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Thursday 26th of May 2022
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ETRAT IMAM HOSSEIN

ETRAT IMAM HOSSEIN

1 - How can a thing the existance of which is dependent on you be taken as a proof
for your existance ?
Is there anything more evident than your " self " disclose you ?
Are you hidden to need a guide to find you? Surely you are not .
Are you far-away to need your footprints to find you ? Surely you are not !
Blind may the eyes be which do not see you watching and guarding your " self "
(Arafa prayer ; Biharol Anwar , Vol . 98 , P. 226)

 

2 - He who has you , has everything , and he who has deprived himself of you
is the poorest in the world .
Loser is the one who chooses and be content with anyone or anything other
than you .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 98 , P . 228)

 

3 - Never will be salvaged the people who win the consent of the creature
at the cost of the dissatisfaction of the creator .
(Maktal Khawarazmi , Vol . 1 , P . 239)

 

4 - No one will feel secured on the Resurrection Day except those who feared
God in this world .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 44 , P . 192)

 

5 - The Almighty God said :
" The believing men and the believing women , they are guardians of each
other , enjoin good and forbid evil ... "
God attaches primary importance to enjoining good and forbidding evil " as
a duty for men and women . For he knows that if it were fulfilled all the other
duties , easy or hard , will be accomplished . That is because " enjoining
good and forbidding evil " is a call for Islam , it regains the rights
of the oppressed and opposes tyrants .
(Tohafol Okool , P . 237)

 

6 - O' people , the Messenger of God said : Whoever sees an aggressive
tyrant legalizes the forbiddens of God , breeches divine laws , opposes
 the tradition of the Prophet , oppresses the worshippers of God , but does
not concede his opposition to God in word or in deed , surely Allah will
place that tyrant ( in the Hell ) where he deserves .
(Maktal Khawarazmi , Vol . 1 , P . 234)

 

7 - People are slaves to the world , and as long as they live favorable and
comfortable lives , they are loyal to religious principles . However , at hard
times , the times of trials , true religious people are scarce .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 78 , P . 117)

 

8 - One who pursues a goal through sinful ways , will ironically distance himself
from that goal , and will approach what he was afraid of .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 78 , P . 120)

 

9 - Don't you see that the right is not conveyed and the wrong is not prohibited .
Let belivers wish to die and righteously meet their God .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 78 , P . 117)

 

10 - To me , death is nothing but happiness, and living under tyrants nothing but
living in a hell .
(Tohafol Okool , P . 245)

 

11 - Your difficulties are worse than others , because you were deprived of the
rank of the scholars - considering your legitimacy and merit -
( These difficulties are ) because administering the affairs of the society
and conveying the ( religious ) rules must be done by scholars who truly
believe in God and know what is permitted and what is forbidden by God .
But you were deprived from this position and rank for you withdrew from
( supporting ) the truth . You changed the tradition of the prophet ,
despite the clear and disclosed proofs .
If you had withstood and were patient against the torture and annoyance ( of
the tyrants ) for the sake of God , then the divine affairs would have stayed
in your hands , and you were the ones to whom would be referred .
But you made the tyrants dominant on you and left the divine affairs in their
hands, while they shamelessly do the forbidden and notoriously live a
licentious life . Your ( fear ) from death and attachment to this world have
encouraged the tyrants to establish dominance over you .
(Tohafol Okool , P . 238)

 

12 - O' God! Surely you know that whatever we did was not a competition
to gain worldly positions and not for the worthless physical attractions
of the world .
But to show the signs of religious ways and to remove corruption from your
lands , so that the oppressed feel secured and act according to your traditions
and rules .
(Tohafol Okool , P . 239)

 

13 - I never revolted in vain , as a rebel or as a tyrant , but I rose seeking
reformation for the nation of my grandfather Mohammad . I intend to enjoin
good and forbid evil , to act according to the traditions of my grandfather ,
and my father Ali Ibn Abi-Talib .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 44 , P . 329)

