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Takbīr in Islamic culture -2

The Prophet () said, “Let us go to the mosque.” When they arrived, they saw a beggar who was glad because Hadrat ‘Alī (‘a) while in the state of rukū in prayer had given him his ring. At that moment the Prophet () recited takbīr.[1]

17. Recital of takbīr at the time of entering into the holy shrines of the infallible Imāms has been enjoined. Similarly, before reading Ziyārat Jāmi‘ah, we recite 100 takbīrs in three stages. According to the late Majlisī, the reason for all these takbīrs is perhaps for us not to indulge in extremism [ghuluww] with regard to the Imāms (‘a) as described in the sentences contained in the Ziyārat Jāmi‘ah.[2]

18. In his judgments, whenever Hadrat ‘Alī (‘a) identified the criminal, he would recite takbīr.[3]

19. Maytham at-Tammār was hung at the order of ‘Ubayd Allāh ibn Ziyād and then attacked with spears for the crime of siding with Hadrat ‘Alī (‘a). At the moment of his martyrdom, he was reciting takbīr while the blood flowed from his mouth.[4]

20. During the ascension [mi‘rāj], the Prophet recited takbīr at every heaven he passed by.[5]

21. Jibra’īl (Archangel Gabriel) (‘a) was beside the Prophet () when Hadrat ‘Alī (‘a) came in. Jibra’īl (‘a) said: “O Muhammad! By God who appointed you as the Prophet! Compared to the dwellers of the earth, the inhabitants of the heavens are better and more familiar with this ‘Alī. Whenever he recites takbīr in the battles, we angels recite it along with him.”[6]

22. During the Battle of Khaybar, when the Muslims entered the fortress, they recited the takbīr so much that the Jews had to flee.[7]

[1] Biār al-Anwār, vol. 35, p. 183.

[2] Biār al-Anwār, vol. 16, p. 99.

[3] Biār al-Anwār, vol. 40, p. 260.

[4] Biār al-Anwār, vol. 42, p. 125.

[5] Biār al-Anwār, vol. 86, p. 207.

[6] Biār al-Anwār, vol. 39, p. 98.

[7] Payāmbarī va ukūmat [Prophethood and Governance], p. 136.

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