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Tuesday 21st of January 2020
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The logic behind Mohammad(s) recitations

The logic behind Mohammad(s) recitations

 

To awaken people from pure corruption, the prophet of Islam read to them three types of verses. The present text that is adopted from “ the land of lovers” by Professor Hossein Ansarian interperates these verses as distinct from each other.

1) The verses on creation

2) The verses on man

3) the verses on shariat

 The verses on creation

These verses attract our attention to the creator:

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَى وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا تَجَلَّى وَمَا خَلَقَ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنْثَى.

“I swear by the night when it draws a veil, and the day when it shines in brightness, And the creating of the male and the female. 92:1-3

وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَاهَا وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلَاهَا وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّاهَا وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا وَالسَّمَاءِ وَمَا بَنَاهَا وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَاهَا وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا.

“I swear by the sun and his heat, And the moon when she follows him, And the day when it shows it, And the night when it draws a veil over it, and the heaven and Him who made it, And the earth and Him who extended it, And the soul and Him who made it perfect. 91:1-7

وَالْفَجْرِ وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ وَالشَّفْعِ وَالْوَتْرِ وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَسْرِ.

“I swear by the daybreak, and the ten nights, And the even and the odd, and the night when it departs. 89:1-4

أَفَلَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ وَإِلَى السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ رُفِعَتْ وَإِلَى الْجِبَالِ كَيْفَ نُصِبَتْ وَإِلَى الْأَرْضِ كَيْفَ سُطِحَتْ.

“Will they not then consider the camels, who they are created? And the heaven, how it is reared aloft, And the mountains, how they are firmly fixed, And the earth, how it is made a vast expanse? 88:17-20

Will they not think on the majestic castle above our heads which contends all the magnificent stars, galaxies, and clouds?

Will they not consider the mountains which lie on the earth and are firmly connected to its core and function as its protector so that it would not go apart in the face of storms and floods?

Would they not think about the expanse of the earth which stores all sorts of minerals and nourishments inside?

الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّى وَالَّذِي قَدَّرَ فَهَدَى وَالَّذِي أَخْرَجَ الْمَرْعَى فَجَعَلَهُ غُثَاءً أَحْوَى.

“(Your Lord) Who creates, then makes complete, And who makes things according to a measure, then guides them to their goal, And who brings forth herbage, then makes it dried up, dust-colored. 87:2-5 »

وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ.

“I swear by the heaven and the comer by night; And what will make you know the comer by night is? The star of piercing brightness. 86:1-2

أَأَنْتُمْ أَشَدُّ خَلْقًا أَمْ السَّمَاءُ بَنَاهَا رَفَعَ سَمْكَهَا فَسَوَّاهَا وَأَغْطَشَ لَيْلَهَا وَأَخْرَجَ ضُحَاهَا وَالْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ دَحَاهَا أَخْرَجَ مِنْهَا مَاءَهَا وَمَرْعَاهَا وَالْجِبَالَ أَرْسَاهَا مَتَاعًا لَكُمْ وَلِأَنْعَامِكُمْ.

“Are you the harder to create or the heaven? He made it. He raised high its height, then put it into a right good state. And He made dark its night and brought out its light. And the earth, He expanded it after that. He brought forth from its water and its pasturage. And the mountains, He made them firm, A provision for you and for your cattle. 79:27-33

أَلَمْ نَجْعَلْ الْأَرْضَ مِهَادًا وَالْجِبَالَ أَوْتَادًا وَخَلَقْنَاكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا وَجَعَلْنَا نَوْمَكُمْ سُبَاتًا وَجَعَلْنَا اللَّيْلَ لِبَاسًا وَجَعَلْنَا النَّهَارَ مَعَاشًا وَبَنَيْنَا فَوْقَكُمْ سَبْعًا شِدَادًا وَجَعَلْنَا سِرَاجًا وَهَّاجًا وَأَنزَلْنَا مِنْ الْمُعْصِرَاتِ مَاءً ثَجَّاجًا لِنُخْرِجَ بِهِ حَبًّا وَنَبَاتًا وَجَنَّاتٍ أَلْفَافًا.