 

14 - If the world is counted valuable ; surely the house of God's rewards is
higher and more worthy .
If bodies were created for death ; surely being killed with swords in the way
of God is a more honorable death .
If the share of daily sustenance , of each creature is provided by the creator ,
surely it is not descent for man to be greedy for gaining and eating too much .
If wealth is amassed for one day to be left .
then why a free man becomes so miser on something he has to leave .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 44 , P . 374)

 

15 - If you don't believe in any relegion and don't fear the Resurrection Day , at
least be free in this world .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 45 , P . 51)

 

16 - Those who worship God for the hope of gaining , they're not real worshippers ,
they're merchants .
Those who worship God out of fear ( of punishment ) , they're slaves .
And those who worship God to be grateful towards their creator , they are
the free pople , and their worship is a real one .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 78 , P . 117)

 

17 - Beware that the need of people to you is among the blessings of God
to you . So do not scare away the needy people when they come to you , as the
God's blessings will return and go elsewhere .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 78 , P . 121)

 

18 - O' people take a lesson from the advice that God gave to His true believers ,
among which reproaching the Jewish scholars where he said :
" Why do Jewish scholars not prohibit their people from saying sinful words ? "
and also ( the Almighty ) said :
" Those who turned into atheists, from among the descendants of Israel, were
cursed " ... his Almighty added :
" certainly evil was that which they did . "
Surely the God criticized them for they turned a blind eye to what they saw of
evil and corruption from the tyrants of their time out of greed or fear .
The Almighty God says : " Do not fear people , rather, fear Me ! "
The Almighty said : " The believing men and the believing women , they are
guardians of each other ; they enjoin good and forbid evil . "
(Tohafol okool , P . 237)

 

19 - Whoever seeks the satisfaction of people through disobedience of God ;
Then God subjects him to people .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 78 , P . 126)

 

20 - Avoid oppressing the one who does not have any supporter against you ,
other than the Almighty God .
(Biharol Anwar , Vol . 78 , P . 118)

AL-Husayn Ibn Ali

 

  IN THE house of the Holy Prophet, which presented the best image of both the worlds - the heaven and the earth - a child who benefited humanity as if he was Divine Impression reflecting the earth, was bron on one of the nights of the month of Shaban. His father was Imam Ali, the best model of kindness towards his friends and the bravest against the enemies of Islam, and his mother was Hadrat Fatimah, the only daughter and child of the Holy rophet who had as universally acknowledged, inherited the qualities of her father.
Imam Husayn, is the third Apostolic Imam. When the good news of his birth reached the Holy Prophet, he came to his daughter's house, took the newly-born child in his arms, recited adham and iqamah in his right and left ears respectively, and on the 7th day of his birth, after performing the rites of aqiqah, named him al-Husayn, in compliance with Allah's command.
Hasan and husayn, the two sons of the Holy Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib and Hadrat Fatimah,our Lady of Light, were respected and revered as the "Leaders of the Youths of Paradise" as stated by the Holy Prophet.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace be on him and his progeny, had openly prophesied that the faith of Islam would be rescued by his second grandson Husayn, when Yazid, son of Muawiayh, would endeavour to destroy it.Yazid was known for his devilish character and brutish conduct. He was known as the most licentious of men. The people having known and understood the character of Yazid, fromed a covenant by which Muawiyah could not appoint Yazid as his successor. This undertaking was given by Muawiyah to Imam Hasan from whom Muawiyah had snatched power. Muawiyah violated this undertaking and nominated Yazid who succeded his father.
Immediately as he came to power, Yazid began acting in full accordance with his known character. He started interfering in the fundamentals of the faith and practised every vice and wickedness freely with the highest degree of impunity and yet held himself out as the successor of the Holy Prophet, demanding allegiance to himself as the leading guide of the faith. Paying allegiance to Yazid was nothing short of acknowledging the devil as God. If a divine personality like the Holy Imam Husayn had agreed to his authority, it would be actually recommending the divil to humanity in place of God. Yazid demanded alleginace from the Holy Imam Husayn, who could have never agreed to it at any cost. The people fearing death and destruction at the hands of the tyrant had yielded to him out of fear. Imam Husayn said that come whatever may, he would never yield to the devil in place of God and undo what his grandfather, the Holy Prophet had established.
The refusal of the Holy Imam to pay allegiance to this fiend, marked the start of the persecution of the Holy Imam. as a result he had retired to Medina where he led a secluded life. Even here he was not allowed to live in peace,and was forced to seek refuge in mecca where also he was badly harassed, and Yazid plotted to murder him in the very precincts of the great sanctuary of Kabah.
The people of kufah getting tired of the tyrannic and satanic rule of Yazid,had written innumerable letters and sent emissaries to Imam Husayn to come over and give them guidance in faith. Although Imam Husayn knew the ultimate end of the invitations, he as the divinely chosen Imam could not refuse to give the guidance sought for. When the Holy Imam with his entourage had reached Karbala,his horse mysteriously stopped and would not move any further. Upon this the Holy Imam declared: "This is the land , the land of sufferings and tortures."
He alighted from his horse, and ordered his followers to encamp there saying:"Here shall we be martyred and our childern be killed. Here shall our tents be burned and our family arrested. This is the land about which my grandfather the Holy Prophet had foretold, and his prophecy will certainly be fulfilled."
On the 7th Muharram water supply to the Imam's camp was cut and he torture of thirst and hunger started. The Holy Imam's camp consisted of ladies, innocent chidlren including babies and some male members of the Holy Prophet's family;along with a samll band of some faithful friends of Imam Husayn who had chosen to die with the Holy Imam, fighting against the devil for the cause of Allah.

