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Wednesday 26th of June 2019
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Only Good Virtues will be left behind PART 2

31. “Respite of the worldly man.”

One who is waiting of Allah’s reward he is restless as long as he live and always tries to make preparation for the hereafter for himself. His all happiness and restlessness are temporary. He is always enthusiastic about to fulfill his desires. But those who are the seeker of pleasure of short time and do not hope for the future life, the secret of his happiness is hidden in the worldly pleasure and this is his desire and expectation.

(IV point)
32. “Ignorance from the signs of God.”

Disappointment from the hereafter and intimacy with the world is the proof that he has been forgotten the signs of Allah. The fact that if he would not be ignored from the signs of God that are the evidences of the hereafter and also the Holy Quran has sucutioned on many places then surely he would not forget the life after the death and worldly pleasure cannot convey dignity and he always remain in search of success of eternity.

33. “ Abode in fire for the worldly worshippers.”

The explanation of an auspicious verse of the Holy Quran is that one who is the seeker of the world instead of the hereafter and loves the world only and gets comforts and rest from it and forgets the hereafter, his abode is in the hell and he would be burnt in the fire, whatever has earned by means of body and soul’s sins.

34. “ Disaffection from remembrance of Allah”

Our Holy Quran states in Sura Najm Ayat no 29-30.

فَأَعْرِضْ عَن مَّن تَوَلَّى عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَلَمْ يُرِدْ إِلَّا الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

“Therefore in turn aside from him who turns his back upon Our reminder and does not desire any thing but this worldly life.”

(Surah Najm 53:29)

ذَلِكَ مَبْلَغُهُم مِّنَ الْعِلْمِ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَن ضَلَّ عَن سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اهْتَدَى

“That is their goal of knowledge. Surely you Lord knows best him who goes astray from His path.”

(Surah Najm 53:30)

Again Allah states Sura Suad Ayat 26. that

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَضِلُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ بِمَا نَسُوا يَوْمَ الْحِسَابِ

“Those who go astray from the path of Allah, they shall surely have a severe punishment because they forget the day of reckoning.”

(Surah Saud 38:26)

The explanation of both these ayats that those who go astray and forget about Allah and the day of reckoning and his interest and love is attached to the world, he is surely lose his way from the right path. One who deviates from the way of Allah and forget the rewards of the hereafter and becomes pleased with the worldly life, the severe punishment is fixed for him. This is worthy considering that depend of this matter is secure on the truth because one who turn away from the fact of Allah and the hereafter, and not desirous of seeking for help and only dependent of the worldly life and love the world by heart instead of the hereafter and make all his abode is in the hell, whether he refuses verbally Allah and the reckoning day and say that he does not believe in any life except the life of the world or if he agrees of Allah and the hereafter with his tongue. As we have thrown light while discussing the topic of faith in detail. That benefit of confessing by the tongue, purity, marriage, inheritance and besides others worldly strengthening is not effective for the hereafter. No any other things can save from the chastisement of the hereafter except pure belief.

35. “ Love of the world has been sealed the hearts.”

Our Holy Quran has stated in Sura Naml Ayat no 107 to 109.???

 

“This is because they love this world’s life more than the hereafter, and because Allah does not guide the unbelieving people” “These are they on whose hearts and hearing and their eyes Allah has set a seal, and these are the heedless ones” “No doubt that in the hereafter they will be the losers.”

(Surah Naml 27:)

An explanation of these auspicious ayats is that these people loved only the worldly life and gave preference more than the hereafter and deprived of divine help, that is why they hacked completely from the hereafter and became worldly. Therefore their heart set a seal means their understanding perception restricted up till the world only and could not obtain consciousness of Allah and the hereafter. Their ears became deaf hearing the guidance and they became blind to see all that things that can remind them of the hereafter. Now they have no ability of understanding perception and no ability of response to sell or vision. They absorbed in deep sleep, that they deprived from the faith and deeds that can be assurance for the success in the hereafter. No doubt these people would be in great loss.

