Yes, as evidence to this:
“(As for) those who say, Our Lord is Allah, Then continue in the right way, the angels descend upon them, saying: Fear not, nor be grieved.” 
Here in addition to Angels, women of high worldly status rushed to the aid of the faithful persevering Khadijah.
The birth of this auspicious child so pleased the Prophet (P.B.U.H) that he began speaking in the praise and eulogy of God, and the tongues of the ill-wishes who called him “Abtar” were forever silenced.
God gave tidings of this blessed child to the Prophet in the Qur'anic Kawthar, saying: 
Surely we have given you the Kawthar 
Therefore pray to your Lord and make a sacrifice; surely your enemy is the one who shall be without posterity.
The Extraordinary Love of the Prophet for Zahra 
“Whenever I miss paradise, I kiss the throat of Fatimah.”
All of the historians and masters of the Hadith have written that the Prophet (P.B.U.H) had an astonishing attachment to his daughter, Fatimah.
It is certain that the Prophet’s affection was not only because of their relationship as father and child, even though this sentiment swelled the prophet’s being. The phrases and words the Prophet (P.B.U.H) spoke when he expressed his affection for his daughter Fatimah (S.A.) showed that there are other standards being propounded.
This affection is one of a kind. Love of the beloved of God is love of God.
From the many narratives that have come to us on this subject it is enough to just mention the following ones from the famous books of Shiite and Sunni;
“There is no man more loved by the Prophet (P.B.U.H) than “the commander of the Faithful” Ali (A.S.) and no women more loved than Fatimah (S.A.).” 
It is interesting that a large group of these Hadiths were reported by Aisha
when this honorable verse was revealed.
“Make not the calling of the messenger among you as your calling of one another.” 
The Muslims did not address the prophet as “O’ Muhammad” anymore, instead they said: “O’ Messenger of God.”
Fatimah (S.A.) says: 
After this verse was revealed I didn’t dare call my father as (father dear!), and when I went to him I would say, “O’ Messenger of God”.
One or two times I repeated this address.
I saw that the prophet (P.B.U.H) became upset and turned face away from me. The third time he turned to me and said:
“O’ Fatimah this verse was not revealed for you, and not for your family, and descendents. You are of me and I am of you. This was revealed in relation to the oppressors and bad-disposition, ill-mannered of Quraish.”
Then he added this surprising spirit-nurturing sentence:
“Say (father dear), for this word is more life giving for the heart and more pleasing for God” 
Yes, the soothing music of Fatimah’s “father dear” did the same thing to the prophet’s soul as a spring breeze would to the tree’s delicate blossoms.
In another Hadith it has come to us that the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) was so eager for Fatimah (S.A.) that whenever he went on a trip the last person to bid him farewell was Fatimah. And when he returned from a trip the first person to rush to see him was Fatimah.
This Hadith was also narrated by many of the narrators of Hadiths, both Shiite and Sunni; that the Prophet (P.B.U.H) said:
“Whoever harms her has harmed me and whoever angers her has made me angry;
Whoever makes her glad has made me glad, and whoever saddens her has made me sad.”
Without doubt the exalted personal identity of Fatimah (S.A.), her bright future, and the position of the faith and worship, necessitated all of this respect. This being because all of the Imams were of her offspring and she was the wife of the great man of Islam “The commander of the Faithful”, Ali (A.S.).
But the Prophet (P.B.U.H) with this action wished to make the people understand another fact, and to make clear the perspective of Islam on another basis, creating a revolution in thought and culture, saying:
“A girl is not a creature that should be buried alive.
See, I kiss my daughter’s hand, I seat her in my place and grant her so much respect and greatness.”
A girl is a human being, just as all other human beings. She is a blessing of God’s blessings. She is a godly affection.
A girl may, just as a boy, traverse the degrees of perfection and find her way to the limits of God’s esteem.
And in this way the collapsed worth of women in that dark environment was restored.
Fatimah (P.B.U.H) at Her Father’s Side
The holy prophet (P.B.U.H) said:
“The first person to come to me in Heaven is Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad.”
At the time when the Muslims were spending their readiness period in Mecca, their living environment was severely stormy, and the conditions were extremely critical.
It was the beginning of Islam and the Muslims were in strict minority, while all of the power, might, wealth, and sovereignty was in the hands of the ruthless; irrational enemies of Islam, and they did whatever they wished to do.
There was no form of torment that was not brought upon the Muslims, while there was no boldness or insult that they didn’t allow in respect to the exalted position of the prophet.
