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Wednesday 24th of April 2019
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EDYCLFCNx c:ncl ¡-XK UOWKh JCFCNNI: EJLC:

|EDYCLFCNx c:ncl ¡-XK UOWKh JCFCNNI: EJLC:

Fwohnx åPivedfxddcß sigpi fhncsxkvc ncmhdcj evcnc; fegc vedxn… åNcswgx-C;ncl zb unvwsw xgc fxngx;vc Pivedfxddckxk ho`n jcnctgcnxkvc, hb swdw ughk rwdwghn`k cjnht`kvh viacn'c shgv`. {hlhhj rwdwghnh vuynw rh]v`ghn mc ukwk swdwkw jeb fxn bhlhkvh ]c;xf rwnjhnv`ghn. Fxn hbvhk suknh swswbgwrvhk |edyclfcnc ax;hdcj ejvxgcn. |edyclfcn zb pedfcsxkvck fxn uo ]`ohnjv` mc fwdwnvw ;x, ukw rwdwkwk x]xkc hjs`kghn. Hgghph hkv ugswk ;x, rwdw vcnphg rhdkhlhyh fhaghv` mc unhvhk ;z] evckc rcvcn ukghn`k phl`s`k` swswbgwrvhk rwnjhnv`.ß[1]

|EDYCLFCNx c:ncl ¡-XK CGXKXK DENXKC JCFCNNI: EJLC:

åCg-xshfcß mc åLiskcvx Cplcvß ;xjhfghn`kvh Pckbcgckxk jcn[iledx-phg` acnp evxgck fzglcvc Pckbcgckxk fegc vevxdx ncmhdcj ugwkwn… åFhfhl lckx |edyclfcnxk dhk`kh h\hn`f vevx… Lckxl pcl fzdi;, pcl vc ;x]x; uyghkghn`l mhnv`n, fw ukghn`k ck ;x]xdxvxn, ukwk i]ik vwh evxk. |edyclfcn cgxkx lckxl fha`lh ]c;cnc; åHgghp sckc fcnc;cj mensxk!ß, dhowv åu fcnc;cjgxvxn!ß vedc fwdwnvw.ß

Nhmx vedxn… Zb 'zbgcnxlgc 'znvil ;x, ibi axalxa hvhl`, dhowv vzagcnx axalxa pedmhk` Pckbcgckxk dhk`kh 'cjxnxnvxgcn, u vh hyb`k`k swdwkw cgxkc sinjif åfxslxgghpß vedxn mc ukw zb fha`kh rudhnhr vedxnvx… åFw |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk cgxkxk denxvxn.ß Suknh cgxkx axalxa denc ]c;xnvx mc axa vcnphg ]c;xgxf 'evxnvx.ß[2] åCg-xshfcßvc fegc redv ugwkwn… åU, (Pckbcgc) åfxslxgghpß vedxf zb cgxkx |edyclfcnxk cgxkxk denxkc rudwnvw, unh lcsp evxf suknh cgxkx axalxa denc ]c;xnvx mc ukwk axax vcnphg ]c;xgxnvx.ß

Fcgx, u pcbncjxk oedxn-fcnc;cjx 'ikca kwnwkh fckbcdxnvx, cjxngx ]x]c;gcnxk xdgcnx ;xlx cjnhth dhd`g`nv`, wahrg`rvh mc fzdi;gi;vc, sctcnvc mc rednx-sctcnvc, 'e[cvc mc 'ikvibvc (fw cjxn) pe] mhoj u pcbncjvck hdn`gl`nv`. Xsjcn ukwk siv hkhs` Pcgxlc Sc/vxddckxk oedlcsxkvc ughkvh, xsjcn jx[hncj lcrscvxgc Ahl sctcnxkc 'evckvc, xsjcn px[ncj evcn;ck Illi Lc/fcvxk oedlcsxkvck ;e]ckvc, xsjcnsc vc Lcvxkcvc ph;xlxddcj ;insisikvc cdgcackvc.

Hdv`kv`n ;x, fxbxl fwnhvh redv ejvx;gcnxlxb shvc[c ki­lw­kc i]ik 'cjxnxgxf, c;s phgvh ukghn`k phl`s`k` shvhghd`f rwn­jhnh fxglcnx;. }ik;x fijik fw lz/[ibcgcnxk phl`s`k`k fxn-fxn shvhghk`f rwnjhn`glhs` pe] ;csxk xl;hk` vhoxgxkvc vedxgvxn. Redv ugwkhkghn vh shyghl mc fcsxncjgx rcgfc, eaxvck rwghyh lhgx; ughkghn i]ik ;xthdcjvxn.

Suknh;` fcpsxlxbvc |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-vck acthcj xsjc­lcdxk mc ukw Hgghp vcn'hp`kvh mhsxjc rcnhn menlcdxk rh­kwkx fxn xa uglhs`k` fcdhk evc[c;, suknh Hgghp`k ;zlcdx xgc |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk shxn xkshkghnh ughk isjik­gi; mc xljxdhbghn`kvhk fc/bxgcnxkxk fhncsxkvc ughk xojxght`k lckacdxkx hnhav`nh[hy`r.

f) |edyclfcn ¡-x Hgghp vcn'hp`kvh acthcj]x rcnhn menlc;

|edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-c jcmcssig ejlc;, ukw Hgghp vcn'hp`kvh mhsxjc rcnhn menlcdxk [hxbgxdxkc mc acn/x fxn xa ugvwywkh xkhkhkghn fijik vzmngcnvc fegc velxagcn… Fw ;xlx jcmcssiggcn pcl |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk oxgrcjxkvck cmmcg, pcl ukwk pcdhj`kvh, pcl vc mcthj`kvhk suknh Hgghp`k nhb`g`y` xgc denxkc dejxnxgxn. Rxdhlcj 'ikikc rcvcn vc hahy`vh;` vcgxggcnc 'znc vhmhl evc[c;vxn…

1-|edyclfcnxk oxgrcjxkvck cmmcg ukh jcmcssig evxglcsx

Pcvxs nhmxgcnxkvck fxn rnw\w, u [ilgcvck Ph;xl zbikik åLisjcvnc;ß ;xjhf`kvh Zlcn xfkx Ocjjhfvhk fegc kcrg evxn… åHvcl ™ sh\lhghnh lc/nwb rhghk bhlhk cnb ejvx… å|cnmcn­vx'hnh! Sckvck xsjcdxn mc Sckx Lipcllcv mc Hgx-Lipcl­lcvxk phrr`kh hkv menxncl ;x, lckx fhy`aghdhshk.ß Hgghp-jhhgh fwdwnvw… åEd Hvcl! Sck Lipcllcvx ke[c jhk`v`k, phgfw;x Lck pcgc ukw dhnhjlhl`ahl?!ß Hvcl cnb ejvx… å|cnmcnvx'hnh! Lckx dhnhv`f Zb nwpwkvhk lckc menvxdxk bhlhk fha`l` rhgv`n`f 'znvil ;x, cnaxk sijwkghn`kvh fegc dhb`g`f… åGh xghpc xggcgghp, Lwpcllcvwk Ncswgwgghp.ß Fw bhlhk fxgvxl ;x, Sck Zb fckvcgcnxk x]xkvc ck ]uo semvxdxkvck fharhs`k`k hv`k` Zb hv`k`k dhk`kvh rcnhn menlcbsck.ß Hgghp-jhhgh fwdwnvw… åVib vevxk, ed Hvcl! U, Lc­kxl dhnhjv`rghn`l`k x]cnxsxkvc ck semxlgx fckvclvxn. Lc­kx ukwk phrr`kh hkv menxf ]hy`n ;x, sckx fhy`aghv`l. C'cn Lw­pcl­lcv uglhshdv`, sckx dhnhjlhbv`l.ß Fw pcvxsx Jcfc­nhkx vc zb ;xjhf`kvh redv evcnc; fegc fxn [ilgckx vc cghmc ej­lxa­vxn… åU, sckxk kcsgxkvck ughk ho`n`k[` \edyclfcn ugh­[hr.ß[3]