36. “The last limit of misleading.”

Our Holy Quran states in Sura Ibrahim Ayat no.3.

الَّذِينَ يَسْتَحِبُّونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى الآخِرَةِ وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللّهِ وَيَبْغُونَهَا عِوَجًا أُوْلَـئِكَ فِي ضَلاَلٍ بَعِيدٍ

“And woe to the unbelievers on account of the severe chastisement (To) those who love this world’s life more than the hereafter, and turn away from Allah’s path and desire to make it crooked; these are in a great error.”

(Surah Ibrahim 3:3)

37. “Neglect a grievous day before them.”

إِنَّ هَؤُلَاء يُحِبُّونَ الْعَاجِلَةَ وَيَذَرُونَ وَرَاءهُمْ يَوْمًا ثَقِيلًا

“Surely these love the transitory and neglect a grievous day before them.”

(Surah Dahr Ayat 27)

 

فَإِنَّ الْجَحِيمَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَى

“Then as for him who is inordinate, And prefers the life of this world, Then surely the hell, that is the abode.”

(Surah Naziyat Ayat 39)

وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَى

“While the hereafter is better and more lasting.”

(Sura Ala Ayat no 17)

Sura Bani Israel Ayat no 18-19

مَّن كَانَ يُرِيدُ الْعَاجِلَةَ عَجَّلْنَا لَهُ فِيهَا مَا نَشَاء لِمَن نُّرِيدُ ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَا لَهُ جَهَنَّمَ يَصْلاهَا مَذْمُومًا مَّدْحُورًا وَمَنْ أَرَادَ الآخِرَةَ وَسَعَى لَهَا سَعْيَهَا وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُولَئِكَ كَانَ سَعْيُهُم مَّشْكُورًا

“Who ever desires this present life, We hasten to him therein what We please for whomsoever We desire then We assign to him the hell; he shall enter it dispised, driven away.

(Surah Bani Isreal Ayat 39)

And whoever desires the hereafter and strives for it as he ought to strive and he is a believer, (as for) these, their striving shall surely be accepted.”

38. “On converging way of the world and the hereafter.”

An explanation of this auspicious verse of the Holy Quran that a man is standing on the converging way and he has to select one way whether he adopt the faith to intimacy of the world or he loves the world or belief on the hereafter. To believe in one means he refuses another. This is the reason that the world and the hereafter are interpreted as opposite of each other, East and West and water and fire. But as it is mentioned that faith on the hereafter or temporary love of the world cannot collect on one place, on the contrary they are also closely related to each other.

39. “ Three Groups.”

People can be divided into three groups. One group is firm on the faith of the hereafter till the last breathe. The second group love the world only and strange of the hereafter and remain on this same belief till last. The third group select the worldly love refused of the hereafter or sometimes against of it. The first group is in the companions of the right wing of army as Allah has interpreted. The second group has admitted in the companions of North and many ayats have revelaed. The decision of the third group is in the hand of Allah, when good and evil will be weigh and Allah the Almighty will decide Allah the Almighty states in Sura Baraat Ayat no 102 that- “And others have confessed their faults, they have mingled a good deed and an evil one; may be Allah will turn to them (mercifully); surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.”

40. “Worldly Love is the source of all evils.”

Imam Ja’far-us-Sadiq (a.s.) quotes that worldly love is the source of all evils (Uoole Kafi, Chapter Love of the world).

If we consider carefully on the since such as infidelity, polytheism, hypocrisy, pride, haughtiness, jealousy etc. we will come to know that these all are related with the worldly love as our head is connected with the body. Because if the head separates from the body. The body becomes motionless. In the same way if worldly love would come to end then the sins that will manifest would be finished by itself.

