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If the Shī‘ah are right, then why are they in the minority and why do most Muslims in the world not recognize them (as Muslims)?

If the Shī‘ah are right, then why are they in the minority and why do most Muslims in the world not recognize them (as Muslims)?





Reply: Recognition of truth from falsehood is not determined by the fewness or plentitude of followers. Today the Muslims compared to the non-Muslims in the world constitute one-fifth or one-sixth. Idol-worshippers, cow-worshippers and all those who do not believe in the supernatural constitute the bulk of people in the Near East.

With a population of more than one billion, China is part of the atheistic camp of communism, and in India, which has a population of about one-billion the cow-worshippers and idol-worshippers are in the majority. 

Majority is not the criterion of soundness. The Glorious Qur’an often disapproves majorities and praises some minorities. Here are some examples:

شَاكِرِينَ أَكْثَرَهُمْ تَجِدَ وَلا ﴿

“And You will not find most of them to be grateful.”[1]

يَعْلَمُونَ لا أَكْثَرَهُمْ وَلكِنَّ الْمُتَّقُونَ اِلاّ أَوْلِيَاؤُهُ إِنْ ﴿

“Its custodians are only the God-wary, but most of them do not know.”[2]

الشَّكُورُ عِبادِىَ مِّنْ وَقَلِيلٌ ﴿

“And few of My servants are grateful.”[3]

Therefore, a realistic person should by no means fear for the fewness of the followers of his creed nor take pride in their plentitude. One would rather light the lamp of one’s reason and take benefit from its light and radiance.

Once a man asked the Commander of the Faithful ‘Alī (‘a): “How could it be that your opponents in the Battle of Jamal, who are relatively in majority, be false?

The Imām (‘a) said:

الحقّ إعرف الرجال، بأقدار لايعرفان الباطل و الحقّ إنّ

“.أهله تعرف الباطل إعرف أهله تعرف

“Truth and falsehood are not recognized through the number of men. If you know the truth you can know its followers and if you know falsehood you can know its followers.”

It is necessary for every Muslim to analyze this question in a scientific and logical manner, and take the following verse as a lamp to illuminate his or her path: عِلْمٌ بِهِ لَكَ لَيسَ ما تَقْفُ وَلا ﴿ “Do not follow that of which you have no knowledge.”[4]

In addition, although the Shī‘ah cannot match the Ahl as-Sunnah in number, if a precise counting is made, we will see that the Shī‘ah constitute one-fourth of the Muslim population in the world, living in the Muslim-populated parts of the world.[5] There have been famous writers, scholars and authors of literary works and treatises from among the Shī‘ah throughout history. It is worth noticing that the founders of Islamic sciences have been mostly Shī‘ah, among whom are:

·         Abū’l-Aswad Da’ilī, the founder of Arabic syntax [‘ilm an-naū];

·         Khalīl ibn Ahmad, the founder of Arabic prosody [‘ilm al-‘arū];

·         Mu‘ādh ibn Muslim ibn Abī Sārah al-Kūfī, the founder of the Arabic etymology [‘ilm a-arf]; and

·         Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muhammad ibn ‘Umrān Kātib Khorāsānī (Marzbānī), one of the forerunners of Arabic eloquence [‘ilm al-balāghah].[6]

For more information about the number of the works written by Shī‘ah ‘ulamā’ and scholars which are too many to count, one may see the valuable book, Adh-Dharī‘ah ilā Taānīf ash-Shī‘ah, and for familiarity with great Shī‘ah figures, one may read A‘yān ash-Shī‘ah, and Tārīkh ash-Shī‘ah for familiarity with the history of the Shī‘ah

[1] Sūrah al-A‘rāf 7:17.

[2] Sūrah al-Anfāl 8:34.

[3] Sūrah Saba’ 34:13.

[4] Sūrah al-Isrā’ (or Banī Isrā’īl) 17:36.

[5] For a detailed explanation, see A‘yān ash-Shī‘ah, vol. 1, bāb 12, p. 194.

[6] In this regard, one may refer to Ta’sīs ash-Shī‘ah by Sayyid Hasan aṣ-Ṣadr.

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