“Have we not made the earth an even expanse? And the mountains as projections thereon? And we created you in pairs, and we made your sleep to be rest to you, And we made the night to be a covering, And we made the day for seeking livelihood. And we made above you seven strong ones, And we made a shining lamp, And we send down from the clouds water pouring forth abundantly, that we may bring forth thereby corn and herbs, And gardens dense and luxuriant. 78:6-16

When the Holy Quran, through the verses, enticed human reasoning and wisdom to think on the phenomenon of life and on the creation of so many differing kinds of things, plants, animals and invisible beings whose number is beyond our imagination, the scholars, philosophers and learned elite started to find out some of the secrets of the world and through their continual efforts tremendous amounts of information were collected. No doubt, all these feats took place due to the Holy Quran which encourages man to deliberate on the creation. Below you will read an article by professor Rezerford, most part of which is referred to in the Holy Quran. First read the article; then look at the verses of the Holy Quran. Then, you will observe the miracles of the Holy Quran.

At the outset, you would ask the following question: what is the relationship between the researches on the creation of the western scholars and the Holy Quran? To answer this question we should say that the west was deprived of books, libraries, sciences, and universities upto five centuries ago. The movement of the Islamic science and knowledge from East to west caused the renaissance and awakening of people and created knowledge and insight and centers of education. This fact is accepted by all western scholars. They have written books and articles on this issue. However, the reference to all those sources are beyond the scope of the present work. Thus, we will observe that the vigilance and enlightenment of the Western nations and their scientists are closely related to the Holy Quran and have been influenced by the Prophethood of the Prophet Mohammad(s).

The verses of the Holy Quran

The great prophet of Islam reckoned it as his duty to read the Holy Quran to people so that they might get familiar with God's commands and wishes which cover all aspects of man's life.

He was obliged to read to people the verses from the Holy Quran, which had been righteously revealed to him so that people could find the ways which would lead them to prosperity.

The Prophet(s) of Islam during his twenty three years as the prophet read the verses of the Holy Quran whether he was on voyage or at home. He read the verses at the time of war or peace, at the mosque or at the market-place, on the street or crossroads, at day or nigh, directly or indirectly. He taught people the true meaning of those verses. He made people ready to act on those verses. He put forth tremendous amounts of energy. He spared nothing from his people upto the last moment of his blessed life.

In all aspects of life, the Prophet(s) performed his human and divine responsibilities and upto the Doom's Day people of the world owe him a lot.

In order to cure people's mental and spiritual disturbances, he presented a valuable, and curing prescription called the Holy Quran. With this monotheistic prescription he left no pain incurable.

Through the Holy Quran, the Prophet of Islam could teach people that it is God's speech. He led people to realize that this Holy book could take them to prosperity.

The Prophet(s) presented the Holy Quran to people to save their wisdoms and lives. Through this book, he could ignite people's insight.

By teaching the Holy Quran to people, he could let people realize that God is the very foundation of everything, that this world is only a planation and field to be sowed for the Hereafter.

Although the verses of the Holy Quran are based on man's nature, wisdom and conscience, the Qoreish's aggressors and tyrants, sometimes ridiculed the Great Prophet(s) and would ask him to present an act of miracle to prove his point. The Prophet(s) then would read some of the verses in order to answer their questions. He would tell them: My miracle is this Quran which is sent by God. He sometimes challenged them to bring forth a book like Quran if they ever could. The inability of the Qoreish in presenting a book similar to the Quran proved that this Holy Book was God's speech. He used to recite the following:

قُلْ لَئِنْ اجْتَمَعَتْ الْإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَى أَنْ يَأْتُوا بِمِثْلِ هَذَا الْقُرْآنِ لَا يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرًا.

“Say: if men and jinn should combine together to bring the like of this Quran, they could not bring the like of it, though some of them were aiders of others. 17:88

The Holy Quran invites people to believe in monotheism and to carry out Allah's commands in order to achieve prosperity both here and in the Hereafter. The Holy Quran prohibits people from engaging in idolatry and aggression and orders them to carry out justice and refrain from getting involved in injustice, transgression, prostitution and evil-doings.