41. “Perplexity at the time of death”

Hazrat The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) stated Be mindful of the death. Aware of this, that there is no remedy of the death. Death and whatever is in it came with pleasure and comforts. And those who love the hereafter, their return is towards the garden. They are the people whose attempts are peculiar for the hereafter. Their inclination and love is also for the hereafter. And those who were fond of deceitful world and their efforts were for this world, the death whatever so in it brought misfortune along with it and they were turned back to the hell of fire. This is clarified from this Hadith that people who are fond of world involved in perplexity and fear at the time of death. These are same people their inclination and love of the world is peculiar for the world and are busy in the worldly life, their hearts are emptied from the love of the hereafter and they do not try by virtuous deeds for the hereafter.

42. “A story of Hazrat Isa (a.s.) and his companions”

His narration has been quoted by Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq(a.s.) (from Usul al-Kafi) that Hazrat Janabe Isa Bin Marium (a.s.) was passing through a city where all people and animals and birds were dead at one place. Hazrat Isa (a.s.) said: No doubt in it that this is the result of Allah’s wrath and they all have died because if they would die naturally then certainly the others would have buried them.

His companion said-O Ruhullah! Pray to Allah to make them alive again so that they show us what was their fault. And we can take a lesson from them and we will remain aloof from them.

Therefore, Hazrat Isa (a.s.) prayed to Allah. Allah said: O Isa! Call them. When the sun sets, Hazarat Isa (a.s.) went to the hillock and called them loudly, O people of this city! One of them deceased replied at once. “I am here O Ruhullah” – Hazrat Isa (a.s.) said, Alas what was your behaviour in the world? He said “Idol worshipping, worldly love and fear of old age, boasting and becoming neglect in fun and sport.”

Shaikh bhai (r.a.) has written this Hadith in his book ‘Arbaeen’ and also gave details and reports briefly that idol means transgression means to exceed the limit. There are many meanings of this word such as “soothsayer”, “devil”, “beloved”, etc. A man who is ahead in misleading or he prevents other people worshipping to Allah or he worships the idols. But according to this Hadith idol means the chief of the tribes, who invites people towards the misleading. The word ‘idol’ used by decease in reply to Hazrat Isa (a.s.), clarifies the truth that one who obeys the idol means he has worshipped the idols. Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) has stated, one who obeys the other God then as a fact he has been worshipped him. Shaikh bhai has proved this matter from the verses of the Holy Quran and traditions and states that now when we came to know that worship in the place of obedience is humility. In the present time many people are engaged in soothing their mean and beastly lustfulness. As a matter of fact this beastly lusts are in their beloved idols that they worship and it is strange that they do not understand that what they are doing. Hence, O people, leaving the Almighty aside and made many Gods for yourself and worship them. This is very strange that still you claim for His oneness. Allah says, O Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) have you seen these men have made their carnality their Gods. Be it known that in reply of Hazrat Isa (a.s.)’s call the decease made him count their attributes that worship of idols, worldly love, less fear of God, fun and sport, worldly comforts and more desires of worldly pleasures are all suitable to people of that era. If consider carefully, will come to know that most people have no fear of God and are completely careless from the chastisement of Allah. Hence this Hadith points out towards the chastisement of Allah (means the duration between the death of sinners and the day of reckoning). As, this subject based on consensus. Many ayats of the Holy Quran and repeatedly Hadith are the proof of this affair and it is obligatory to keep a little faith but its detail means how and when will occur? We know it but not entrusted. On the contrary the fact is that mostly the part of this belief is higher than our sense and wisdom. But the command that is obligatory on us is that to keep aloof from the sins that become the reason of coming chastisement. Therefore, we should adopt the good virtuous deeds and character that can become surety of the success in the hereafter. Hazrat Shaikh has copied out a tradition from Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) that there are one thousand valleys between the world and the hereafter and the death is the easiest way among them.

In reply, the decease has to say, I was with them but I was not participate in their deeds and behaviour. This is worth considering matter because it is incumbent on every believers to prevent the guilty persons from evil and if he does not agree, he should keep aloof from them otherwise their end would be like them [Shaikh bhai (r.a.) has taken a support of the Holy Quran and Hadith. Refer the book Arbaeen].