 

The Day of Ashura ( 10th of Muharram ):

 

  At dawn the Imam glanced over the army of Yazid and saw Umar ibn sad ordering his forces to march towards him. He gathered his followers and addressed them thus:" Allah has, this day, permitted us for our martyrdom. So Perpare yourselves to fight against the enemies of Islam with patience and resistance. O sons of the noble and self - respecting persons, be patient! Death is nothing but a bridge which you must cross ater facing trials and tribulations so as to reach Heaven and its joys. Which of you do not like to go from this prison (world) to the lofty palaces (Paradise)?" Having heard the Imam's address, All his companions were overwhelmed and cried out ," O our Master! We are all ready to defend you and your Ahlu l-bayt, and to sacrifice our lives for the cause of Islam." Imam Husayn sent out from his camp one after another to fight and sacrifice their lives in the way of the Lord. Lastly, when all his men and children had laid down their lives, Imam Husayn brought his six- month old baby son Ali al-Asghar, and offering him on his own hands, demanded some water for the baby,dying of thirst. The thirst of the baby was quenched by a deadly poisoned arrow from the brute's forces, which pinned the baby's neck to the arm of the helpless father. At last when the six-month old baby also was killed, Imam Husayn Addressed Allah: "O Lord! Thy Husayn has offered in Thy way whatever Thou hath blessed him with.
Bless Thy Husayn, O Lord! with the acceptance of this sacrifice. Every thing Husayn could do till now was through Thy help and by Thy Grace." Lastly Imam Husayn came into the field and was killed, the details of which merciless slaughter are heart rending. the forces of Yazid having killed Imam Husayn, cut and severed his head from his body and raised it on a lance. The severed head of the Holy Imam beagn glorifying Allah from the point of the lance saying,` Allahu Akbar'. "All glory be to Allah Who is the Greatest!" After the wholesale, merciless and most brutal slaughter of the Holy Imam with his faithful band, the helpless ladies and children along with the ailing son of Imam Husayn, Imam Ali Zaynu l - Abidin, were taken captives.