Lipcvvxsgcn mc litcssxngcn åFcrcncß swncsxkxk 89-[w hdcsxkxk…

﴿وَلَمَّا جَاءهُمْ كِتَابٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ وَكَانُواْ مِن قَبْلُ يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فَلَمَّا جَاءهُم مَّا عَرَفُواْ كَفَرُواْ بِهِ فَلَعْنَةُ اللَّه عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ﴾

jctsxnxkvc fegc ncmhdcj ejlxagcn…[4] åLcvxkc mc Oedfcn dcpwvxgcnx fe/scjvck rhfhr pcn mhoj zbgcnxkxk cncf mc lianx; rukawghn` xgc, Ums, Ocbnc[ mc shxn ;xlx rcfxgcgcngc vzdiascdvxgcn, cghlcj mc kxahkcgcnxkx Jzmnhjvh uowvwrghn` |edyclfcnxk hv` xgc ukghnh rcgcfc ]hgh[hrghn`k` vedxn mc rcgcfc vc ]hg`nv`ghn, suknh ;htxngcnc rhny`a evcnc; vedxnvxgcn… å|cnmcnvx'hnh! Xkvx |edyclfcnxk phrr`kh hkv menxf Sckvck xsjcdxnx; ;x, fxbx ukghnh rhgxf evcsck.ß Dhowv fegc vedxnvxgcn… å|cnmcnvx'hnh! Sckxk |edyclfcnxkxk xslxkc hkv menxnx;, fxbx ukghnh rhgxf ej!ß[5]

Gh;xk Hgghp`k :xjhf` ughk Rwn/hkx-:cnxl, fharh szbgc, Jzm­nhj` mc Xk[xgx jcsvxrgcdck ;xjhf 'zbcg ac;xgvc jhk`v`rghn` mc csgh ac;;-aifpc ejlcvx;gcnx fxn acosxk, dc/kx pcbncj Lipcl­lcvxk jcnctxkvck ukghnh 'cgvxdx bhlhk ukh rhna` ;htxn ugwf jc;bxf ejvxgcn. }ik;x u \edyclfcn Fckx-Xsnhxgvck vedxgvx![6]

2-Pcdhj` vzmnikvc |edyclfcnc jcmcssig ejlc;

Cplcv xfkx Pckfcg, Jxnlxbx, Xfkx Lh[c mc Fedpcrx Uslhk xfkx Pikedtvck fegc ncmhdcj evxngcn… :un fxn ;xax |edycl­fcnxk dhk`kh 'cgxf vevx… åHgghpvhk xsjc, lckc acth mensxk.ß |ed­ycl­fcn fwdwnvw… åC'cn xsjcsck vwh evcncl, xsjcsck vc sc­fxn evcnsck ;x, fw sckxk i]ik vhph dhoa`v`n.ß U vevx… åVwh evxk.ß |edyclfcn fwdwnvw… åVcsjclhb hg, vcsjc­lhb` dhoa` ac;xgvc hg`f fw vwhk` uow…

اَللَّهُمَ اِنـِّي اَسْاَلُكَ وَاَتَوَجَّهُ بِنَبِيِّكَ مُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيِّ الرَّحْمَةِ يَا مُحَمَّد اِنِّي تَوَجََّهْتُ بِكَ اِلَى رَبِّي فِي حَاجَتِي لِتَقْضِىَ لِي اَللَّهُمَ شَفِّعْهَ فِيََّ

Fw ncmhdcjx Fedpcrx mc Jxnlxbx scpxp sckcvgx pcvxsgcnvck peshf ejlxagcn.[7]

3-|edyclfcnxk mcthj`kvhk suknh ukh jcmcssig ejlc;

Jcfcnhkx åLz/[clig-;cfxnß ;xjhf`kvh Uslhk xfkx Pikedtvck fegc ncmhdcj evxn… åFxn kctcn zb ph[cjx i]ik Uslhk xfkx Ctthk`k dhk`kh 'cgxf-'evxnvx, hllh Uslhk ukwk xsjc;gcnxkc e/jxkh ejlxnvx. U ;xax Uslhk xfkx Pikedtx 'znvi mc lzm[wv mcbxddcjvck ax;hdcj ejvx. Uslhk ukh vevx… åVcsjclhbohkhdh 'evxf vcsjclhb hg, suknh lcs[xvc 'cgxf x;x nc;/cj khlhb r`g mc fw vwhk` uow…

اَللََََّهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْاَلُكَ وَاَتَوَجَّه اِلَيْكَ بِنَبِيِّنَا مُحَمََّدٍ نَبِيّ الرََّحْمَةِ يَا مُحَمَّدُ اِنِيّ اَتَوَجَّهُُ بِكَ اِلَى رَبِّي لِتَُقْضَي حِاجَتِي

Fw bhlhk ph[cjxk ncmh ugwkhn.ß

U ;xax Uslhk xfkx Pikedtxk vevx;gcnxkc clcg ejvx;vck suknh ocgxtc Uslhk`k emxkc 'cgvx. :eax;]x ukwk cgxkvck jwjhnhr Uslhk`k lc[gxsxkc h\hnv`. Uslhk ukw fxn vzacdxk isjikvc ujwnvwf vevx… åKc xsjcdxnsck?ß U, lcrscvxkx fcdhk ejvx. Uslhk vh ukwk ph[cjxkx denxkc dejxnvx mc vevx… åCghmc pcn kc epjxdh[`k ugsh, ve.ß[8]

4-|edyclfcn ¡-xk clxsx Hffhsh jcmcssig

åScpxpx Fwohnxßvc fegc kcrg ugwkwn… Zlcn xfkx Ocjjhf pcn mhoj rcpcjgxdc vi]hn ugwnvwsh, Hffhs xfkx Cfvig-Lijjcgxfx (Hgghp vcn'hp`kvh) acthcj]x rcnhn mencnc; vedxnvx… å|cnmcn­vx'hnh! Fxb cmmcggcn Sckxk |edyclfcnxkx mhsxjc rcnhn mencnc; Sckxk vcn'hp`kh 'cgxnvx;, Sck vc fxbc dhy`a khbxg evcnc; fxbx sxnhf fwdwnwnvwk. Xkvx |edyclfcnxlxbxk clxsxkc jcmcssig evcnc; Sckxk vcn'hp`kh 'cgxnx;. Sck vc fxbc dhy`a khbxg evxf fxbx sxnhf ej.ß Nhmx vedxn… åFwkvhk suknh dhy`a dhy`nv`.ß[9]

Hdv`kv`n ;x, |edyclfcnxk clxsx fharh [cpcjgcnc 'znc vedxg, lcpb u pcbncjxk clxsx ugvwywkh 'znc acthcj]x rcnhn menxgxnvx.

|edyclfcnx C;ncl ¡-xk sikkcsxkvc fw ;xlx pcvxs­gcnxk mhng`y` xgc fegc, shxn \edyclfcngcnxk, oiswsxgc Ohjclig-Ck­fxdh pcbncj Lipcllcv ¡-xk sxtcjgcnx, ukghn`k shxn xk­shk­ghnh ughk isjikgi; mc lcbxddcjgcnx fhncsxkvc xojxght ejlc; ghdxr vedxgvxn. Hllh åkc i]ik fw fhncvc xojxght ug­lwa­vwnß swhg`kh 'cgvx;vc xsc, 'cgck fcpsgcnvc fwkwk scfcf­gcnxkx mc fw lcscgcvc 'ivigck cshs lcrscvgcnx fcdhk evc­[cdx;.

|EDYCLFCNx c:ncl ¡-XK SXTCJGCNX XGC CGHRCVHN XOJXGHT~K LCKACDX

|edyclfcngcnxk sxtcj mc oiswsxddcjgcnxgc cghrcvhn kcrg ugwkhk lijcmhjxn pcvxsgcnxk ha;hn fcdhk` xgc dhkha`, fegc fxn swhg dhnhk`n ;x, 'zncsck, ukghn`k fhncsxkvc ughk xojxghtghn`k lckacdx kcvxn?