Hazrat Isa (a.s.) said, what was the condition of your love with the world. The decease said we loved the world so much as much as a child loves his mother when the world show favour on us, we come happy and when the world turns face from us we become sad. Hazrat Janab-e-Isa (a.s.) asked how did you worship your idol? The decease said – we obeyed the sinner people. Hazrat Isa (a.s.) said – what was your result and what about your future life? He said we passed the night happily but we seized into the prison in the morning. Hazrat Isa (a.s.) asked him, what is this prison? He said- these are the mountains full of fire, and its flame and it will enrage till the day of reckoning. Janabe Isa (a.s.) said – what did you say in this state of affairs? He answered we said – send us again in the world so that we do some virtuous deeds. We were answered – you are telling alie. Hazrat Isa (a.s.) said – curse on you, why have not the other people discussed with me? He said – Ya, Ruhullah! Our mouth is tied with the fire chain and angry angels give them punishment. I was passing my life among them but I was not from them. But when the punishment descended on them, I was also involved in the torment. I am hanging with my hair at the side of the hell. I don’t know, I will be hang like this or will be delivered.

Hazrat Janabe Isa (a.s.) turned his face towards his companions and said, O the believers of Allah! Eat the dry bread with salt and sleep on the dust is a great virtue and there are safety and welfare of the world and the hereafter is hidden. This incident clarifies that how worldly love is a mortal sin. According to this tradition, the whole community and worldly love destroyed because of punishment from Allah.

43. “Friendship of world makes sense paralytic”

Hazrat Amirul Mo-mineen (a.s.) says, friendship of the world makes the sense paralytic. Because one who loves anything he can’t see its faults. In the same way one who loves the world heartily, he cannot feel its mortality and declining, calamities and pleasures. Even its friendship makes ears deaf and for this reason ears cannot hear the truth and fact and do not accept the guidance and even this affair is suitable for the descending punishment and destruction.

44. “The world and the hereafter are the worst enemies of each other”

(Arabic Ayat from Nahjul Balagah and Gurul-ul-Hukm)

No doubt, that the world and the hereafter are two enemies far off each other at a distant. These are two such ways that they go to their limits. Those who love the world could follow it and they will be enemies of the hereafter. They both are different like East and West. One who will near one of them would be far from another. They both are like two women whose husband is one. Means the world and the hereafter are at the far distance but both are like co-wife of each other. Because most people gave status to both of them as there wive. They need both of them and always try to obtain both but they are unknown that both cannot be at one place. This has to be declared that worldly love is synonymous like to separate from the hereafter. If to give importance to any one is like to degrade another one.

Hazrat Janabe Risalat Ma’ab (s.a.w.s.) states in (Behar Vol16) the life of the next world are bitter than the comforts and pleasures of the worldly life. Future life is sweeter than to bear tornaments of the worldly life. In short, the explanation of the command of Imam (a.s.) is that worldly love is malice something going along with the hereafter. This is clarified from this manner that worldly love not only a mortal sin but it is also infidelity.

Group of people have been divided into three groups. The first group that does not have interest of the world and second group has love with the world, but when the truth approach before their eyes, they bow down their heads. They eat subsistence of Allah and also fear of Allah. Allah will forgive this group because of the first group. The third group is very affectionate with the world. They pick up whatever comes in front of them. They burn dry and wet together to fulfil their wish and do not care of the truth. This group is going to be destroyed and there is no remedy for their deliverance. Now you should try to include yourself with the first group and if cannot, then you should be join in the second group.

(From Maktoob pg.no.167)

The verification of above record this detail is enough and if needs a lengthy tradition, you can refer the books

(“Kafi and Beharul Anwaar Vol.16.”)

Second stage – where love of the world would be given priority.