 

Some Sayings of the Holy Prophet During his Lifetime with Reference to Imam Husayn:

 

1. Hasan and Husayn are the leaders of the Youths of Paradise.
2. Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn , Allah befriends those who befriend Husayn and He is the enemy of those who bear enmity to him.
3. Whoever wishes to see such a person who lives on earth but whose dignity is honoured by the Heaven dwellers, should see my grandson Husayn.
4. O my son! thy flesh is my flesh and thy blood is my blood, thou art a leader , the son of a leader and the brother of a leader; thou art a spiritual guide, the son of a spiritual guide and the brother of a spiritual guide; thou art an Apostolical Imam , the son of an Apostolical Imam and the brother of an Apostolical Imam; thou art the father of nine Immas, the ninth of whom would be the Oaim (the last infallible spiritual guide).
5. The punishment inflicted on the murderer of Husayn in Hell would be equal to half of the total punishment to be imposed on the entire sinners of the world.
6. When the Holy Prophet informed Hadrat fatimah of the Martyrdom in store for his grandson, she burst into tears and asked,"O my father! when would my son be martyred?" "In such a critical moment," replied the Holy Prophet," When neither I nor you, nor Ali would be alive." This accentuated her grief and she inquired again, "Who then, O my father, would commemorate Husayn's martyrdom? The Holy Prophet said, "The men and the women of a particular sect of my followers, who will befriend my Ahlu l-bayt, will mourn for Husayn and commemorate his
martyrdom each year in every century."

 

Ibn Sad narrates from ash-shabi:

 

  Imam Ali while on his way to Siffin, passed through the desert of Karbala,there he stopped and wept very bitterly. When interrogated regarding the cause of his weeping, he commented that one day he visited the Holy Prophet and found him weeping. when he asked the Apostle of Allah as to what was the reason which made him weep, he replied, "O Ali Gabriel has just been with me and informed me that my son Husayn would be martyred in Karbala, a place near the bank of the River Euphartes. This moved me so much that I could not help weeping."

 

Anas ibn Harith narrates:

 

  One day the Holy Prophet ascended the pulpit to deliver a sermon to his associates while Imam Husayn and Imam Hasan were sitting before him. When address was over, he put his left hand on Imam Husayn and raising his head towards Heaven, said:"O my lord! I am Muhammad Thy slave and Thy prophet, and these two are the distinguished and pious members of my family who would fortify my cause after me. O my Lord! Gabriel has informed me that son Husayn would be killed. O my Lord! bless my cause in recompense for Husayn's martrydom,make him the leader of the martyrs, be Thou his helper and guardian and do not bless his murderers".

 

Sir Muhammad Iqbla says:

 

  Imam Husayn uprooted despotism forever till the Day of Resurrection. He watered the dry garden of freedom with the surging wave of his blood, and indeed he awakened the sleeping Muslim nation.If Imam Husayn had aimed at acquiring a worldly empire, he would not have travelled the way he did ( from Medina to Karbala). Husayn weltered in blood and dust for the sake of truth. Verily he, therefore, became the bed-rock (foundation) of the Muslim creed; la ilaha illa Allah ( There is no god but Allah).

 

Khwaja Mu inu d-Din Chishti says:

 

  He gave his head but did not put his hand into the hands of Yazid. Verily,Husayn is the foundation of la ilaha illa Allah. Husayn is lord and the lord of lords. Husayn himself is Islam and the shield of Islam. Though he gave his head (for Islam) but never pledged Yazid. Truly Husayn is the founder of "There is no Deity except Allah."

 

Brown in his A Literary of Persia Writes:

 

  As a reminder, the blood-stained field of Karbala where the grandson of the Apostle of God fell at length, tortured by thirst and surrounded by the bodies of his murdered kinsmen, has been at any time since then sufficient to evoke, even in the most lukewarm and heedless, the deepest emotion, the most frantic grief and the exaltation of spirit before which pain, danger, and death shrink to unconsidered trifles. Yearly, on the tenth day of Muharram, the tragedy is rehearsed in persia, in India, in Turkey, in egypt, wherever a Shiite community or colony exists.

 

 

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