{hmhf fwvwn ;x, fxb \edyclfcngcnxk di;sc; lcrhl mc lckbxgcjgcnxkx, pcjjh hvx [hlhhjvhk vh hahy` scmxddcdc 'cjxnlc; i]ik vibcgvxgxf dhd`ghk shojh pcvxsgcnc vcnxkvck vxrrcj dejxnvx;vc, lc/gwl ugwn ;x, fw ;xlx ncmhdcjgcn, ukghnh rcgfck e/jxrhv fcsgcdckgcnvc oiswsx fxn e/jxrhv dhnhv`n ;x, ;e]lxa ncmhdcjgcnxk lcblwkw xgc fxnfhah bxvvxddcj jca;xg evxn. Fxb szbi wbhjlhlhr i]ik ukghn`k x]cnxsxkvck |eycl­fcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk fhncsxkvc ughk dhgk`b fxn ke]c ncmh­dcjx redv ejlc;gc ;xthdcjgckxnx;. Fegc ;x, pclxk lxrvhn`k ibcnxkvc vc vcnxkvck viaikiglcsx fcsxncj shpxfgcnx i]ik ;xthdcjvxn.

Fwohnx mc Cplcvxk ncmhdcjx

Ukghn (Fwohnx mc Cplcv) vedxngcn… å|edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡, ukh mcpd khbxg uglhbvhk rhfhr fxn 'ik Bedv xfkx Cln xfkx Kwtedgxk rhfhy`kh sitnc shgv`. Pclxk sitncvc cj vc mhn xvx. Bedv ukw delc;vck xljxkh evcnc; vevx… åLck Hggh­p`k hv` ]c;xglcvck ;csxgck pedmhkghn`k cjxkvck delcncl!ß[10]

Fwnhvhk fegc ]`o`n ;x, Bedv [hpxgxddcj vzmnikvc |edycl­fcnx-C;ncl ¡-vck isjik xlxaæ ]ik;x u, [hpxgxddcj vzm­nikc lcosws ughk hvcjgcnvck ]c;xkxn, |edyclfcnx-C;ncl xsc ]c;xklxnvx!

Fwohnxkxk mc Lisgilik ncmhdcjx

Ukghn kcrg evxnvxgcn ;x, pcbncj {cfnhxg ™

﴿اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ﴾

hdcgcnxkx |edyclfcnc khbxg evck bhlhk |edyclfcnxk ]xdxk­gcnx jxjnclcdc fhaghv`, egc fw phgvh emc rhd`v`f Ocvx­[cdc vevx… åLck zb [hk`lvhk runownhl!ß Ocvx[c ukh vevx… åFegc vedxg! Sckc liqvc ugswk, Hgghph hkv ugswk, U sckx pe] mhoj ohn ejlcb.ß Ukw Mcncrcj xfkx Kutcgxk dhk`kh h\hnv`. (U, [hpxgxddcj vzmnikvc lcsxpx vxkxkvc xvx.) |edyclfcn zb 'znvi;gcnxkx ukh vevx;vc, Mcncrcj vevx… åFw, Lwshdh khbxg ughk pclxk åkhlwsßvwn.ß[11]

Fwkvhk vh fegc ]`o`n ;x, lcsxpx vxkxkvc ughk Mcncrcj xfkx Kutcg mcpd mc {cfnhxg xgc cghrcvhn lcscgcgcnvc mcpdxk fxnfhah vxkgcdx[xsx ughk |edyclfcnc kxsfcjck vhph h'hpv`n mc |edyclfcn Mcncrcjxk szbgcnxkvck jc/sxngckcnc; zbikvc fxn kzm hnohd`kg`r pxss ejvx. Fegc ;x, c'cn Mcncrcjxk fw szbgcnx uglhshdv`, Xfkx Sc/vxk åJcfcrhjßvh ncmhdcj ejvxdxkc 'znc, |edyclfcn zbiki vhyvhk hjh[hrv`! Jcfcnxkxk dhbv`y`kh 'znc xsc |edyclfcn fwdwnvw… åFw lcpm ughk (u, zbiki kcbcnvc jwjwnvw) dh ahxnvxn, dh vh lc[kwkvwnæ lckxl fw phgcjxl pe] mhoj Rinedaxk vxggcnxkc vialclcgxvxn!ß[12]

Fwohnx mc Lisgilik ncmhdcjx

Ukghn vedxngcn ;x, |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡ densxb rc­bcf­gckxn, gc/kcj evxn mc szdia szdinvi, ghdxrx uglhv`y` acos­gcnc cbhf-cbxddcj menxnvx. U, Hgghpvhk xsjclxavx ;x, ukw, fw xa­gc­nc pcvct ughk acosgcn i]ik bc;hj mc \h;xbcgx; rcnhn men­sxk.[13]

UKGHN FEGC NCMHDCJ EJLXAGCN…

åDcpwvxgcnvck fc/bxgcnx |edyclfcnx egc sepn ejlxavxgcn ;x, fxn xax 'znlcvxdx phgvh pclxk xax 'znvidiki jcscmmin evxn­vx.ß[14]

Lisgilik ncmhdcjx

U, fegc vedxn… å|edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡ ownlh hyh[­ghn`­k` jubghkv`nlhyh lcaywg ughk fxn rzmlik dhk`kvhk ;e]ckvc vevx… åC'cn ukghn` jubghkv`nlhshk`b, vhph dhoa` ugh[hrghn.ß Ukghn jubghkv`nlh clcgxddhj`k` vhdhkv`nv`ghn mc ukghn`k ownlhghn`kh fcgh 'cgvx. |edyclfcn vevx… åSxb zb vikdh xagcnxkxbx vhph dhoa` fxgxnsxkxb.ß[15]

Pcl]xkxk, fegc ncmhdcj ejlxagcn…

å|edyclfcn ckshnvhk ughk r`bghn`k hmhb scsxkc rwghr hs`nv`, Cfw Fc;n ukghn` rumvw.ß[16]

Lisgil fegc ncmhdcj evxn…

å|edyclfcn Hdxackx zb ]xdkxkc lxkvxnlxavx ;x, lcs[xvvc ki­lh­dxa 'zsjcnck pcfcaxgcnc jhlhah ejsxk. Zlcn ukghn` rum­vw.ß[17]

Jxnlxbx fegc vedxn…

å"zbgckxglcvck Zlcn bhpxn ugvw mc [hlhhj vcnphg vhy`­g`a­v`. |edyclfcn vevx… å"znincl ;x, xkshkghnvhk mc [xkgcnvck ughk aedjhkghn Zlcnvck rh]`n.ß[18]

Vx'cn fxn ncmhdcjvc xsc fegc dhb`n… å|edyclfcn rcbmcgcnxk fxnxkvck rhd`vhkvh rhnh vcnxgx fxn ;ckxb vct ]hg`f uowdwnvw. Zlcn vhoxg ugwf pclxk vctx hgv`, zb hgj`kh rudwf isjikvc ujwnvw. |edyclfcn vevx… åZlcn! Pcrxrcjck, Aedjhk sckvck runown!ß[19]

FWOHNX MC LISGIL HDXACVCK FEGC NCMHDCJ EVXNGCN…

å|edyclfcn lcs[xvvc fxn ;xaxkxk rxnhcjxkx eaxvxf vevx… åHgghp fw ;xaxdc ncplcj ejsxk! Lck txghk swnckxk txghk hdc­gcnxkx wkwjlwavwl, fw ;xax lckxl dhv`lh shgv`!ß[20]

Redv ugwkhkghnvhk fegc ]`o`n ;x…

Ocgxtc Zlcnxk clx uygwsw Bedv xfkx Cln xfkx Kitedg Hgghpvhk, |edyclfcnvck vc hnj`r runownvwæ u, fijgcn i]ik rwnfhkg`r evxgck cjgcnx delc;vck xljxkh evxnvx, phgfw;x |edyclfcn ukghnvhk dedxnvx!

Lcsxpx vxkxkx rcfwg ejlxa Mcncrcj xfkx Kutcg |edyclfcnxk dhk`kh 'cgck acosxk {cfnhxg ugvwywkw vcn; evxnvx, gh;xk |edyclfcn ukw jhk`lhl`a mc [xk ugh[hy`kvhk runolwavw. Pcl]xkxk, fegc jcscmmin ejlxavx ;x, åXrnc/ß swncsxkxk xg; hdcgcnx [xkgcnxk rhtxdcgcnxkvck ugh fxgcn.