If the love of the world and its support increased from the love of Allah and Rasul (s.a.w.s.), the day of resurrection and Ahlebait (a.s.) and religion then be it known that in this condition love of the world is unlawful and a mortal sin. Repentance is obligatory for it and it is necessary to act oppositely of it, means give more priority of the love of Allah and the hereafter instead of love of the world. Our Holy Quran has pointed out in many places about this. For instance, we get opportunity to present some points.

Allah, the Almighty, states in Sura Tauba Ayat no.24,

قُلْ إِن كَانَ آبَاؤُكُمْ وَأَبْنَآؤُكُمْ وَإِخْوَانُكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ وَعَشِيرَتُكُمْ وَأَمْوَالٌ اقْتَرَفْتُمُوهَا وَتِجَارَةٌ تَخْشَوْنَ كَسَادَهَا وَمَسَاكِنُ تَرْضَوْنَهَا أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكُم مِّنَ اللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَجِهَادٍ فِي سَبِيلِهِ فَتَرَبَّصُواْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ اللّهُ بِأَمْرِهِ وَاللّهُ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ

“Say; if your fathers and your sons and your brethren and your mates and your kinsfolk and property which you have acquired, and the slackness of trade which you fear and dwellings which you like are dearer to you then Allah and His Apostles and striving in His way, then wait till Allah brings about His command; and Allah does not guide the transgressing people.”

(Surah Tauba 9:24)

45. “An explanation of the verse”

One who recognise his True Benefactor and put himself under His obligation and believe that whatever he has are all granted by Allah and all worldly things are subdued for him then love of Allah will win his heart and this recognition would as much as deep in his heart, and heart would be as much as pure, he loves him more thus for a day will come that he would not give meriting to love anyone besides Allah and thus for he would not have predilection for himself besides Allah. He would love anything he would love for the sake of his love. This would be the stage when he and all the things relating him he would like to sacrifice in the way of Allah. (If consider the faithfulness of a dog for his master, it will sacrifice his life on his master. This example is enough to be ashamed the wise man that his love from Allah is very less than a dog. Some incidents are mentioned about faithful dog in a book Dastan-E-Hami Shaghuft).

46. “Love of God is closely related to his friends”

Love of God means to show affection to His Apostle and His chosen people. Janab Sarwar-E-Kounain (s.a.w.s.) states

“Love Allah for His bounties and love me for the sake of Allah and be friendly with my progeny because of me.”

(From Beharaj 7 pg.529 – Sahih Tirmidhi Vol.13 pg. 201).

It is narrated in Tirmidhi that,

“Love Allah because He grants you sustenance. Be friendly with me because of Allah and love my Ahlebait (a.s.) because of me.”

Because love with Rasul (s.a.w.s.) is love of Allah. In the same way the sign of love with Janabe The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) that to love his progeny and his relatives. It is essential that true love with Rasul (s.a.w.s.) should be more than love of your relatives. Allah states in Sura Shura Ayat no.23

ذَلِكَ الَّذِي يُبَشِّرُ اللَّهُ عِبَادَهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ قُل لَّا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِلَّا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِي الْقُرْبَى وَمَن يَقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَةً نَّزِدْ لَهُ فِيهَا حُسْنًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ

“Say; I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives.”

(Surah Shura 42:23)

Refer Beharul Anwaar Vol.7 for more details. Here at this place we content on a few Hadith of Shia and Sunni.

 “The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) stated, I swear of Him no one of you can a true believer until he loves me more than his father, children and all others.

(From Beharaj 7, pg.529, Masuad Dalmi, Favard Nashi Shahbul Imam Behaqi).

No one can bring faith on Allah until he loves me more than his soul, more than his family and children and does not love his own dignity more than my dignity

(Kanzul Amal Vol. 1 pg.11)

The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) said - None could take a step ahead until he wouldn’t be asked about four things on the day of resurrection. (1) How did you pass your life? (2) How did you spend your time when you were young? (3) From where did you obtain your property and where did you spend it? (4) What was your position in the love of Ahlebait (a.s.)? This is the reason that our ancestors believed that they have become neglect instead of extreme love with Ahlebait (a.s.) and they were afraid that perhaps they had no conjecture of their love that they can give superiority to any other love on this love.