At this time there were two people who devoted themselves and showed great generosity;
From among the women was “Khadijah” who dressed the wounds of the prophet’s with her self - sacrificing, her affection and pleasantness, her sympathy and compassion.
The other was “Abu Talib” the great father of “the Commander of the Faithful” Ali (A.S.), who had much respect and influence among the people of Mecca and was possessed of extraordinary intelligence, prudence, and wit; he made himself a powerful shield before the Prophet (S) and was the kind friend, helper and protector of the Prophet.
But it is extremely regretful that these two self- sacrificing friends, and two great personalities and generous human beings, in the tenth year of the prophet’s mission, within a short period of time closed their eyes to the world, making the Prophet (S) mournful in their deaths.
And in this respect, the Messenger of God remained alone. The extremity of the prophet’s sorrow in the morning of these two personalities, both of whom played a considerable part in the progress of Islam, becomes clear for us in that the year of their death was named “Am-ul-Hozn” meaning “the year of sorrow and grief”.
But since God replaces the blessings that he gives his preferred servants with other blessings. Each of these two great persons left a child as a memorial, who exactly filled their places.
Ali (A.S.) just as his father was the friend and helper, protector (supporter) and defender of the Prophet (P.B.U.H), he was also previously such helper; but, after Abu Talib, he filled his empty place.
And “Khadijah” left her daughter “Fatimah” as a memorial, a girl who was kind, generous, brave and self - sacrificing and who was always at the side of her “father”, cleaning away the dust and dirt of suffering and hardship from the pure heart of her father. 
“The commander of the Faithful” Ali (A.S.) according to well known Hadith had not aged more than five years in her blessed life. It is interesting here to note that both lived in the house of the prophet. And were his companions in his hours of loneliness.
There were still three years left before the Hijra, three years full of unpleasant incidents and severe storms of life, full of suffering and weariness, persecutions and contempt and the continued efforts of the enemy for the elimination of Islam and the Muslims. 
Sometimes a hard-hearted enemy would throw dirt or ashes on the head of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) when he returned home Fatimah would clean away the dirt or ashes from his head and face while tears filled her eyes. The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) would then say: 
“My daughter, don’t be sad and don’t shed tears, God is the Protector and Guardian of your father!” 
Sometimes enemies would gather at the Stone of Ismail and swear to the idols that wherever they find “Mohammad” they will kill him.
Fatimah (S.A.) would hear of this and inform her father so that he would be more careful.
And this shows us that not only inside the home but also outside, Fatimah (S.A.) thought of her father’s defense and salutation.
In one of these very years, Abu Jahl encouraged a group of Makkan ruffians to throw the paunch of a sheep on the Prophets head while he was bowing in prayer at the “Masjid al-Haram”. When this was done, Abu Jahl and his companions began laughing, ridiculing and mocking the Prophet. 
Some of the Prophet’s supporters saw this scene but the ruthless enemy was so prepared that they did not have the power for defense. When this news reached the ears of his little girl Fatimah (S.A.), she rushed to the “Masjid al-Haram” and took the paunch and with bravery particular to her, punished Abu Jahl and his supporters with the sword of her tongue, and cursed them.
Yes, in that place where some of the courageous men did not have the nerve of defending the Prophet (P.B.U.H); this brave young girl was present and went to the defense of her father.
This period of time, whatever it was, passed. The Holy Prophet (S) set out on his Hijra to Medina. Fatimah (S.A.) must be temporally separated from her father, remaining at home alone until the time that permission for Hijra would be given to her. This all happened when she was not more than eight years old. But just as Ali (A.S.) in the critical, sensitive moments of the Hijra slept in the bed of the prophet, thus passed his test in self - sacrifice and generosity, putting his body in exposure to the swords of the enemy, Fatimah (S.A.) also without complaint or impatience announced her readiness to accept this new mission. 
But the period of her separation couldn’t be too lengthy, and she must always stay at her father's side, and in the environment of Medina just as in Mecca, continue her defense, and wash away the dust and dirt of sadness and difficult incidents from the sparkling heart of her father. Therefore, after a few days in company of Fatimah bint Omais and another Fatimah of Bani Hashem, accompanied by Ali (A.S.) she came to Medina. 
Fatimah (S.A.) not only on normal days (even though the Prophet (S) had very few of these days), but even on stormy days of war in the range of tasks that she was commissioned to perform, defended the holy Prophet (P.B.U.H).