Dcpwvxgcnxk sepnx |edyclfcnc u rcvcn jc/sxn evxn ;x, pe] fxn xa 'znlcvxdx phgvh fxn xa 'znvidiki jcscmmin evxn.

|edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡ Rwn/hk`k fc/bx hdcgcnxkx wkw­vwn, scphfcgcnvck fxnx ukghn` uowdhk bhlhk ukw ohj`nghd`n.

|edyclfcn 'wdh 'zsjcnxa menxn ;x, ownlh hyh[ghn`k` jubghk­v`nlhs`kghn, zbgcnx fhnghks`k. Hllh ocshncj vcdck bhlhk ukghnh vedxn ;x, sxb vikdh xagcnxkxbc lckvck vc h'hps`k`b.

Lcsxpx r`bghn`k`k lhpk` scsgcnxkc rwghr hs`n, phgfw;x Cfw Fc;n fw xax ouaghl`næ pcl vc Zlcnc vedxn ;x, aedjhk (lckvck vedxg) sckvck tcnhnxvxn!

Fw mc fw ;xlx shxn pcvxsgcnvck fegc ]`o`n ;x, |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡ [hpxgxddcj vzmnikvc Bedvxk lcrhl`kvhk vh hah­y` fxn lcrhlvh uglwa, Xsghl` rcfwg ejvx;vck suknh vh lcsx­px vxkxkvc ughk Mcncrcj mcpd mc {cfnhxg ;xlx lcsc­gcgcnc |edyclfcnvck vhph hnj`r h'hp xlxa! Cfw Fc;ngc Zlcn |edyclfcnc kxsfcjck gcpm-gcxfvck, cfcs aedgcnvck vhph ]uo wbhr ugwnlwa. |edyclfcnxk wkwjvwyw fxn hdckx jxghmcj evck scphfckxk phtxbc rimmcsx |edyclfcnvck vhph 'i[gi xlxa. Ukghn velc; xsjcdxngcn ;x, |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡ vc shxn xkshk­ghn ;xlxvxn… Hgghp ukw dcpwvxgcnxk udwk-udwk[hr­ghn`k­vhk, sepngcnxkvck hlhkvh shoghlhl`av`n! U, rcbcfgckxf gc/kc­jc ghdxr uglhdhk acosgcnx gc/kcjgcdxn mc ukghn` szdin!![21]

Hdv`kv`n ;x, pcn ;cs fw pcvxsgcnxk vib'ikgidikc xlhk 'cjxnsc, ukwk nwpwkvh dhnhkhk dhkg`a jcscmmin pcbncj Ohjc­lig-Ckfxdh Lipcllcv Lwscjhth ¡-xk zbikclcosws sx­tcj­gcnx fhncsxkvc cmmcgvc redv ugwkhk ncmhdcjgcnxk lcb­lw­kw xgc jhl jcbhv jca;xg evc[c;vxn. Phgfw;x u pcbncj zbi­kik lhgx; ugvwyw sukswb hgx-xkshkx tcbxgcjgcngc shxn xkshkghnvhk se]xgxn. Fwkh 'znc vc cmmcgvc redv ejvxdxl (mc bhpxnck zbiki hgxl peshf evck) u scwvxddcgx ;xaxkxk (fegc pcvxsgcnxk cshs`kvh) åLipcllcv vc lckxl ;xlx fxn xkshk xvx mc zgif 'evxf!ß – velcdc phrr` mhnv`n!

Fwkw vh redv evc; ;x, u tcbxgcjgcngc bxvvxddcjgx 'znia x[hv evck fegc pcvxsgcn ocgxtc Zlcn xfkx Ocjjhf`k 'znvidi xagcnvxn. Fegc ;x, u, zbikik acosx nc/dx mc x[jxphv` xgc Pived­fxddcvc;x hyh[` ;z;ikvck ]`ohnv`f hjl`av`, phgfw;x, u hyh[`k hgj`kvh |edyclfcngc fed/cj ugwklwavw.[22]

Vx'cn jcnctvck vc, Xlhl Cgx ™-`k åRhsxcß oijfcsx |ed­ycl­fcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk lcrhl mc lckbxgcjxkx hahy` 'cjxn­lc; lcrscvx 'ivck fegc pcvxsgcnx lcpm ejlxavxn. Fegc ;x, pcbncj pclxk oijfcvc fegc fwdwnwn…

وَلَقَدْ قَرَنَ اللَّهُ بِهِ مِنَ لَدُنْ اِنْ كَانَ فَطِيمًا اَعْظَمَ مَلَكٍ مِنْ مَلاَئِكَتِهِ يَـسْـلُكُ بِهِ طَرِيقَ الْمَكَارِمِ وَمَحَاسِنَ اَخْلاَقِ الْعَالمِ لَيْلَهُ وَنَهَارَهُ وَلَقَدْ كُنْتُ اَتََّبِعُهُ اتِِّبَاعَ الْفَصِيلِ اَثَرَ اُمِِّهِ يَرْفَعُ لِي فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ مِنْ اَخْلاَقِهِ عَلَمًا وَيِاْمُرُنِي بِالْاِقْتِدَاءِ بِهِ وَلَقَدْكَانَ يُجَاوِرُ فِي كُلِّ سَنَةٍ بِحَرِاءَ فَاَرَاهُ وَلاَ يَـرَاهُ غَيْرِي وَلَمَْ يَجْمَعْ يَوْمَئِذٍ بَيْتٌ فِي الْاِسْلاَمِ غَيْرَ رَسُولِ اللّهِ وَخَدِيجَةَ وَاَنَا ثَالِثُهُمَا اَرَى نُورَ الْوَحْيِ وَالرِّسَالَةِ وَاَشُمُُّ رِيحَ النُّبُوَّةِ وَلَقَدْ سَمِعْتُ رنَةَ الشَيْطَانِ حِينَ نَزَلَ الْوَحْيُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ : يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ مَا هَذِهِ الرّنَةُ ؟ قَالَ : هَذَا الشَّيْطَانُ اَيسَ مِنْ عِبَادَتِهِ

åHgghp-jhhgh |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-x sivclcngx; vzmnikvck suknh Zbikik ck fzdi; lcgc;gcnxkvck fxnx xgc dhkha` ejlxavx ;x, 'e[c-'ikvib cnbxk­vc 'zbcg coghrghn` rhbhklhr i]ik ukh dug 'zsjcnsxk. Lck vc hkhs`k`k vhg`k[h 'evck fxn wahr ;xlx ukwk vhg`k[h viainvil. U, pcn 'ik zb ohsxddcjgcnxkvck fxnxkx lckc ha;hn evxn mc lckc 'zsjcnxa menxnvx ;x, ukh xjhcj evxl. U, pcn xgvc fxn livvcj åPcnhß lhyhnhs`kh s`y`khnhr unhvh xfhvcjgc lcaywg ugwnvw. Lck­vck fharh fxn ;cs ukw 'znlinvi. U bhlhkvh Xsghl kwnw i]ik[isi lck ugvw­ywl |edyclfcn mc Ocvx[ckxk hxgcsxkvck fharh pe] fxn ;csxk emxkc sh]lhl`av`. Lck kifimmcj cjnxkx xdgcdxn, mcpdxk u pcbncjc khbxg ugvwyw bhlhk Aedjhk`k khgcsxkx eaxvxnvxl. Lck vevxl… åDh Ncswgcgghp! Fw kc khgcvxn?ß Fwdwnvw… åFw, Aedjhk`k khgcsxvxn ;x, ukh xjhcj evxglcsxkvck ilxvsxb uglwavwn.ß

Lck fhah viac fxglxncl… ke[c ugwn ;x, (Mcncrcjxk phvx­sc­sxk­vc redv ugwkvwyw ;xlx) |edyclfcn zbiki jhk`dh fxglxn?![23] Phgfw;x ukwk ;incdxkvc kifimmcj lzpini mhn xvx, pcjjh ;xjhf cpgxkvck pcn ;cs ukw 'zninvisc, vcnphg jhk`d`nv`.