Sura Momenin Ayat 60. Our Holy Quran states that

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوا وَّقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ

“And those who give what they give (in alms) while their hearts are full of fear that to their Lord they must return.”

(Surah Momineen 23:60)

Amirul Mo-mineen (a.s.) stated, swear of Allah, these people think they have become neglect in their love and obediency besides their extreme love and obediency.

47. “Love of religion is the love of Allah”

It is necessary to love with Allah and His religion and to obey His commands should be fulfil in this way that one should be happy on the loss of worldly life instead of religion and faith and lay down his short life for the sake of future life and incur the worldly loss to protect himself from sustain of the hereafter so as long as the worldly desire vanish from his heart friendship of world only is the beginning of the love of the hereafter.

This is the fact of belief. One who is the bearer of this attribute will surely get deliverance. His connection will be with the companions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) but one who will be of opposite attribute, according to his view, the worldly life, property, rank and dignity and worldly comforts will be very much dear from the love of Allah, Rasul (s.a.w.s.) Ahle-bait (a.s.) and religion of Islam. He would be ignoring them easily for the sake of world. In oppose of worldly loss he will give more priority to the religious loss. He will love perishable life of the world than the life of the next world.

This kind of a man would be more anxious of his long and comfortable life and being careful from the next world and try hard for the world. If he incurs a loss in the worldly life, he would left with no choice and will try to compense for it. But if he is sustaining a loss in the remaining life such as if he commits a sin he would not care for it. In short such people are always ready to lay down his future life for the sake of world and this is the sign of sinful person. Means he who is the sinner who turns away from the right path of his deliverance and success and disobey the commands of Allah and Rasul (s.a.w.s.). It is clear that one who becames a sinner, he is disappointed from the guidance, favour, divine help and it is true that Allah does not give guidance to the sinful community. Therefore it is necessary for the sinner that he should await for the punishment in the world and in hereafter.

48. “ Therefore check your own account.”

Hence it is necessary to all who believe in Allah and Rasul (s.a.w.s.) to search their heart and deduce that his love for Allah and his Apostles is more stranger from the love of the world and thanks Allah and tries hard to increase more love for Allah. But if state of affairs is different then it is obligatory to mourn for his condition and tries to reform and should not sit idle unless he would not confident that his love is stronger for Allah and the hereafter.

49. “Are we the seekers of the happiness of Ahle-bait (a.s.)?”

It is obligatory on every Muslims that they should give more priority to the love for Ahle-bait (a.s.) than the worldly love. The demand of justice is that he should deduce his heart that how much he has completed his duty. Does he love Ahle-bait (a.s.)? or the worldly pleasure? Is he the seeker of the higher authority or besides the displeasure of Ahle-bait (a.s.) does he want to fulfil his desire? If after the consideration comes to know that he is fond of worldly love more than the love of Ahle-bait (a.s.) then he should understands that he has become neglect to done his duty for Allah. It is necessary that he should work hard to change his attribute and should not be proud of the Hadith like love for Ali (a.s.), the status of Ali (a.s.)’s companions and their rank and dignity. This Hadith are for whom, whose love is stronger for the world than love of the progeny of Muhammad (s.a.w.s.). This kind of a man can be the lover of the world but not the true believer of Ahle-bait (a.s.). It happens sometimes that present hearty love for the world makes man hatred from Allah, Rasul (s.a.w.s.) and Ahle-bait (a.s.). We are related two Hadithes regarding this argument.

50. “Ahle-bait (a.s.) consider them their enemies.”

(From Tehzib Babul- Mukatib vol. 6, pg 376- Wafi Bab-al-Sharaet Lazan and Ala Kamta-un Tehzib Waqfiya wa-ul Kafi.)