When the war of Uhud came to an end and the enemy troops had just left the scene, while the prophet (P.B.U.H), with an injured forehead and a broken tooth, was still in the field, Fatimah (S.A.) rushed quickly to Uhud and, even though she was still a young girl of a few years of age, she traversed the distance from Medina to Uhud on foot and with great eagerness. She washed her father’s face with water, cleaning his countenance of blood, but the wound on his forehead was still bleeding. 
She burned a piece of mat and poured the ashes on the wound and stopped the bleeding. What is even more surprising is that, for the conflict that occurred the following day, she prepared arms for her father
In the war of Ahzab, which was one of the most painful of the Islamic wars with the infidels, and during the events of the conquest of Mecca on the day that the victorious Islamic Army, with the necessary precautions, took the last fortification of polytheism from the Polytheists, cleansing the House of God of the contamination of the existence of idols. We again see that on both, occasions Fatimah (S.A.) was at her father’s side. During the war of Ahzab, she came to the trench and prepared a simple meal that was nothing more than a loaf of bread for the Prophet (S) who had remained hungry for several days. And at the time of the conquest of Mecca, she put up his tent and prepared the water for his ablutions, so that he could wash the dust and dirt from body, put on clean clothes, and proceed to the “Masjid al-Haram”.
A Marriage Made in Heaven 
The extraordinary virtues of Fatimah on one side, and on the other side, her blood relations with the Prophet (P.B.U.H) and still on another side, the nobility of her family, caused many of the high - ranking supporters of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) to propose to her; but all heard negative answers.
The interesting point here being that the Prophet (S) would usually answer them, saying: “Her matter is in the hands of her Lord.”
The strangest case was the proposal of “Abdul Rahman Ibne Awf”, that rich man who, by the customs of Age of Ignorance, looked at everything through the material viewing window, visualizing a heavy dowry as the sign of a woman’s personal status and the superior position of the husband.
He came to see the Prophet (P.B.U.H), saying:
“If you will give Fatimah to me in marriage, I will make her a dower of one hundred camels with loads of precious material from Egypt along with 10000 Dinars in gold!” 
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) was so enraged by this meaningless proposal that he took a handful of gravel and threw it towards Abdul Rahman and said: “You thought that I was a servant of money and wealth that you are expressing pride in your money and wealth.” 
Yes, in Fatimah’s marriage proposal, Islamic examples must be defined, the customs of ignorance suppressed, and the standards of Islamic values made clear.
The people were speaking of these very things when suddenly everywhere it was heard that the prophet (P.B.U.H) wished to give his only daughter to Ali ibn Abi Talib (A.S.) in marriage. Ali ibn Talib (A.S.) who was in accessed to worldly wealth and possessions, and possessed none of the standards of the Age of Ignorance, but was instead from head to toe full of faith and real Islamic values.
When they investigated this, it became clear that the indicator I guide of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) in this blessed historical marriage was a heavenly revelation, because he said himself:
“An Angel of God came to me and said; God sends you greetings and says that in heaven I have made Fatimah the wife of Ali ibn Abi Talib. You also marry her to Ali on earth.” 
When Ali (A.S.) came for his marriage proposal of Fatimah (S.A.), his face was red with shyness. When the Prophet (P.B.U.H) saw him, he became cheerful and smiling saying, for what have you come to me?
But Ali (A.S.), because of the imposing presence of the Prophet (S), could not put forth his wish, and as such remained silent.
The Prophet (P.B.U.H), who was informed of Ali's inner self, said:
“Maybe you have come for marriage proposal of Fatimah?”
He replied: “Yes, I have come for that very purpose.”
The Prophet said: “Ali before you, other Men had come for proposal of Fatimah. Whenever I informed Fatimah of this matter, she would not show her approval. Right now, let me inform her of this conversation.”
It is true that the marriage was heavenly and must take place. But especially, the personal status of Fatimah (S.A.) and, generally, the respect and freedom of women in choosing their husbands, made it necessary that the Prophet of Islam should not go ahead in this matter without the consent of Fatimah.
When the Prophet described the virtues of Ali (A.S.) for his daughter saying:
“I wish to make you the wife of the best of God’s creation. What is your opinion?”
Fatimah, who was submerged in shyness and modesty, lowered her head saying nothing and making no denial.
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) raised his head and spoke this historical sentence, which is a document for Islamic Jurisprudents in relation to the Marriage of previously unmarried girls:
“God is the Greatest. Her silence is the proof of her agreement.”
And, following these events, the marriage contract was concluded by the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H).
Fatimah (S.A.) the Loyal wife of Ali
“In the event that Ali would not have been created, there would have been no one worthy to be Fatimah’s (S.A.) spouse.”


source : www.aqr.ir
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