Fw ;xlx shojh ncmhdcjgcn u pcbncjxk fe/scjxkvck rhfhr fha menck ohnxrig/hvc xagcnx mc kifimmcj vcgxggcnxkx 'zsjcnck ncmhdcjgcngc jhlhlxgc bxvvxn. Fegc ;x, u pcbncj clxsx Cfw Jhgxfgc fxngx;vc Ahlh 'ejvxdx fxnxk[x sctcnxkvc mc Ocvx[c i]ik jx[hncj ejlcdc 'ejvxdx x;xk[x sctcnxkvc fw lz/[ibcgcn li­ah­pxvc ugwklwavw. Fw sctcngcnvc dcpwvx mc lcsxpx hgxl­gcnx fe/scj lcscgcsxkvck ukh ocfcn menxnvxgcn. Fw x;x sctcn­vc fwgwvvhk ughk ;zg'cgckc[cdxk u pcbncjxk fha` isjik­vc pcnc;cj ejlcsx mc u pcbncjvck 'znikck shxn rcnxfc xagcnxk phl`s` sxnc mc pcvxs ;xjhfghn`kvh redv ugwklwavwn.[24] Fe/scj­vck rhfhr cpgx-;xjhf hgxlgcnxkxk u pcbncjxk \edyclfcngxdc se­]x­gc[cdx fhncsxkvc menvxdx ocfcngcn mc Jzmnhjvh 'cgck ncmh­dcjgcn vc livvchl`b`k vibgidikc fxn sifwjvwn.[25] Egc[c vc vha`k mc hyh[`k u pcbncjc shghl menlcsxkx redv ejlc; ughn.[26]

Fegc lz/[ibcgcn mc ohnxrig/hvc xagcn shpxfx ughk fxn acos zbi­ki ke[c jhk`lhdh fxgcn, phgfw;x Xsh xfkx Lcndcl £ ukwk 'cgxaxkx ocfcn menlxavxn?! Fegc ;x, åScttß swncsxkxk 6-[` hdc­sxkvc fwdwnwgwn…

﴿وَمُبَشِّرًا بِرَسُولٍ يَأْتِي مِن بَعْدِي اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ

åLck zbilvck suknh 'cgck mc hv` Cplcv ughk fxn ncswgw liqvc menc­kcl.ß

Ke[c lil;ik ugh fxgcn ;x, u pcbncj zbiki jhk`lhs`k, phg­fw;x ;xjhf-cpgx phrr`kvh Rwn/hkvh vedxgxn…

﴿الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءهُمْ

åUkw zb zmghvghn`k` jhk`v`rghn` ;xlx jhk`d`nv`ghn.ß[27]

Fcgx, ukghn fw |edyclfcnx – illx Ncswgw ]uo 'zbcg ac;xg­vc jhk`d`nv`ghn…

﴿الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِيَّ الأُمِّيَّ الَّذِي يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِندَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالإِنْجِيلِ

åU ;cs ;x, ukwk hv`k` Jzmnhjvh mc Xk[xgvc zb dhkghn`kvh dhb`gl`a 'znlia­vigcn.ß[28]

Jebgx;gc, fw ;xjhf`k åxsghlx acnxcj lckfcgcnxß fzglcsxkvc redv evc[cdx; ;x, Xsghl hgclxkc ph;xl ughk bhg`lghn vhxl oxgh­tcj lcrhl`k` liscglhkghn`k kcbcnxkvc kifimmcj lcrh­l`kvhk vhph di;sc; mc dhoa` rcgclc menlcdc ]hg`a`nv`ghn. Kilwkc ughnhr fwkw redv evxnx;… Pc[[h[ xfkx Dwsxt Scrctx, Cfvig-lcgx; Lcnmhk`k jcnctxkvck Xnhr`k mhgxsx ughk bhlhk :wtcvc fxn oijfc uowvw mc Lcvxkcvc |edyclfcn ¡-xk rcfnxkxk bxdhncjxkc 'evckgcnc ib jwjhnhr vevx… åZgil ugswk u ;csgcnc ;x, ]inilia sili;gcnxk mc uvwkghn`k cjnht`kvh jcmht evxngcn?! Kc i]ik lz/lxkgcnxk clxnx Cfvig-lcgx;xk rcsnxkxk cjnht`kvh jcmht ejlxngcn?! Lc'cn fxglxngcn ;x, fxn acosxk [hkxaxkx ukwk 'zkvcnvxdx hvhlvhk vhph dhoa`v`n?!ß[29]

Fcgx, suk dibxggx;gcnvc fc/bx liscglhkghnvhk 'znikck clcg­gcn – |edyclfcnx C;ncl ¡-xk lcrhl`k` dik'ig shd­lhr [cpvgcnx – jhnxo fudw fw sc/dgcnxk kcjx[csxkvck fharh fxn aed vedxgvxn. Ukghn dh fegc shojh ncmhdcjgcn dugw xgc u pcbncjxk di;sc; mc cbclcjgx lcrhl`k` hbhgjlhr xsjcdxngcn, dh vh Rwn/hk hdcgcnxkx jc/mxg ejlc; mc shxn ;xlx dugghnghæ mc fw dhnhlhb xagcnxkc vc xsjcvx;gcnx ;xlx fcnhcj rhbhkv`n`nghn. Vx'cn kilwkcgcnvck fxnx vc ukghn`k |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk lxghv 'ikikik fhdnhl ;e]xnxglcsx xgc cghrcvhn kcbcnxvxn ;x, kzmfcjx fcpsvc ukghn` hnhav`nh[hy`r.

5-HGGHP~K SHGEP FCKVCGCNXKXK MC |EDYCLFCNGCNXK OHJXNCSXKXK CBXB JWJWGLHS~ FHNCSXKVC ughk XOJXGHT

|edyclfcngcnxk ohjxncgcnxkxk cbxb jwjwglhs` xgc cghrcvhn lc[­gxsgcnxk jca;xg ugwklhs`, oiswsxgc |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk lxghv` likhsxfcjxgc fhdnhl ackgx;gcnxkxk ;e]x­nxg­lcsx fhncvc liohgxtgcnxk kcbcnxddcgcnxkxk fcdhk`kvh jc;[c Scw­vxd­dc Cncfxsjhk`k`k litjxsx mc xsghlx xnahv mc jcfgxyhj xvh­ncsxkxk ncxsx Cfvig-cbxb Fekfhbb`k tcjmhs`k` redv ejlc;gc ;xthdcjgckxnx;. U vedxn… å|edyclfcnxk mc fharh zmgxdhghn`k lxghv` likhsxfcjxgc fhdnhl lc[gxsx jca;xg ejlc; [hxb vedxg­vxnæ ]ik;x fw xa vxkvc (suknhvhk) dhnhv`gl`a fxv/cjgcnvckvxn.ß[30]

Hllh \edyclfcngcnxk mc vx'cn xghpx zmgxdhghn`k lxghv­gh­n`k`k fhdnhl ;e]xnxglcsxkxk 'zbcg mc fcdckxgck fxn xa uglh­s`kh e/jxrhv fcsgcdckgcn vcgxg 'cjxncnc; vedxngcn ;x, pc[[ lcnh­sxlxkxk c;scn pxsscsx csgxkvc \edyclfcngcnxk mc xghpx zmgx­dhghn`k ohjxncsxkxk [hkghkv`n`glhs`v`n. Ukghnvhk fc/bxgcnxkx redv evxnx;…

h) Xfnhpxl ™-`k lcrhl` (Lcrhlx Xfnhpxl)

Lijchg Hgghp åFcrcncß swncsxkxk 125-[x hdcsxkvc fwdwnwn…

﴿وَاتَّخِذُواْ مِن مَّقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى

åXfnhpxlxk lcrhl`kvhk zbikib i]ik khlhb denx se]xk.ß

åScpxpx Fwohnxßvc fw hdc xgc cghrcvhn fxn ncmhdcj kcrg ugwklwavwn ;x, ukwk oighscsx fegcvxn… åXslhxg mc Xfnhpxl £ :c/fc emxkx jx;vx;gcnx bhlhk Xslhxg vha 'cjxnxn, Xfnhpxl xsc pzninvi. Kcphdcj, ukwk vxmhnghn` w[hgv` mc Xslhxg fw vha` – dc/kx Lcrhlx-Xfnhpxl vha`k` 'cjxnvx. Xfnhpxl ukwk isjikc ]`ov` mc jx;xkjxkx vhmhl ejvxnvx. Xslhxg dekc vhaghn` ukh menxnvx.ß

Suknh;` ncmhdcjvc vedxgxn… åVxmhn w[hgv` mc Xfnhpxl vha­ghn` denfcden ejlcdc rhvxn uglhv`. Fwkh 'znc vc lcrhlvh ughk vha`k isjikc ]`ov`. Xslhxg vc vhaghn` pclxk denvck ukh menlcdc fhaghv`.ß[31]

