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Tuesday 24th of May 2022
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“But Allah is the best Keeper, and He is the Most Merciful of the merciful ones. (The Holy Quran; 12:64)”

Imam Sajjad used to say:

 

مَا أُبالِي إِذا قُلتُ هذهِ الكلِماتِ لَو اجتَمَعَ عَلَيَّ الإنسُ والجِنُّ.

 

“When I recite these words (of supplication), I am not afraid of anything even if jinn and men are banded together against me.”[83]

 

These words are:

 

“In the Name of Allah, with Allah, from Allah, to Allah, and for the sake of Allah. O Allah, to You I have yielded myself, to You I have turned my face, and to You I have submitted all my affairs; so, guard me with the guard of faith from ahead of me, from beyond me, from my right side, from my left side, from above me, and from beneath me. And protect me with Your power and might—surely, all power and might belong to You alone. You are the Most High, the Most Great.”

 

CHOOSING A CO-TRAVELER

 

Another important point to be observed is to choose a co-traveler in this spiritual journey. In the same way that any cause of preoccupation in this journey is harmful, any cause of remembrance of God, attention to the philosophy of Hajj, and a spiritual state is extremely useful for a pilgrim. Hence, he must choose a co-traveler who is truly reminder of God and keeps him in a permanent spiritual state. A pilgrim should refuse to associate with those who, during this spiritual journey, which might happen only once a lifetime, think of eating, sleeping, and joking all the time. A pilgrim should stop complaining about the quantity and quality of the food as well as spending time in shopping.

 

اِنتَهزوا الفُرصَ فإِنها تمرُّ مَرَّ السّحابِ

 

“Seize the opportunities, for they are like transient clouds.”[84]

 

GOOD TEMPERAMENT

 

وأَحسِنِ الصُّحبَةَ

 

“Keep good company.”[85]

 

Good temperament is recommended but during Hajj, it is more praiseworthy, for the journey is towards God and all pilgrims are God’s guests. To honor the guests is to honor the host. Imam Sadiq (a.s) says:

 

إنَّ الخُلُقَ الحَسَنَ يُميثُ الخَطيئَةَ كما تُميثُ الشّمسُ الجَليدَ

 

“Good temperament diminishes the sins in the same way as the sun thaws ice.”[86]

 

Having good temperament means not only to avoid nuisance to anyone but also to tolerate other people’s bad behaviors and to serve them with respect. A pilgrim should be careful not to utter an indecent word. He should know that whatever he does is for the sake of God. Only then all hardships will be easy for him to tolerate.       



Notes:

[79] See Misbah ul-Shariah; chapter 21

[80] See Misbah ul-Shariah; chapter 21

[81] See Misbah ul-Shariah; chapter 21

[82] See Nahjul Balagha; maxim 77

[83] See Taraa’if ul-Hikam; Vol. 2

[84] See Safinatol-Bihar, Vol. 2

[85] See Misbah ul-Shariah; chapter 21

[86] See al-Mahajjatol Beizaa; vol. 3

 Halting Places


 

HALTING PLACE I: MIQAT

 

The Miqat is the place of getting into the state of Ihram in Umrah and Tamattu’. The following five places serve as Miqat:

 

Masjid ash-Shajarah (also known as Thu’l-Hulayfah) is the Miqat for people of Medina who intend to go to Mecca.

 

Juhafah is the Miqat for those who head for Mecca through Damascus and Egypt.

 

Al-Aqiq is the Miqat for those who go to Mecca from Najd and Iraq.

 

Yalamlam is the Miqat for those who go to Mecca from Yemen.

 

Qarn al-Manaazil is the Miqat for people who go on Hajj through Ta’if.

 

All those who head for God’s House have to stop in the Miqat, take off their ordinary clothes, put on Ihram, and go to the Sacred Mosque while saying, ‘Labbayk’.