Shaikh Toosi has copied out from Zaid Bin Ali that a man came to Janab Amirul Mo-mineen (a.s.) and said O Amirul Mo-mineen (a.s.) swear of Allah, I am your friend for the sake of Allah. Hazrat Ali (a.s.) said but I consider you an enemy of Allah. He said why do you do like this? Hazrat Ali (a.s.) said you have taken out contract to give the call for prayers and you are taking wages to recite the Holy Quran. I have heard from Janabe Risalat-Ma’ab (s.a.w.s.) that one who takes wages for reciting for the Holy Quran, his reward would be the same as he has collected in the world.

51. “Friendship of Ahle-Bait (a.s.) is the obediency of Allah”

(From Nahjul Balagah) Hazrat Amirul Mo-mineen (a.s.) said – one he who is the friend of Allah who obeys Him. If he has no relationship from Him (such as Salman (r.a.) and Abu Zar (r.a.) and he is the enemy of Hazrat Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) who do not obey Allah whether why not he would be of the near relative such as (Abu Jahal and Abu Lahab) Imam Mohamed Baqir (a.s.) addressed to Janab-e-Jabir and said – One who pay homage to Allah is our friend and one who disobey Allah is our enemy and he cannot obtain our guardianship without virtuous deed and fear of God.

52. “ Love of Allah is the motive of all good Virtues.”

An explanation of this discussion is that Allah, A’le Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) and love of the hereafter is opposed of worldly love. One to be stronger than other is the proof. To give importance to one is the mismanagement for other. Such as the love of the world is the foundation of every sin. In the same way the love of Allah and His believers is the motive of every virtuous deeds. Because if the love of the world banish from the heart completely and love of Allah win the heart, he will not commit a sin and he will not debarred from any virtuous deeds. He will be always safe and respectable from all bad deeds.

53. “ Twenty peculiarities of love of Ahle-bait (a.s.).”

Hazrat Saduq (r.a.) has copied out from The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) that Hazrat (s.a.w.s.) said- One who gets love from Imams from my Ahle-bait (a.s.), no doubt he is fortunate to get rewards from the world and the hereafter. Because their is twenty peculiarities in the love of Ahle-bait (a.s.) ten from the world and ten from the hereafter. The worldly peculiarities are as under:

Annoyance from the world.

Temptation on the good deeds.

Keep aloof from the sin.

Love of devotion.

Repent before the death.

Fondness of waking all night in worship.

Disappointment from the things that are under control of others.

To obey Allah’s commands and save oneself from that is forbidden.

Hate the world.

Generosity.

Ten Peculiarities of the hereafter

Records of deeds will not check.

Records of deeds will not weigh.

Records of deeds will be given in the right hand.

Deliverance from the hell will be written for him.

His faces will become bright.

He will be blessed person.

He will intercess for his 100 relatives.

Allah’s mercy will be accompanied with him.

Heavenly crown will be on his head.

He will be enter in the Garden without checking an account.

If asks that the love is a delicate perception and a man after being an intelligent, becomes capable to understand the delicacy and hardship of the life and his love increases by the natural feelings and this love having a separate home in his heart because of this reason. In this way be reduced up to this, it becomes very difficult to banish from the heart. Therefore in this state of affairs how is it possible to impose him to banish love from the heart. Secondly Allah, Rasul (s.a.w.s.) Masoomins (a.s.) and the day of reckoning all these things are interpretation of human beings and beyond his feelings. Because the human has not seen this thing and not felt then how can it be possible to compeled him for this love?

4. “Wisdom draws his attention towards his errors.”

His answer has been given in the previous chapter but the importance of this topic will be narrated in other words. A man being and intelligent and responsible when he can make distinction between the perishable things with the help of instruction of the Holy Quran and can find the truth of eternity and does not pay attention to the worldly life due to its mortality then this kind of a man can feel his previous errors and tries to remove from his mind and try to search his worldly pleasure and comforts in his eternal life. This is the reasons that in many Suras of the Holy Quran have reminded about the perisable of the world, declination and inferority and many examples are given about this so that the muslims can understand the truth of life and being unrelated with the perishable world and loves eternal life. As we have mentioned this truth in the previous chapters in details that to banish the world love from the heart is in the control of a wise man.