Dwohn`vh;` hdcvck 'znvidilib ;xlx, Lijchg Hgghp li­scg­lhkghnh tcnlhk menxn ;x, Xfnhpxl ™-`k Fedjig-pcnhl­vh;` hdhr denxkc jcfcnni; ejsxkgcn, unhvh zbgcnx i]ik khlhb dengcnx se]sxkgcn ;x, Xfnhpxlxk ohjxncsx pclxac [hkg` rhgs`k. Hdv`kv`n ;x, fw xavc Hgghp-jhhghdh acnx; ruawglhs`kvhk pe] fxn cscn-cghlcj duovwn.

f) Scth mc Lcnmc

Lijchg Hgghp åFcrcncß swncsxkxk 158-[x hdcsxkvc fwdwnwn…

﴿إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِاللّهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِاعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا

åScth mc Lcnmc xghpx aihnghnvhkv`n. Pcn ;cs pc[[ ejsc, dhowv ilnc clcgxkx denxkc dejxnsc, ukghn`k hnhs`kvh jcmht ejlcsxkxk pe] fxn edfx duovwn...ß

Fwohnxkxk zb ;xjhf`kvh kcrg ejvxdx fxn ncmhdcjxk oighscsx fegcvxn… åXfnhpxl ™ Lc;;cvc Ph[cn mc Xslhxgvck hdn`g­v`r­vhk suknh ukghn`k delc;-x]lc;gcnx rwnjhnv`, axvvcjgc swswb­gwyh vi]hn ugvwghn. Fw bhlhk Xslhxg swswbgwywk axvvcjxkvck r`mn`g`f-h]`g`nv`. Ph[cn Scthdh vuynw 'ejvx ;x, ukwk fw mcbxd­dcjxkx liahpxvc ejlcsxk. Suknh vhy`k isjikc ]`ov` mc cjnhth kcbcn shgv` ;x, fcg;c fxn ;csx 'znc. Hllh pe] ;csx 'znlc­vxdxkvck Scthvhk ekvx mc vibckgxdc ]hjv`. Edkxgc xa'ibhn fxn xkshk ;xlx åsc/dß ejlcdc fhaghv`, kcphdcj 'cgxf Lcnmc vhy`kh ]`ov`. Cjnhth fhov` ;x, fcg;c fxn ;csx 'znc. Hllh pe] ;csx 'znlcvx. Fw 'evxa-'cgxa devvx vctc jc;nhn ugwkvw.ß

Xfkx Hffhs vedxn… |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡ fwdwnvw ;x, åfw vh xkshkghn`k Scth mc Lcnmc vhyghn` hnhs`kvh ejvx;gcnx sc/d clcgxvxn.ß[32]

Hgghp-jhhgh Ph[cnxk Scth mc Lcnmc hnhs`kvh;` sc/d clcgxkx pc[[ clcggcnxkxk fxn rxslx ejlxavxn ;x, Ph[cnxk ejvxdx sc/d­gcnx ohj`nghjs`k, u fzdi; acosxddcjgx xkshk`k ohjxncsxkx [hkghk­v`n­s`k. Ph[`ghn`k Scth mc Lcnmc vhyghn` hnhs`kvh ejvxdx åpcn­mcgcß clcgxkxk (fw lcshtckx r`sh hvv`lghngh, jeb-jeb 'ejlc­gc­nx­kxk) lisjcpcf uglhs` Ph[cnxk unhvh sw hojhnlhr i]ik jeb-jeb pcnc;cj ejlcsxkx ohj`nghv`n.

m) Ncldx-[clcnc

Cplcv xfkx Pckfcg mc Jcdhgxsx zbgcnxkxk åLiskcvß ;xjhf­ghn`k­vh |edyclfcnx C;ncl ¡-xk fegc fwdwnvwywkw ncmhdcj ejlxagcn… å{cfnhxg Xfnhpxlx å{clcnedx-crcfcdcß (ho`n`k[` vha hj`ghk denc) jcnct h\hnv` mc Aedjhk` ukh 'zsjcnvx. Xfnhpxl devvx cvcv vhagh ukw 'zb­vck xjxk[cdc rcvcn rumvw. Suknh ukw å{clcnedx-mwsjhdhß (unjhk[`g {clcncdc) h\h­n`f Aedjhk` ukh 'zsjcnvx, Xfnhpxl dekc vc ukw devvx vhagh 'zbvck xjckc rc­vcn rumvw. Suknh ukw å{clcnedx-rwsmhßdh (dho`k {clcncdc) h\hnv` mc Aed­jhk` ukh 'zsjcnvx. Xfnhpxl dekc vc devvx vhagh ukw 'zbvck xjxk[cdcvc; rumvw.ß[33]

Fegcgx;gc vc, Lijchg Hgghp Aedjhk`k Xfnhpxl ™ jcnctxkvck rumwglhs` clcgxkx cbxbgcvx, ukwk ohjxncsxkx cfcvx shoghlhr i]ik åncldx-[clcncßkx pc[[ clcggcnxkxk fxn rxslx rcnhn menvx.

r) Txvh, dhowv rwnfhkg`r

Lijchg Hgghp Xfnhpxl mc Xslhxg £ fhncsxkvc fegc fwdwnwn…

﴿لَمَّا بَلَغَ مَعَهُ السَّعْيَ قَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ إِنِّي أَرَى فِي الْمَنَامِ أَنِّي أَذْبَحُكَ فَانظُرْ مَاذَا تَرَى قَالَ يَا أَبَتِ افْعَلْ مَا تُؤْمَرُ سَتَجِدُنِي إِن شَاء اللَّهُ مِنَ الصَّابِرِينَ فَلَمَّا أَسْلَمَا وَتَلَّهُ لِلْجَبِينِ وَنَادَيْنَاهُ أَنْ يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ قَدْ صَدَّقْتَ الرُّؤْيَا إِنَّا كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ إِنَّ هَذَا لَهُوَ الْبَلَاء الْمُبِينُ وَفَدَيْنَاهُ بِذِبْحٍ عَظِيمٍ

åMc ukh (Xfnhpxlc) scfxngx fxn uyghk` liqvc menvx;. U, pcvvx-figwy dha`kh ]hjv`rvh, hjhs` ukh vevx… åUygwl! Lck dwowvh 'znvil ;x, sckx rwnfhk evxncl. "zn fw fhncvc kcbcnxk kcvxn?ß Xslhxg vevx… åHjh[hk! Pcn kcdc cln ugwk­lw­shksh (ukw vh denxkc dejxn), c'cn Hgghp xsjcsc, lckxl scfxn evckgcnvck ugvw­yw­lw 'zncnsck.ß Ukghn jcsgxl ugvwrvh mc Xfnhpxl uygwkw ibi isjc denc d`ov`y` bh­lhk kxvh ejvx;… åEd Xfnhpxl! Pcrxrcjck, sck u dwowkw jcsvxr evxf 'en]c;­gca­vxnvxk.ß Fxb dhoa` clcg shpxfgcnxkc fegc[c li;hthj mencnx;. Fw, pclxk fcgh mc ha­;hn xljhphkv`n. Ukw cbclcjgx bxfp xgc txvh (rwnfhkg`r) ejvx;.ß

Hgghp-jhhgh fw rwnfhkg`y`k ohjxncsxkx cbxbgclc;, ukw vhxl [hkg` shoghlhr i]ik fw clcgx pc[[ clcggcnxkxk fxn rxslx rcnhn menlxa mc ph[`ghnh cln ejlxavxn ;x, åLxkhßvh pclxac rwnfhkg`r ejsxkgcn, fw rwnfhkg`rgh Xfnhpxl mc Xslhxgxk Hgghp`k cln mc tcnlhkghn` rhna`s`kvh redvsxb-acnjsxb jcsgxl uglhghn`k`k ohjxncsxkx cbxb shoghs`kghn.