 

The Miqat is a station where a pilgrim waits for permission to enter God’s House and purification from all pollutions. Hence, performing Ghusl (ritual washing of the body) before putting on Ihram is a praiseworthy act for a pilgrim. After performing Ghusl, men wrap themselves with two pieces of unstitched white clothes instead of elegant clothes, which make people distinct from one another. They look like dead people in shroud, detached from the world and entering the realm of submission. A pilgrim takes off the robe of disobedience and puts on the garment of piety, prepared for saying:

 

لَبَّيْكَ اللّهُمَّ لَبّيكَ، لَبّيكَ لا شريكَ لكَ لبّيكَ، إنّ الحَمدَ والنّعمَةَ لكَ والمُلكَ، لا شَريكَ لكَ لَبّيكَ.

 

“Yes, here I am, O Lord, here I am. Here I am, there is no partner for You, here I am. Surely, praise, grace, and kingship are Yours. There is no partner for you. Here I am.”

 

When a pilgrim gets into the state of Ihram, he enters into a sanctuary and is entitled to a special position, which he should really appreciate. For this reason, the prophets and Imams (a.s) looked pale, trembled, and in some cases became unconscious in the state of Ihram and in saying Labbayk.

 

Talbiyah (saying Labbayk) is the special words pronounced by the pilgrims of God’s House. It is a song of love chanted by the bird of Paradise in response to a heavenly and invisible call. Repetition of Talbiyah is a praiseworthy act of Ihram and a motto for Muhrim (one in state of Ihram).

 

إنّ رسولَ اللهِ صَلّى اللهُ عليهِ وآلِهِ لمّا أَحرَمَ أتاهُ جِبرئِيلُ عليهِ السلامُ فقالَ لهُ: مُرْ أصحَابَكَ بالعَجِّ والثَّجِّ – والعجُّ رفعُ الصّوتِ بالتّلبِيةِ، والثجُّ نحرُ البُدنِ.

 

“When the Messenger of Allah became Muhrim, Archangel Gabriel came to him saying: Tell your companions to say ‘Labbayk’ and sacrifice a camel.”[87]

 

The Holy Prophet (saw) is quoted by Imam Baqir (a.s) as saying:

 

مَن لَبَّى في إِحرامِهِ سَبعِينَ مَرَّةً إِيماناً واحْتِساباً أَشْهَدَ اللهُ ألْفَ ألفِ مَلَكٍ بِبرائَةٍ مَن النّارِ وبَرائَةٍ مِن النّفاقِ

 

“Whoever says Labbayk for seventy times out of faith and devotion, Allah will assign thousands of angels to witness him immunity from the Fire (of Hell) and schism.”[88]

 

The Talbiyah of Imam Sadiq (a.s) was as follows:

 

لَبَّيْكَ اللّهُمَّ لَبّيكَ، لَبّيكَ لا شريكَ لكَ لبّيكَ، إنّ الحَمدَ والنّعمَةَ لكَ والمُلكَ، لا شَريكَ لكَ لَبّيكَ، ذا المَعارِجِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ، داعِياً إلى دارِ السّلامِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ، غَفَّارَ الذّنوبِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ، أهلَ التّلبِيةِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ، ذا الجَلالِ والإكْرامِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ، مرهوباً ومرغوباً إليك لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ، تُبدئُ والمَعادُ إليكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ، كَشّافَ الكُرَبِ العِظامِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ، عبدُكَ وابن عَبدَيكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ

 

“Yes, here I am, O Lord, here I am. Here I am, there is no partner for You, here I am. Surely, praise and blessings belong to You and the kingdom, too. There is no partner for You, here I am. The Lord of the ways of Ascent, her I am, here I am. You call to the dwelling of peace, here I am, here I am. O Forgiver of sins, here I am, here I am. You are the worthiest of being answered, here I am, here I am. Lord of Glory and Honor, here I am, her I am. I am coming towards You fearfully and willingly, here I am, here I am. You are the Beginner and all the returns are towards You, here I am, here I am. Remover of all sorrows, here I am, here I am. I am Your servant and the son of Your two servants, here I am, her I am. O Generous One, here I am.”[89]

 

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