The Holy Quran explicitly proclaims: Everybody is equal in front of God.

إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ.

“Surely the most honorable of you with Allah is the one among you most careful of his duty. 49:13

The Holy Quran warns those people who find an associate for God and who arrange their lives on the wrong premises of atheism and blasphemy and those who worship a life-less idol and those who get themselves involved in aggression. It promises them a severe chastisement and spreads the news that there is a judgment-day for people in the Hereafter.

As of the Doom's Day, the Holy Quran speaks so forcefully that the hearts of people tremble, saying: the judgment-day is near; it arrives at people quite unexpectedly. When it comes mothers would forget their children. Every person would forget everything except himself or herself. The world becomes turbulent; the sky becomes split; the stars get scattered; the seas become dry and the graves cloven. That is the day when people would see what they had sent there as provisions while they were alive.

On the Resurrection Day, people come face to face with a file on which every action of theirs is recorded. They would meet the paradise and the hell; the former is in its most desireable manifestation, and the latter in its most horrendous form and shape.

The Holy Quran says people's records will determine on the Doom's Day whether they belong to the paradise or to the hell.

On that day, when the infidels, the wicked, the polytheists, and the libertines look at their records they will become horrified and would shout:

يَا وَيْلَتَنَا مَالِ هَذَا الْكِتَابِ لَا يُغَادِرُ صَغِيرَةً وَلَا كَبِيرَةً إِلَّا أَحْصَاهَا وَوَجَدُوا مَا عَمِلُوا حَاضِرًا وَلَا يَظْلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدًا.

“Ah! Woe to us! What a book is this! It does not omit a small one nor a great one, but numbers them all; and what they had done they shall find present there; and your Lord does not deal unjustly with anyone. 18:49

The Holy Quran states: when people are judged justly, the well-doers will receive God's blessings and will stay in the paradise for ever. The  wrong-doers will go to the hell and will stay there eternally. If some of these people have committed wrong after they had become believers, they would stay at the Barrier for some time, the length of which is determined by God's blessings.

Man listens to these facts. Those who accept them are salvaged and those who do not comply they will belong to the hell. This applies to Qoreish who heard all of these facts but strongly denied them. They showed their hatred toward the man who revealed these facts to them.

The Prophet(s), used to tell them: your atheist fathers are in eternal chastisement and you will soon meet the same fate if you persist in your adolatry. The only way available to you is for you to deny your fathers' customs and turn to and believe in God and become convinced that the Prophet Mohammad(s) is sent by God to guide you.

Then, upon accepting Islam, you will have to adapt your life with the Prophet's life standards and obey his commands. But if you disobey, God will punish you in the hell and that is where you will stay with your fathers.

Through the recitation of the Holy Quran, the Prophet(s) warned people of the Resurrection Day and made them fearful of the punishments they would encounter. He used to make them think and deliberate on what had happened to the previous nations. Those nations who considered their prophets as liars even if these prophets presented them with their miracles. They called the prophets the mad ones, the magic-stricken. They even murdered some of the prophets and threatened the rest. Then God arranged a severe punishment for them.

The Prophet Mohammad(s) read them the story of the storm, from the Holy Quran, in which the guilty nation of Noah (Nuh) were drowned. He told people of the wind which destroyed the Od nation when they disobeyed the Hud. He told them about the heavenly shout which annihilated the Thamud nation. He also told them about the stones which were poured on the heads of the Lut (Lot) nation. Finally, the Prophet(s) read to the world's nations what had happened to Firon (Pharaoh) and to his nation when they disobeyed the Musa's (Moses') invitation.

The Prophet Mohammad(s) reads to people those verses which order people to walk on the earth to observe what happened to the wrong-doers. He warns people to be prudent not to receive these inevitable punishments.

The Prophet(s), through reciting the sacred verses of the Holy Quran, used to advise people to care about their future prosperity. Those people whose hearts are fascinated by the manifestations of the Holy Quran will listen carefully to the Prophet(s). Those people will listen to him whose wisdoms are dominated with the rules of logic. There were many who listened to the Prophet(s) when he recited the verses from the Holy Quran, but never believed in his statements.

 

 


source : the land of lovers
  2008
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