v) Oedxn-fcnc;cjxk pclxk denvck dhd`glhs`

Xfnhpxl lcrhl`kvh ughk oedxn-fcnc;cj lcpb u pcbncjxk rcvclgcnxkvck sxnhdcj ejlxavxn. Hgghp-jhhgh cln ejlxavxn ;x, Fedjwgghpxg-pcnhl`k pclxk denxkx khlhb denx rcnhn men­sxk­gcn. Hgghp unhvh r`g`khk khlhb` pc[[ clcggcnxkxk fxn rxslx rc­nhn menvx ;x, fw phvxsckx ohjxncgcnvc cfcvx [hkghkv`ns`k. Hah­y`vh;` fcpsgcnvc pcl oedxn-fcnc;cjxk, pcl vc lisxfcj mc fcvfcoj]xgx;gcnxk fxn denvck fharh dengcnc dhd`glhs`k` hnhav`n`n`r…

Hvcl ™-vhk fcnc;cjxk dhd`glhs` mc ukwk ohjxncsxkxk [hkghkv`n`glhs`

Fc/bx ncmhdcjgcnvc redv ugwkwn ;x, Lijchg Hgghp Hvclx, bxg-pc[[c hd`k`k 9-vh bzpnvck suknh åCncthjßvh fhy`aghv` mc {cf­nhxg rinwf bhlhk` åLca/cnig-pcnhlßvh ukwk dhk`kh 'cgvx. Hvcl bxg-pc[[ckxk 10-[w 'e[csxkx unhvh ;e]xnvx, 'e[ckx scpcnc ;x­lx udhr rhgv`, vwh evxf dhgmhnv`, Hgghph pclv-sckh ejvx mc jzmfcsxkxk rcfwg ugwklhs`k` xsjcvx. Sifp h]`ghkvh åLx­khßdh vuynw pcnc;cj ejvx. Bxg-pc[[ckxk 10-vh zb fha`k` r`nov`nv` ;x, jzmfcsxkxk rcfwg ugwklhs` mc 'ikhpghnvhk oxghs ugwklhs`kh fxn cghlcj ugswk. Hgghp-jhhgh fw 'iki Hvcl ™-`k zbi mc ukwk zmghvghn` i]ik fhdnhl rcnhn menvx mc Hvclxk ejvxdx clcggcnxk phl`s`k` jhnxo fudw, cfcvxddcjc rcvcn pc[[ clcggcnxkxk fxn pxsscsx rcnhn menvx. Fegc ;x, Hgghp-jhhgh bxg-pc[[ckxk 9-[w 'iki, hoahl ]hy` åCncthjßvh ukghn`k jzmfcsxkx rcfwg evxn, ukghn bxg-pc[[ckxk 10-h ;e]ck 'e[cvc åLca/cnig-pcnhlßvh Hgghpgh nhb-kxdhb evxngcn mc 10-[w 'ik åLxkhßvh zb fhaghn`k` r`nov`n`nghn. Fwkvhk suknh Xfnhpxl, Xslhxg mc Ph[cnxk denxkc dejxnvx;gcnx pclxk clcggcnx zb clcg­gcnxkc cghmc evxngcn, fwkwkgh vh pc[[ clcggcnx ;hlxggcaxn.

Fwkh cshsck, pc[[ clcggcnxkxk pcn fxnx Hgghp`k shgep fck­vcgcnxkxk dhahv`y` bhlhk mc lc;hkghnvhk oedxn-fcnc;cj wl­lhr lc/khs`k` vha`d`n ;x, fw clcggcnxk vc phl`s` jhnxo fudw ukgh­n`k hv mc dhvghn`k`k ohjxncgcnvc [hkghkv`n`glhs` i]ik­vin.



[1] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, ;xjhfwa-ainwj, 2-[x [xgv, scp.81æ lcyhbx ;xjhf`, Pivedfxddc rcbmcsx fhf`, åCj-Jcfcrhjß (Xfkx Sc/v), 3-[i [xgv, scp.29 mc 1-[x [xgvxk 1-[x pxsscsx, scp.188æ åLcyhbxß (Mhrxvx), scp-247.

[2] åLiskcvx Cplcvß, 5-[x [xgv, scp.68. Fwkwk cjnhtg` xbhp` åCg-xshfcßvc Pckbcgc xfkx Pibedl Pikedtc Jclxlxkxk jcn[iledx-phg`kvh redv ugwklwavwn.

[3] åLisjcvnc;x Ph;xlß, 2-[x [xgv, scp.615æ åLc[lcib-bcmhxvß, 8-[x [xgv, scp.253, åCk-kibncjß ;xjhf`k`k jcprxrhj]`s` Lcnhyxkxk ;xjhf`kvh (816-[` xgvc mcthj evxf), scp.113-114, Jcfcnhkxvck kcrgck.

[4] åMc Hgghp jcnctxkvck ukghnh fxn ;xjhf 'cgvx, phgfw;x ukghn`k zbgcnxkvc ughk kxahkcgcngc limhtxr xvx, fwkvhk cmmcg vc zbgcnxkc tcjp fhncvc liqvc menxnvxgcn (;x, ukwk ;zlcdx xgc vialckgcnc rhgxf 'cgsxkgcn). Hllh cmmcg[cvck jhk`v`rghn` ;xjhf mc |edyclfcn ukghnh vuynw 'cgvx;vc ukghnh rhna` ;htxn ugvwghn. Hgghp`k gc/kcjx ;htxngcnc ugswk!ß

[5] Ncmhdcjgcnvck hdv`k ugwn ;x, ukghn fw ;xlx vwhghngh Hgghp-jhhghvhk xsjcdxn mc |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-c jcmcssig evxnvxgcn.

[6] Fw ncmhdcjgcn redv ejvxdxlxb lcblwk cshs`kvh lijcmhjxnvxn mc fw ;xjhfghnvh redv ugwklwavwn… åVcghxgwk-kifimmcjß (Fedpcrx), scp.342-343-345æ åJctsxnx Jcfcnxß, pclxk hdckxk jctsxnxkvc, åJctsxnx Kxah\wnxß, Jcfcnxkxk phaxdcsxkvc, 1-[x [xgv, scp.233, åLisjcvnc;x Ph;xlß, 4-[i [xgv, scp.263, åJctsxnx Sidwjxß, Cfw Kcxlxk åVcghxgwk-kifimmcjß ;xjhf`kvhk kcrgck, Lcpcllcv xfkx Cfvx Pclxvxk åJctsxnßx, Cfvin-Ncplhk xfkx Cfx Phjcl xfkx Xvnxs Nhbxkxk åJctsxnßx, Lcpcllcv xfkx Xfnhpxl xfkx Likbcn Kxah\wnxkxk åJctsxnßx (531-[x xgvc mcthj ejlxavxn).

[7] Vwhk`k jcn[ilcsx fegcvxn… å|cnmcnvx'hnh! Lck Sckxk ncplcj |edyclfcnxk Lipcllcvxk mhsxjcsxgc vcn'hp`kh 'cgxf Sckvck xsjcdxncl. Ed Lipcllcv! Lck zb ph[cjxlxk Hgghp jcnctxkvck ncmh evxglcsx i]ik sckxk dhk`kh 'cglxacl mc sckx mhsxjc rcnhn menlxacl ;x, ph[cjxl ncmh ugswk. |cnmcnvx'hnh, ukw lckxl acthcj]xl mc mcsxgcl rcnhn men!ß

[8] åJcprxrik-kibncjß, scp.114-115, Jcfcnhkxkxk åLz/[clig-;cfxnß ;xjhf`kvhk kcrgck.

[9] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, ;xjhfwg-xsjxsrh mc ;xjhfw tcbhxgw csphfwk-Kcfx, 1-[x [xgv, scp.124 mc 2-[x [xgv, scp.200 åSikckx Fedpcrxß, 3-[i [xgv, scp.352

[10] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, bcfhdep ;xjhf`, 3-[i [xgv, scp.207æ åLiskcvx Cplcvß, 2-[x [xgv, scp.69 mc 86, Bedv xfkx Cln xfkx Kitedg ocgxtc Zlcnxk clxsx uygw mc ukwk rhd`khjhs` xvx. Ukwk uygw Scxvxk jcn[iledx-phg` åXsjxd/hfß ;xjhf`kvh redv ugwklwavwn.