55. “The standard of Allah’s love is mystic knowledge and not consideration.”

This is not correct to say that a man cannot love the things and which he has not seen him. There are so many people who have not seen a man with his own eyes or they were not his companions but only heard about him and became enamoured of him. Due to this came to know that a man liked natural inherent perfection. If a man considers about creation of universe and feels that there are uncountable devices, bounties and eternal blessings of life then surely the love will create for his heart for Almighty. This is the reason that our Holy Quran has mentioned about Allah’s blessings in many places. So that, a man can recognize his True Benefactor and appriciate His blessings and becomes captivated of Him. This is the path where fruits of pure life are available to him.

56. “Then why not Allah’s love accommodate in the heart?”

Now, the question is that what is the reason that why the hearts are emptied from Allah’s love. The reason is that many people have not turn out from beastly nature, lustfulness and selfishness. They cannot take a lesson from any thing because they have not recognized their True benefactor therefore it is manifests that they cannot love Him. Allah has stated in Sura Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) Ayat no 12 that

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يَتَمَتَّعُونَ وَيَأْكُلُونَ كَمَا تَأْكُلُ الْأَنْعَامُ وَالنَّارُ مَثْوًى لَّهُمْ

“And those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as the beasts eat, and the fire is their abode.”

(Surah Muhammad 47:23)

Then consider about love for Muhammad and Ale Muhammad (s.a.w.s.). Who is the wise man who knowns the personality of Holy Prophet’s human ethics and spiritual perfection and besides more than wisdom. Consider them as incomparable beings. Hearing their uncountable miracles and pay homage to them but then also does not love them?

One whose heart is free from their love, his existence is emptied from humanity or he is deprived from the ability of recognition. One who has more capacity to understand humanity and recognition, his love and his connection would more deep also.

7. “Recognition of the Hereafter and his affection.”

Love of the next world is also like it. Now if a man considers on a few verses of the Holy Quran that are concearned with the moral and uncountable blessings of the hereafter there certainly he would be fond of it. But as a term his heart should be pure from the worldly desires, such a man would be desirous of the death because he thinks the death is the source of fulfill the promise of Allah. Hazrat Amirul Mo-mineen (a.s.) cause to count the good qualities of the virtuous people, says- “ If there would no existence of the death that has been settled by Allah for them then their souls would not be satisfied in fear of punishment and desire for the reward for a moment.”

(From Nahjul Balaga)

The commands of Amirul Mo-mineen (a.s.) regarding Paradise and virtues of people are as under:

(From Nahjul Balagha Khutba 129)

O Allah! You have created the next world and settled a guest where food and drink are available there are beautiful houries and lovely young male servants in paradise. There are palaces and flowing canals, fields are fruits in paradise. Then you sent Your Apostle (Hazrat Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) to call people towards Him, but people did not give answer on his invitation You showed inclination to it but they didn’t agree and also increased their courage but did not be fond of and on the contrary opposed of it they turned towards the deceitful world. No doubt they became disgraced eating carrion. They made peace with each other on the basis of friendship of the world. One who loved the things it made him blind and weaked the heart. He sees whole with his strange eyes and he hears with the ears that has no ability to hear.. No doubt that worldly lustfulness has made him foolish. He loses his wits and made his mind captured of it. Hence he becomes the slave of the world as well as its lustfulness.”

There is a lengthy discussion to obtain the love from Allah and His dependents and their status. If Allah grants His help and guidance. We will publish a separate book of this subject.


source : QALBE SALEEM/Shaheede Mehraab Ayatullah-ul-Uzma Al-Haaj Sayed Abdul Husain Dastghaib Shirazi (r.a.)
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