[11] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, fcv/ig-mcpd fhf`, 1-[x [xgv, scp.3, åXrnc/ß swncsxkxk jctsxnxæ åScpxpx Lisgilß, xlhk ;xjhf`, pcvxs, 253æ åLiskcvx Cplcvß, 6-[` [xgv, scp.223 mc 233. Fwnhvh ukwk oighscsxkx redv ejvx;. Fxb |edyclfcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk fe/scjx xgc cghrcvhn ughk ncmhdcjgcnx (ukghn pcvxs mc jct­sxn ;xjhfghn`kvh redv ugwklwavwn) åXlhlghn`k vxkxk vxn]cgvxglcsxkvc ughk nugghn`ß ;xjhf`k`k vznvik[i pxsscsxkvc hnhav`nl`a mc vib'ik ncmhdcj­gcnx redv ejlxax;.

[12] åJhnxox Jcfcnxß, Hmnu\h ]h\`, 1-[x [xgv, scp.1150.

[13] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, vc/mcj ;xjhf`, |edyclfcnxk szbgcnx fhf`, ålck hbcdjwpß pxsscsxæ åScpxpx Lisgilß, cg-fxnnw mcs-sxgc ;xjhf`, lck gcckcpwk-Kcfxdd mc gedsc gcpw cpgck fhf`.

[14] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, fcv/wg-ocgr ;xjhf`, sxtcjw Xfgxs mc [ikwvwp fhf`, cjjxff ;xjhf`, pcg dcsjconx[w sepnck fhf`, cvcf ;xjhf`, åxkkcgghpc dc/lwnw fxg-cvg fhf`, vccmhj ;xjhf`, jc;nxnwv-vwh fhf`æ åScpxpx Lisgilß, sepn fhf`.

[15] åScpxpx Lisgilß, tcbhxg ;xjhf`æ åSikckx xfkx Lh[cß, jcgrxpwk-kcog fhf`.

[16] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, tcbhxgw csphfxk-Kcfxdd ;xjhf` mc edvedk ;xjhf`æ åScpxpx Lisgilß, scghjwg-edvedk ;xjhf`, fhfwn-nwoscjx tx gc/fx dumlxg-edv.

[17] åScpxpx Lisgilß, scghjwg-edvedk ;xjhf`, cn-nioscjw tx gc/f fhf`, 18-22-[x pcvxsgcn

[18] åSikckx Jxnlxbxß, cfmhfwg-lckhrxf, lckhrxfw Zlcn fhf`.

[19] Dekc unhvhæ pcl]xkxk åLiskcvx Cplcvß, 5-[x [xgv, scp.252. Fxb fw ncmhdcjgcnx åXlhlghn`k vxkxk vxn]cgvxglcsxkvc;x nugwß ;xjhf`k`k 2-5-[x pxsscgcnxkvc 'cjxncnc; ukghnvh lzm[wv ughk xnhvghn` hnhav`nl`a`r.

[20] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, acphvcj ;xjhf`æ åScpxpx Lisgilß, tcbhxgw Rwn/hk ;xjhf`, pcvxs, 224æ åSikckxk Cfx Vhmwvß, jcjcmmz/ ;xjhf`, 1331-[x pcvxs, ;xjhfwg-pinwt, pcvxs 3970

[21][21] Oigcth lc;jcfxkxk pcvxsgcnx egc fxn 'znia dhnhv`n ;x, xkshk |ed­ycl­fcnx-C;ncl ¡-xk xghpx lcrhl mc lckbxgcjxkx hvx xkshkghn`k lc­rh­l`kvhk vh hahy` jcscmmin evxn. Oiswsxgc, shojh pcvxsgcnvck åYcnhkxrß ctshkcsxkx redv ejlc; ughn ;x, fxb ukwk fhjxg uglhs`k` åXlhlghn`k vxkxk vxn]cgvxglcsxkvc;x nugwß ;xjhf`k`k 4-[i pxsscsxkvc fcdhk ejlxax;. Fw ;xlx shojh pcvxsgcnvck mcpdvc mc Rwn/hkvh aifpc jcgrxk ugwklhs`k`k lil­;ikgidi xncgx 'cgxn. Acnraikhs rcnfgxgcn vc zbgcnxkxk xsghlx jcprx­rhj­ghn`kvh oigcth lc;jcfxkxk pcvxsgcnxkc xsjxkhv evxngcn, Cpgx-fedj ¢ lc;jcfxkxk pcvxsgcnxkc xsc, ilwlxddcjgc, e/jxkh ejlxngcn.

[22] åActhws-sivwnß, scp.27æ Fw phvxsckxk cjnhtg` xbhp` Xfkx Cfxg-Pcvxvxk åKcp[ig-fcghycßdc dhbv`y` acnpxk 1-[x [xgvxkxk 49-[w scpxtcsxkvc redv ugwklwavwn.

[23] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, lckhrxfwg-lcnbh mcg-cvcf ;xjhf`æ åScpxpx Lisgilß, tcbhxg ;xjhf`æ åSikckx Cfx Vhmwvß, gxfhs ;xjhf`æ åSikckx Jxnlxbxß, lckhrxf ;xjhf`, åLiskcvx Cplcvß, 2-[x [xgv, scp.223, 3-[i [xgv, scp.436 mc 442, 4-[i [xgv, scp.195, 5-[x [xgv, scp.35, 77, 82, 83, 90, 95, 98, 104, 340, 341, 354, 438, 442, 443, 6-[` [xgv, scp.329.

[24] åCj-Jcfcrhjß (Xfkx Sc/v), Hmnu\h ]h\`, 1-[x pxssc, scp.73, 76, 83, 98-101, 109, 3-[i [xgv, 1-[x pxssc, scp.153æ åScpxpx Fwohnxß, fcv/ig-mcpd ;xjhf`k`k ho`n`, åCofhnx Penregß fzglcsxæ åSikckx Jxnlxbxß, lckhrxf ;xjhf`, 13-[i [xgv, scp.106æ Xfkx Pxahl`k åSxncß ;xjhf`, 1-[x [xgv, 194, 203, 231, 239 mc 251.

[25] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, fidw/ ;xjhf`, 2-[x [xgv, scp.10, åCj-jctsxnß ;xjhf`, åPc[[ß swncsxkxk jctsxnx, åTcbhxgwg-Rwn/hkß ;xjhf`, 1-[x pxsscæ åCj-Jcfcrhjß (Xfkx Sc/v), Hmnu\h ]h\`, 1-[x [xgv, scp.123æ åSikckx Jxnlxbxß, lckhrxf ;xjhf`, 1-[x fhfæ åSikckx Vhnclxß, ;xjhf`k lircvvxlcsx, åLiskcvx Cplcvß, 1-[x fhf`, 2-[x [xgv, scp.174, 3-[i [xgv, scp.467.

[26] åScpxpx Lisgilß, tcbhxg ;xjhf`, scp.1782, pcvxs, 2. åLiskcvx Cplcvß, 5-[x [xgv, scp.89, 95, 105, åLiskcvx Jcdhgxsxß, pcvxs, 781, åCj-Jcfcrhjß (Xfkx Sc/v), 8-[x [xgv, scp.179

[27] åFcrcncß swncsx, hdc…146, åCk/hlß swncsx, hdc…20

[28] åC/nhtß swncsx, hdc…157

[29] Fw fcpsx cjnhtg` ac;xgvc ;xjhf`k 3-[i [xgvxkvc redv evc[cdx;.

[30] åCa-acnrwg-umscjß rcbejxkvc (1984-[i xgxk ve;hfn hd`k`k 3-vc) |ed­yclfcnx-C;ncl ¡ mc fharh xghpx zmgxdhghghn`k lxghv`k`k fhd­nhl ;e]xnxglcsxkxk pz;li fhncsxkvc lcrhgc menxglxavxn.

[31] åScpxpx Fwohnxß, ckfxdh ;xjhf`, 2-[x [xgv, scp.158 mc 159.

[32] Dekc unhvh, scp.158, åLz/[clig-figvhkß, åbcl-bclß lhvvcsxæ åJhnxox Jcfcnxß, åJhnxox Xfkx Csxnß

[33] åLiskcvx Cplcvß, 1-[x [xgv, scp.306æ Edkxgc fw lcblwkh dho`k lcjgcfx Jcdhgxsx zb ;xjhf`k`k 27-[x scpxtcsxkxk 2697-[x pcvxsxkvc redv ejlxavxn. Pcl]xkxk, åLz/[clig-figvhkß, å:c/fcß lhvvcsx, åJhnxox Jcfcnxß, åJhnxox xfkx Csxnß ;xjhfghn`kvh Pcbncj Xfnhpxlxk jcn[iledx-phg`.

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